Wednesday 7 December 2016
Did Amir Momenin (peace be upon him) refer to the Khadir Hadith?
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Question & Answer » Imam Ali
Did Amir Momenin (peace be upon him) refer to the Khadir Hadith?


The group of Imamate and caliphate

 

Questioner: Soheil

 

Answer

 

Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) and the rest of infallible Imams (peace be upon them) have referred to the Khadir Hadith in a lot of cases.

 

1. Ahmad Bin Hanbel has said in the book ' ' Mosnad ' ' with valid document

 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنِى أَبِى حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَبُو نُعَيْمٍ الْمَعْنَى قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا فِطْرٌ عَنْ أَبِى الطُّفَيْلِ قَالَ جَمَعَ عَلِىٌّ النَّاسَ فِى الرَّحَبَةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَنْشُدُ اللَّهَ كُلَّ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَقُولُ يَوْمَ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ مَا سَمِعَ لَمَّا قَامَ . فَقَامَ ثَلاَثُونَ مِنَ النَّاسِ - وَقَالَ أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ فَقَامَ نَاسٌ كَثِيرٌ - فَشَهِدُوا حِينَ أَخَذَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ « أَتَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّى أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ ». قَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ. قَالَ « مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاَهُ فَهَذَا مَوْلاَهُ اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ مَنْ وَالاَهُ وَعَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ ». قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ وَكَأَنَّ فِى نَفْسِى شَيْئاً فَلَقِيتُ زَيْدَ بْنَ أَرْقَمَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّى سَمِعْتُ عَلِيًّا يَقُولُ كَذَا وَكَذَا. قَالَ فَمَا تُنْكِرُ قَدْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ .

Mosnad Ahmad, v 4 p 370, hadith 19823

 

Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him) summoned the people in Rahabe and said ' ' ' ' I swear you to God; every Muslim that remembers the Khadir Khom and has heard the remark from the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) on that day stand up! ' '.  Thirty people stood up to attest. Abu Naeim has said ' ' a lot of people attested and announced ' ' when the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) took the hand of Amir Momenin (peace be upon him) in his blessed hand, he said                                 

 

' 'Ali is the master of everyone that I used to be his master. O ' God! Be friend with the friend of Ali and be enemy with the enemy of Ali ' '.                                                

 

Abu Tafil said ' ' I left the population as I felt sad and when coming back, I visited Zeid Bin Argham and said to him ' ' I heard such and such remarks from Imam Ali (peace be upon him)  and I became sad ' '. Zeid said ' ' do not deny what you heard because I heard from the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) what you heard ' '.

                                                

After narrating the narration, Heithami has said

                                                                                                              

رواه أحمد ورجاله رجال الصحيح غير فطر بن خليفة وهو ثقة .

Ahmad has narrated this narration and its narrators are the narrators of Sahih Bokhari except Fatar Bin Khalife that is reliable.

 

Majma Al-Zavaed Manba Al-Favaed, Ali Ben Abibakr Al-Heithami (died in 807 hejira), v 9 p 104, Published by: Dar Al-Riyan Leltorath/ Dar Al-Kotob Al-Arabi, Cairo, Beirut, 1407

 

2. Ahmad Bin Hanbel has said in the book ' ' Mosnad ' '

 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنِى أَبِى حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ أَبِى إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سَعِيدَ بْنَ وَهْبٍ قَالَ نَشَدَ عَلِىٌّ النَّاسَ فَقَامَ خَمْسَةٌ أَوْ سِتَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِىِّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فَشَهِدُوا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قَالَ « مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاَهُ فَعَلِىٌّ مَوْلاَهُ » .

Mosnad Ahmad, v 5 p 366, hadith 23808

 

Saeid Bin Vahab says ' ' Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him) swore the present people in Rohabe that everyone that heard some remarks from the messenger of God ( peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) in the day of Khadir Khom in my favor stand up. In such time, five or six persons stood up and attested that they heard from the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) on that day in Khadir Khom that he said to the people ' ' Ali will be the master of everyone that I used to be.    

 

After narrating the narration, Heithami has said

 

رواه أحمد ورجاله رجال الصحيح .

 

Majma Al-Zavaed, V 9 P 104

 

 

3.  Abubakr Bazar has written in the book ' ' Bahr Al-Zokhar ' '

 

حَدَّثَنَا يُوسُفُ بْنُ مُوسَى ، قَالَ : ثنا عُبَيْدُ اللهِ بْنُ مُوسَى ، عَنْ فِطْرِ بْنِ خَلِيفَةَ ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ ، عَنْ عَمْرٍو ذِي مَرَّ ، وَعَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ وَهْبٍ ، وَعَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ يُثَيْعٍ ، قَالُوا : سَمِعْنا عَلِيًّا ، يَقُولُ : نَشَدْتُ اللَّهَ رَجُلا سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ، يَقُولُ يَوْمَ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ لَمَّا قَامَ ، فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ ثَلاثَةُ عَشَرَ رَجُلا ، فَشَهِدُوا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ، قَالَ : أَلَسْتُ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ ، قَالُوا : بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ، قَالَ : فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِ عَلِيٍّ ، فَقَالَ : مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاهُ فَهَذَا مَوْلاهُ ، اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ مَنْ وَالاهُ ، وَعَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ ، وَأَحِبَّ مَنْ أَحَبَّهُ ، وَأَبْغِضْ مَنْ أَبْغَضَهُ ، وَانْصُرْ مَنْ نَصَرَهُ ، وَاخْذُلْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُ .

Al-Bahr Al-Zokhar (Mosnad Al-Bazar), Abubakr Al-Bazar (died in 292 hejira), v 3 p 35, hadith 786, Published by: Olum Al-Quran Institute, Maktab Al-Olum Al-Hakam, Beirut, Medina, 1409, First Edition, Researched by: D. Mahfuz Al-Rahman Zeinollah

 

Abu Ishagh has narrated from Umarv Bin Zi Mer, Saeid Bin Vahab and Zeid Bin Yasie that they said unanimously ' ' we heard that Hazrat Ali ( peace be upon him) swore ' ' attest; everyone among you that heard whatever the prophet ( peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said about me in Khadir Khom . Thirteen persons stood up and attested that they heard that Hazrat Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said

 

Am I  not closer to the believers than themselves? The people confirmed it. In such time, the prophet took the hand of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and said

 

«من كنت مولاه فعلىّ مولاه اللهمّ وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه واحبّ من احبّه و ابغض من ابغضه و انصر من نصره و اخذل من خذله»

 

After narrating the narration, Heithami has said

                                                                                                              

رواه أحمد ورجاله رجال الصحيح غير فطر بن خليفة وهو ثقة .

Ahmad has narrated this narration and its narrators are the narrators of Sahih Bokhari except Fatar Bin Khalife that is reliable.

 

Majma Al-Zavaed, v 9 p 105

 

 

4. Ahmad Bin Hanbel has said in the book ' ' Mosnad ' '

 

حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ ثنا عَلِىُّ بن حَكِيمٍ الأودي أَنْبَأَنَا شَرِيكٌ عن أبي إِسْحَاقَ عن سَعِيدِ بن وَهْبٍ وَعَنْ زَيْدِ بن يُثَيْعٍ قَالاَ نَشَدَ عَلِىٌّ الناس في الرَّحَبَةِ من سمع رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول يوم غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ الا قام قال فَقَامَ من قِبَلِ سَعِيدٍ سِتَّةٌ وَمِنْ قِبَلِ زَيْدٍ سِتَّةٌ فَشَهِدُوا انهم سَمِعُوا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول لعلي رضي الله عنه يوم غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ أَلَيْسَ الله أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ قالوا بَلَى قال اللهم من كنت مَوْلاَهُ فعلي مَوْلاَهُ اللهم وَالِ من وَالاَهُ وَعَادِ من عَادَاهُ .

 

Mosnad Al-Emam Ahmad Ben Hanbal, Ahmad Ben Hanbal Abu Abdullah Al-Sheibani (died in 241 hejira), v 1 p 118 hadith 950, Published by: Ghartabat Institute, Egypt

 

Abu Ishagh has narrated from Saeid Bin Vahab and he has narrated from Zeid Bin Yasie that they said unanimously ' ' Hazrat Ali (peace be upon him) swore ' ' everyone among you that heard from the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) in my favor in Khadir Khom stand up. In such time, six persons stood up from Saeid Bin Vahab and six persons stood up from Zeid Bin Yase stood up and attested that they heard that Hazrat Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said to the people in Khadir Khom on that day

 

Isn 't God closer to the believers than themselves? The people said ' ' yes. God has priority over all of them.

 

Hazrat Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) said

 

' 'Ali is the master of everyone that I used to be. O ' God! Be friend with the friend of Ali and be enemy with the enemy of Ali ' '.                                               

After narrating the narration, Albani says

 

و أخرج عبد الله بن أحمد في " زوائده على المسند " ( 1 / 118 ) عن سعيد بن وهب و زيد بن يثيع قالا : نشد علي الناس في الرحبة : من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول يوم غدير ( خم ) إلا قام ، فقام من قبل سعيد ستة ، و من قبل زيد ستة ، فشهدوا ... الحديث .

و قد مضى في الحديث الرابع الطريق الثانية و الثالثة . و إسناده حسن ، و أخرجه البزار بنحوه و أتم منه .

و للحديث طرق أخرى كثيرة جمع طائفة كبيرة منها الهيثمي في " المجمع " ( 9 / 103 - 108 ) و قد ذكرت و خرجت ما تيسر لي منها مما يقطع الواقف عليها بعد تحقيق الكلام على أسانيدها بصحة الحديث يقينا ، و إلا فهي كثيرة جدا ، و قد استوعبها ابن عقدة في كتاب مفرد ، قال الحافظ ابن حجر : منها صحاح و منها حسان . و جملة القول أن حديث الترجمة حديث صحيح بشطريه ، بل الأول منه متواتر عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم كما ظهر لمن تتبع أسانيده و طرقه ، و ما ذكرت منها كفاية .

 

 

Al-Selselat Al-Sahihat, v 4 p 249, according to the software of Al-Maktab Al-Shamelat

 

Abdullah, the son of Ahmad, has added the book ' ' Mosnad ' '.  It has been narrated that Saeid Bin Vahab and Zeid Bin Yasie have said ' ' Ali swore people ' ' everyone that has heard the Khadir Hadith stand up. Then persons stood up from Saeid Bin Vahab and six persons stood up from Zeid Bin Yase stood up and attested…

 

The fourth Hadith had two ways, the second and the third as this narration was mentioned. Its document is good and Bazar has narrated the same as it more completely.    

 

There are a lot of documents for this narration and a great tribe of scientists have narrated it, for example, Heithami in the book ' ' Majma Al-Zavaed ' '. After researching its documents (cases that have certain documents), I narrated these narrations as much as I could; otherwise, this narration has many ways. Ibn Oghde has mentioned it in a separate book.   

 

Ibn Hajar Asghalani has said about the Khadir Hadith ' ' some narrations of Khadir are valid and some narrations of Khadir are good. In conclusion, both parts of this Hadith are valid. But its first part has been narrated by the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). This is a clear matter for persons that have researched about its document and I mentioned it enough.     

 

 

5. Ahmad Bin Hanbel has said

 

 حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنِى عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ الْقَوَارِيرِىُّ حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ بْنُ أَرْقَمَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ أَبِى زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِى لَيْلَى قَالَ شَهِدْتُ عَلِيًّا فِى الرَّحَبَةِ يَنْشُدُ النَّاسَ أُنْشِدُ اللَّهَ مَنْ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَقُولُ يَوْمَ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ « مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاَهُ فَعَلِىٌّ مَوْلاَهُ ». لَمَّا قَامَ فَشَهِدَ. قَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ فَقَامَ اثْنَا عَشَرَ بَدْرِيًّا كَأَنِّى أَنْظُرُ إِلَى أَحَدِهِمْ فَقَالُوا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّا سَمِعْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَقُولُ يَوْمَ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ « أَلَسْتُ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجِى أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ ». فَقُلْنَا بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ. قَالَ « فَمَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاَهُ فَعَلِىٌّ مَوْلاَهُ اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ مَنْ وَالاَهُ وَعَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ ».

Mosnad Ahmad, v 1 p 119, hadith 973

 

After narrating the narration, Albani says

 

السادسة : عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي ليلى قال : " شهدت عليا رضي الله عنه في الرحبة ينشد الناس .. " . فذكره مثله دون زيادة " و انصر ... " .

أخرجه عبد الله بن أحمد ( 1 / 119 ) من طريق يزيد بن أبي زياد و سماك بن عبيد بن الوليد العبسي عنه . قلت : و هو صحيح بمجموع الطريقين عنه ، و فيهما أن الذين قاموا اثنا عشر . زاد في الأولى : بدريا .

Al-Selselat Al-Sahihat, v 4 p 249, according to the software of Al-Maktab Al-Shamelat

 

The sixth way is from Abd Al-Rahman Bin Abi Leili that said ' ' I attended on the day of Rahabe and Imam Ali (peace be upon him) swore the people…

 

Abdullah, the son of Ahmad Bin Hanbel, has narrated this narration through Yazid Bin Ziyad and Samak Bin Ubeid Bin Valid Isa.

 

My opinion is that this narration is valid with considering both documents. There is this matter in both narrations, twelve persons attested, but this matter has been added in the first narration that all of twelve persons were from Badr. 

 

Good luck

 

The group in charge of answering doubts

Research centre of Hazrat Valiasr



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