Explaining the question:
Questioner 's name: Sayyed Reza Akramiyan
I seek the protection of the Lord from the Satan by the brilliant star
God says in the verse 10 of Sura al-Saffat:
إِلَّا مَنْ خَطِفَ الْخَطْفَةَ فَأَتْبَعَهُ شِهَابٌ ثَاقِبٌ
Except him who snatches a snatch, whereat there pursues him a piercing flame.
Or in Sura al-Tariq he says:
وَالسَّمَاء وَالطَّارِقِ وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ
By the sky, by the nightly visitor,
(And what will show you what is the nightly visitor?
It is the brilliant star):
Who is the remover of the darkness and the brilliant star who doesn’t allow the Satan to climb to the skies?
Does it mean Imam Asr?
The following is an abstract of what the eminent late Allama (scholar) Sayyed Muhammad Hussain Tabatabaei mentions following the verse 18 of Sura Hijr.
Interpreters have mentioned different forms of interpretations which were rejected regarding the development of the science.
Since God’s words in most places illustrate first the reasonable instances and then tangible instances, perhaps God has illustrated the noumenal world like the following.
Explaining of the idea:
1- The sky, in which angels exist to prevent from the entrance of the Satan, is a metaphor for the divine world which is higher in rank than this world. Like the ratio between our earth and our sky.
2- The purpose of Satan’s approaching the sky and entering the divine world of the angels is to learn about the secrets of creation and the future events.
3- The purpose of throwing the brilliant stars is sending the divine materials which are beyond the ability of Satan (the same thing happens to the infidels in the Day of Resurrection when they won 't tolerate the shininess of the prophet (PBUH).
4- The meaning of Satan’s penetration is a kind which is for concealing the right that the angels banish the Satan by declaring the right.
Tafsir al-Mizan vol17 p 124
But there is nothing mentioned about the person who protects this sky. It has just mentioned angels. This is existed in some narrations.
This narration is explicitly mentioned in Tafsir al-Mizan vol 13T p 9 and the creature is known as an angel from the angels.
There is a narration about the brilliant star in the book titled Khesal by al-Sheikh Sadouq p 489, narration number 67, which states: the brilliant star is a star that exists in the seventh sky whose light penetrates in all the skies (the word ثقب means penetration) and this star is attributed to Amir al-Mu 'mineen and the star of the Guardians.
THE BOARD OF ADDRESSING THE RELIGIOUS DOUBTS
THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF VALIASR (HIS HOLINESS IMAM OF THE AGE) MAY GOD PRECIPITATE HIS BLESSING REAPPEARANCE