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Why did prophet [PBUH] marry “Ayesha” and “Hafsah”?
ID: 451 Publish Date: 31 October 2016 - 09:57 Count Views: 3639
Question & Answer » Prophecy
Why did prophet [PBUH] marry “Ayesha” and “Hafsah”?

Short Response:

According to Sunnis’ opinion, prophet [PBUH] doesn’t have foreknowledge and his marriage or friendship with someone doesn’t confirm that guy’s beliefs and attitude.

Even if they say that prophet [PBUH] knew “Ayesha” and married her, we say that he married her for the same reason that prophet “Noah” and prophet “Lot” married their wives, Despite of it’s written in “Quran” that their wives had the same opinion as their enemies and would follow them.

Detailed response:

God tests everyone and to test prophet [PBUH] god told him to marry “Ayesha” and with this order, god put someone in his house who could have caused his testing; because testing big guys must be as big as their position.

But because this trial could have caused some to misunderstand about the real personality of prophet [PBUH]’s wives, god has made the way for others by saying some errors of prophet [PBUH]’s spouses and former prophets’ wives in Quran.

For instance in the 10th verse of Sura AT-TAHRIM, god introduces prophet “Nouh” [PBUH]’s wife and prophet “Lot” [PBUH]’s wife to infidels as those who were in prophets [PBUTH]’s house but went astray.

And god says in another verse:

إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَي اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا وَإِنْ تَظَاهَرَا عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ مَوْلَاهُ وَجِبْرِيلُ وَصَالِحُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ ظَهِيرٌ

If both of you (wives) turn to Allah in repentance, even though your hearts inclined; but if you support one another against him, (know that) Allah is his Guardian, and Gabriel, and the righteous among the believers; and thereafter the angels are his reinforcers.    Sura AT-TAHRIM verse 4

And prophet [PBUH] has talked about the future of some his wives which helps us to distinguish right and wrong in case of need. For instance, “Bukhari” says in the book “Sahih Bukhari” Hadith No. 2873:

2873 - حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَي بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا جُوَيْرِيَةُ عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ قَامَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّي اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ خَطِيبًا فَأَشَارَ نَحْوَ مَسْكَنِ عَائِشَةَ فَقَالَ هُنَا الْفِتْنَةُ ثَلَاثًا مِنْ حَيْثُ يَطْلُعُ قَرْنُ الشَّيْطَانِ

Prophet [PBUH] pointed to Ayesha’s house and said three times: trial is here; the same place that evil nation will appear.

One of the targets of prophet [PBUH]’s marriages was to strengthen his status amongst tribes to increase his political and social influence and to spread Islam religion. 

Prophet [PBUH] did some marriages to gain better social and political status to spread god’s religion and strengthening Islam and to prevent Arab tribes’ sabotages and keeping internal policy and preparing the ground for Arab tribes to become Muslim.

Prophet [PBUH] married these women getting mentioned objectives:

1: “Ayesha”, Abu-Bakr’s daughter from “Bani Tim” tribe./// “Hafsah”, Umar’s daughter from “Uday” tribe /// “Umm Habibah”, Abu Sufyan’s daughter from famous tribe “bani Umayyad” /// “Umm Salamah” from “Bani Makhzoum” tribe and “Sudah”, “Maymounah” and “Safih” from “Bni Asad”, “Bani Hela” tribes.

Marriage is the most important social covenant that culture has serious effect on it particularly.

In that environment that war, blood shedding and looting were widespread, the best deterrent of war and the factor of unity and friendship was matrimony.

For this reason prophet [PBUH] married women from “Quraysh” big tribes especially tribes that their enmity towards prophet [PBUH] were more such as: “Umayyad” tribe. But he didn’t marry any women from “Ansar” tribes because they had no enmity towards prophet [PBUH].

“Georgiou”, Jewish author writes:

Muhammad [PBUH] married “Umm Habibah” to become Abu Sufyan’s son-in-law and reduce Quraysh enmity towards himself. Thus Prophet Muhammad became relative with “Umayyad” dynasty and “Hend”, Abu Sufyan’s wife and his other enemies and “Umm Habibah” became very effective factor for spreading Islam amongst “Mecca” families.

Muhammad, prophet that must be known, p 207

It’s written in some historical books that prophet [PBUH] proposed them and other than engagement ceremony no other ceremony was held and never slept with them and even some times he just proposing some tribes’ women.

And they were happy and would proud that a woman from their tribe has married prophet [PBUH], this way their social relationship with prophet got stronger and became more determined in defending prophet.

“Umm Salamah” was from “Bani Makhzoum” tribe –Abu Jahl and Khali bin Walid’s tribe- when prophet [PBUH] married her, “Khalid bin Walid” changed his position towards Muslim and embraced Islam after a while.

After his marring “Juwariyya” and “Safiyya”, “Bani Nazir and “Bani Mutlaq” tribes didn’t anything against prophet [PBUH]. And prophet [PBUH]’s companions freed one hundred captives from Juwariyyah’s tribe due to marring prophet [PBUH] saying that they’re prophet’s relatives! that’s why she’s known as blessing-creator for her tribe. 

So, prophet [PBUH] married “Ayesha” and “Hafsah” not because there weren’t better women than them but because of important interests that would have never gained unless by marring them.

The End

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