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Did Aeshe prostrate after she heard the news of the martyrdom of Amir Momenan (peace be upon him)?
ID: 75 Publish Date: 14 January 2016 - 09:59 Count Views: 155
Question & Answer » Imam Ali
Did Aeshe prostrate after she heard the news of the martyrdom of Amir Momenan (peace be upon him)?

Questioner: Kazem

 

Answer

 

Abu Al-Faraj Asfahani, the Sunni famous scientist, has narrated in the book ' ' Maghatel Al-Talebin ' ' with valid document

 

 

حدثني محمد بن الحسين الأشناني، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن حازم، قال: حدثنا عاصم بن عامر، وعثمان بن أبي شيبة، قالا: حدثنا جرير، عن الأعمش، عن عمرو بن مرة، عن أبي البختري، قال:

لما أن جاء عائشة قتل علي عليه السلام سجدت.

 

Abu Al-Bakhtari has said ' ' when Imam Aeshe informed of the news of the martyrdom of Imam Ali (peace be upon him), she prostrated ' '.

 

Al-Asfahani, Maghatel Al-Talebin, Author name: Abu Al-Faraj Ali Ben Al-Hossein (died in 356 hejira), v 1 p 11, according to the software of Jamat Al-Kabir

 

The document of this narration is completely valid and all of its narrators are reliable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analyzing the document of the narration

 

Muhammad Bin Al-Hussein

 

Zahabi has said about him

 

الخثعمي. الإمام الحجة المحدث أبو جعفر محمد بن الحسين بن حفص الخثعمي الكوفي الأشناني قدم بغداد

قال الدارقطني أبو جعفر ثقة مأمون.

He was a leader, Hojat (a person that has memorized three hundred thousand Hadiths with their document and text) and Mohades. Dar Ghatani has said about Abu Jafar Muhammad Bin Al-Hussein ' ' Abu Jafar was reliable and trustee ' '.

 

 

Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Seir Alam Al-Nobala, v 14 p 302, Researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt, Muhammad Naem Al-Araghsusi, Published by: Resalat Institute, Beirut, Ninth Edition, 1413 hejira

 

Ahmad Bin Hazem

 

Zahabi has said about him

 

 

ابن أبي غرزة الامام الحافظ الصدوق أحمد بن حازم بن محمد بن يونس بن قيس بن أبي غرزة أبو عمرو الغفاري الكوفي صاحب المسند ولد سنة بضع وثمانين ومئة

وله مسند كبير وقع لنا منه جزء وذكره ابن حبان في الثقات وقال كان متقنا.

Ibn Abi Ghazre was a leader and Hafez( he has memorized a hundred thousand Hadiths ) and he was very honest. He had very great Mosnad and I inherited its one part. Ibn Haban has mentioned him as reliable persons and he has said ' ' he was right in narrating Hadith ' '.

 

Seir Alam Al-Nobala, v 13 p 239

 

Usman Bin Abi Sheibe

He is one of narrators of Bokhari, Moslem and other Sehah Sete. Zahabi has said about him

 

عثمان بن أبي شيبة أبو الحسن العبسي مولاهم الكوفي الحافظ عن شريك وجرير وأبي الأحوص وعنه البخاري ومسلم وأبو داود وابن ماجة وابنه محمد وأبو يعلى والبغوي مات في محرم 239 خ م د ق.

Usman Bin Abi Sheibe was Hafez. Bokhari, Moslem and Ibn Maje have narrated narrations from him.  

 

Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Al-Kashef Fi Marefat Min Laho Ravayat Fi Al-Kotob Al-Sonat, v 2 p 12, no 3735, Researched by: Muhammad Avame, Published by: Dar Al-Gheblat lel Thaghafe Al-Eslamiye, Olov Institute, Jadde, First Edition, 1413 hejira- 1992

 

Jarir Bin Abd Al-Hamid

 

He is one of narrators of Bokhari, Moslem and other Sehah Sete. Ibn Hajar has said about him

 

جرير بن عبد الحميد بن قرط بضم القاف وسكون الراء بعدها طاء مهملة الضبي الكوفي نزيل الري وقاضيها ثقة صحيح الكتاب قيل كان في آخر عمره يهم من حفظه مات سنة ثمان وثمانين وله إحدى وسبعون سنة ع

Jarir Bin Abd Al-Hamid was from Kufe, lived in Rei and was a judge there. He was reliable and he had valid books. Some scientists have said ' ' at the end of his life, the ability of his talent decreased.   

 

Al-Asghalani Al-Shafei, Ahmad Ben Ali Ben Hajar Abu Al-Fazl (died in 852 hejira), Taghrib Al-Tahzib, v 1 p 139, no 916, Researched by: Muhammad Avame, Published by: Dar Al-Rashid, Syria, First Edition, 1406- 1986

 

Soleiman Bin Mahran

 

He is one of narrators of Bokhari, Moslem and other Sehah Sete. Ibn Hajar has said about him

 

سليمان بن مهران الأسدي الكاهلي أبو محمد الكوفي الأعمش ثقة حافظ عارف بالقراءات ورع لكنه يدلس.

Soleiman Bin Mahran was reliable and Hafez (a person that has memorized a hundred thousand Hadiths) and he was informed of different recitations and pious, but he cheated.

 

 Taghrib Al-Tahzib, v 1 p 254, no 2615

 

Umarv Bin Mare

 

 

He is one of narrators of Bokhari, Moslem and other Sehah Sete. Ibn Hajar has said about him

 

عمرو بن مرة بن عبد الله بن طارق الجملي بفتح الجيم والميم المرادي أبو عبد الله الكوفي الأعمى ثقة عابد كان لا يدلس ورمي بالإرجاء من الخامسة مات سنة ثماني عشرة ومائة وقيل قبلها ع

Umarv Bin Mare was a reliable person and worshiped a lot. He did not cheat and he was attributed to the religion ' ' Marjae ' '.

 

Taghrib Al-Tahzib, v 1 p 246, no 5112

 

Abi Al-Bokhtari, Saeid Bin Firuz:

 

He is one of narrators of Bokhari, Moslem and other Sehah Sete. Ibn Hajar has said about him

 

 سعيد بن فيروز أبو البختري الطائي مولاهم الكوفي... قال حبيب بن أبي ثابت كان أعلمنا وأفقهنا توفي 83 ع.

Saeid Bin Firuz ' ' he was more                   has said about Habib Bin Abi Sabet

 

Knowledgeable and jurisprudent than all.  

 

Al-Kashef, v 1 p 442, no 1946

 

Zahabi has written about his biography

 

سعيد بن فيروز أبو البختري بفتح الموحدة والمثناة بينهما معجمة بن أبي عمران الطائي مولاهم الكوفي ثقة ثبت فيه تشيع قليل كثير الإرسال من الثالثة مات سنة ثلاث وثمانين ع.

Saeid Bin Firuz was reliable and permanent. He paid attention to Tashei little and he narrated Morsel narrations a lot.   

 

Taghrib Al-Tahzib, v 1 p 240, no 2380

 

In addition, some of Sunni scientists, such as: Ibn Sad in the book ' ' Al-Tabaghat Al-Kobra ' ', Tabari in the book ' ' Tarikh ' ', Abu Al-Faraj Asfahani in the book ' ' Maghatel Al-Talebin ' ' , Ibn Samun Baghdadi in the book ' ' Al-Amali ' ', Ibn Asir Jezri in the book ' ' Al-Kamel Fi Al-Tarikh ' ', Damiri in the book ' ' Hayat Al-Hayvan Al-Kobra ' ', Ibn Al-Dameshghi in the book ' ' Javaher Al-Mataleb ' ' and …have narrated ' ' when Aeshe informed of the martyrdom of Amir Momenan ( peace be upon him), she recited this poem

 

           وذهب بقتل علي عليه السلام إلى الحجاز سفيان بن أمية بن أبي سفيان بن أمية بن عبد شمس فبلغ ذلك عائشة فقالت:

فأَلقتْ عَصاها واستقرَّ بها النَّوى كما قرَّ عيناً بالإيابِ المُسافِرُ

Sofyan Bin Amye announced in Hejaz that Imam Ali (peace be upon him) was killed. When Aeshe was informed of this news, she said ' '

 

He dropped his stick and then was relieved.

 

As eyes brightened in the time of coming back from journey.    

 

 

Al-Zahari, Ben Sad Ben Mani Abu Abdullah Al-Basari (died in 230 hejira), Al-Tabaghat Al-Kobra, v 3 p 40, Published by: Dar Sader, Beirut

 

-Al-Tabari, Abu Jafar Muhammad Ben Jarir Ben Yazid Ben Kathir Ben Ghaleb (died in 310 hejira), Tarikh Al-Tabari, v 3 p 159, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmiye, Beirut

 

-Al-Asfahani, Maghatel Al-Talebin, Author name: Abu Al-Faraj Ali Ben Al-Hossein (died in 356 hejira), v 1 p 11, according to the software of Jamat Al-Kabir

-Ibn Samun Al-Baghdadi, Abu Al-Hossein Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Esmaeel Ben Anbas (died in 387 hejira), Amali Ibn Samun, v 1 p 43, according to the software of Jamat Al-Kabir

 

-Ibn Athir Al-Jazari, Ez Al-Din Ben Al-Athir Abi Al-Hasan Ali Ben Muhammad (died in 630 hejira), Al-Kamel Fi Al-Tarikh, v 3 p 259, Researched by: Abdullah Al-Ghazi, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut, Second Edition, 1415 hejira

 

-Al-Domeiri Al-Mesri Al-Shafei, Kamal Al-Din Muhammad Ben Musa Ben Isa (died in 808 hejira), Hayat Al-Hayavan Al-Kobra, v 1 p 75, Researched by: Ahmad Hasan Basaj, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut/ Lebanon, Second Edition, 1424 hejira- 2003

 

-Al-Dameshghi Al-Bauni Al-Shafei, Abu Al-Barakat Shams Al-Din Muhammad Bn Ahmad (died in 871 hejira), Javaher Al-Mataleb Fi Managheb Al-Emam Ali Ben Abi Taleb, v 2 p 104, Researched by: Al-Sheikh Muhammad Bagher Al-Mahmudi, Published by: Majma Ehya Al-Thaghafe Al-Eslamiye, Qom, First Edition, 1412 hejira

 

This verse of poem left from darkness is used when victory, comfort and happiness are obtained after difficulty, grief and a lot of problems.

 

Dropping the stick implies the reassurance of heart and the relaxation of mind. When the heart of a person is mild and his mind is relaxed, it is said ' ' Al-Ghi Asa ' '.

 

The purpose of Aeshe from saying this poem was that she wanted to say that I was not worried about Ali, my heart relieved and my mind relaxed because I always waited for such news like a person that is waiting for a traveler and when the traveler comes back, his eyes brightens and his heart relieves.

 

The animosity of Aeshe toward Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) was not only about the Jamal War and after that. It has been said in Sahih Bokhari and other Sehah Sete that Aeshe did not like to mention the name of Amir Momenan   

 

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِىِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِى عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ لَمَّا ثَقُلَ النَّبِىُّ - صلى الله عليه وسلم - وَاشْتَدَّ وَجَعُهُ اسْتَأْذَنَ أَزْوَاجَهُ أَنْ يُمَرَّضَ فِى بَيْتِى فَأَذِنَّ لَهُ، فَخَرَجَ بَيْنَ رَجُلَيْنِ تَخُطُّ رِجْلاَهُ الأَرْضَ، وَكَانَ بَيْنَ الْعَبَّاسِ وَرَجُلٍ آخَرَ. قَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ مَا قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقَالَ لِى وَهَلْ تَدْرِى مَنِ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِى لَمْ تُسَمِّ عَائِشَةُ قُلْتُ لاَ. قَالَ هُوَ عَلِىُّ بْنُ أَبِى طَالِبٍ.

Ubeidullah Bin Abbas has narrated from Aeshe ' ' when the disease of the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) became worse, he wanted his wives to allow him to spend his improvement period in my house and they accepted it. As the feet of the prophet were pulling on the earth, two men, one of them was Abbas and the other one was another man, left there.

                                               

Ubeidullah said ' ' I narrated the remark of Aeshe for Ibn Abbas. Then Ibn Abbas said ' ' do you know the man that Aeshe mentioned his name? ' ' I said ' ' No ' '. He said ' ' he was Ali Bin Abi Taleb ' '.      

 

 

Al-Bokhari Al-Jaafi, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Esmaeel (died in 256 hejira), Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 1 p 83, hadith 195, Ketab Al-Vozu, chapter Al-Ghosl Al-Vozu Fi Al-Mekhzab valghadah va Al-Khashab va Al-Hejarat, v 1 p 236, hadith 634, Ketab Al-Jamaat va Al-Emamat, chapter Had Al-Mariz An Yashhada Al-Jamaat, v 2 p 914, hadith 2448, Ketab Al-Hebat va Fazleha, chapter Hebat Al-Rajol le Amrateh va Al-Marateh le Zaojeha, v 5 p 2160, hadith 5384, Ketab Al-Teb, chapter Al-Ladud, Researched by: D. Mostafa Deib Al-Bagha, Published by: Dar Ibn Kathir, Al-Yamame, Beirut, Third Edition, 1407- 1987

 

Ibn Hajar Asghalani in the book ' ' Fath Al-Bari ' ' and Badr Al-Din in the book ' ' Umde Al-Ghari ' ' have said

 

 قوله قال هو على بن أبى طالب زاد الإسماعيلى من رواية عبد الرزاق عن معمر ولكن عائشة لا تطيب نفسا له بخير ولابن إسحاق في المغازي عن الزهري ولكنها لا تقدر على أن تذكره بخير.

 

Ismaeili has narrated narrations from Abd Al-Razagh and he has narrated it from Moamer

 

because Aeshe did not like Ali

 

Ibn Ishagh has narrated from Zehri in the book ' ' Al-Maghazi ' '

 

Because Aeshe could not remember Imam Ali (peace be upon him) well.

 

Al-Asghalani Al-Shafei, Ahmad Ben Ali Ben Hajar Abu Al-Fazl (died in 852 hejira), Fatah Al-Bari Sharh Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 2 p 156, Researched by: Moheb Al-Din Al-Khatib, Published by: Dar Al-Marefat, Beirut

 

Al-Eini Al-Ghitabi Al-Hanafi, Badr Al-Din Abu Muhammad Mahmud Ben Ahmad (died in 855 hejira), Omdat Al-Ghari Sharh Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 5 p 192, Published by: Dar Ehya Al-Torath Al-Arabi, Beirut

 

 

Ahmad Bin Hanbel has narrated the rest of the narration in this way

 

وَلَكِنَّ عَائِشَةَ لاَ تَطِيبُ له نَفْساً.

Why didn 't Aeshe feel well toward him? because he did not like him. 

 

 

Mosnad Al-Emam Ahmad Ben Hanbal, v 6 p 228, hadith 25956

 

 

Good luck

 

The group in charge of answering doubts



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