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Did Umar swear allegiance with Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) in Khadir Khom?
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Did Umar swear allegiance with Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) in Khadir Khom?

The allegiance Of Umar with Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) in Khadir Khom

 

After the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) selected Amir Momenan( peace be upon him) as his caliph and successor and announced it to the public, He ordered people to swear allegiance with Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and to congratulate him his new rank. According to narrations with valid document in the Sunni books, the second caliph was one of persons that came to Amir Al-Momenin (peace be upon him) and congratulated him his new rank.

 

Ghazali, the famous scientist of the sixth century, has written about congratulating the second caliph and his promise, but he forgot it after few days       

واجمع الجماهير على متن الحديث من خطبته في يوم عيد يزحم باتفاق الجميع وهو يقول: « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه » فقال عمر بخ بخ يا أبا الحسن لقد أصبحت مولاي ومولى كل مولى فهذا تسليم ورضى وتحكيم ثم بعد هذا غلب الهوى تحب الرياسة وحمل عمود الخلافة وعقود النبوة وخفقان الهوى في قعقعة الرايات واشتباك ازدحام الخيول وفتح الأمصار وسقاهم كأس الهوى فعادوا إلى الخلاف الأول: فنبذوه وراء ظهورهم واشتروا به ثمناً قليلا.

 

One of sermons of the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) is the sermon of Khadir Khom and all of the Muslims agree unanimously about its content. The messenger of God said ' ' Ali is the master and the guardian of everyone that I used to be his master ' '.  After the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) stated such remarks, he congratulated Amir Momenin (peace be upon him) in this way ' ' O ' Abu Al-Hassan! Congratulation! Congratulation!  You are my master and leader and other persons ' '. This remark of Umar demonstrates that he succumbed against the order of the prophet and the Imamate and the leadership of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and he was satisfied of the selection of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) as the leader of the nation. After days passed, Umar was influenced by his desires and his interest for headship and leadership. Hence, he changed caliphate from its main position and he made discord among the people of the nation and created grounds for ignorant period with leading troops, raising flags and surrounding other realms. In addition, such remark came true

 

          (فنبذوه وراء ظهورهم واشتروا به ثمناً قليلا).

 

They broke their allegiance, but they gained little thing in return and how bad they traded.

                                                                                  

Al-Ghazali, abu Hamed Muhammad Ben Muhammad, Sar Al-Alamin va Kashafa Ma Fi Al-Darin, v 1 p 18, chapter Fi Tartib Al-Khalafat Al-Mamlekat, Researched by: Muhammad Hasan Esmaeel and Ahmad Farid Al-Mazidi, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut/ Lebanon, First Edition, 1424 hejira- 2003

 

A lot of narrations in the Sunni books prove the remark of Ghazalei. We will mention two narrations along with the correction of its document.   

                            

 

The first narration: the narration of Bara Bin Azeb

 

Ahmad Bin Hanbel and a lot of Sunni dignitaries have narrated the story of allegiance with the second caliph

 

حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبي ثنا عَفَّانُ ثنا حَمَّادُ بن سَلَمَةَ أنا عَلِىُّ بن زَيْدٍ عن عَدِىِّ بن ثَابِتٍ (وأبي هارون العبدي) عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بن عَازِبٍ قال كنا مع رسول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم في سَفَرٍ فَنَزَلْنَا بِغَدِيرِ خُمٍّ فنودي فِينَا الصَّلاَةُ جَامِعَةٌ وَكُسِحَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَحْتَ شَجَرَتَيْنِ فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ وَأَخَذَ بِيَدِ علي رضي الله عنه فقال أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ انى أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ من أَنْفُسِهِمْ قالوا بَلَى قال أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ انى أَوْلَى بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ من نَفْسِهِ قالوا بَلَى قال فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِ عَلِىٍّ فقال من كنت مَوْلاَهُ فعلي مَوْلاَهُ اللهم وَالِ من ولاه وَعَادِ من عَادَاهُ قال فَلَقِيَهُ عُمَرُ بَعْدَ ذلك فقال له هنياء يا بن أبي طَالِبٍ أَصْبَحْتَ وَأَمْسَيْتَ مولى كل مُؤْمِنٍ وَمُؤْمِنَةٍ

 

 

Bara Bin Azeb says ' ' we were with the messenger of God in Hajj Al-Veda. After they cleaned under trees, the order of fulfilling the group prayer was issued. Then the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) took the hand of Ali and put it in his right side and said ' ' Am I not better than the believers to themselves? ' ' they said ' ' yes ' '. He said ' ' aren 't my wives your mothers? ' ' they said ' ' yes ' '. He said ' ' Ali is a leader and I am his leader ' '. O ' God! Love anyone that loves Ali and be enemy with everyone that is the enemy of Ali ' '. Umar said ' ' Congratulations to Ali! Now you are my master and leader and all of the believers.     

 

Al-Sheibani, Ahmad Ben Hanbal Abu Abdullah (died in 241 hejira), Mosnad Ahmad Ben Hanbal, v 4 p 281, hadith 18502, Published by: Ghartabat Institute, Egypt

-Hemo: Fazael Al-Sahabat le Ibn Hanbal, v 2 p 596, 1016, v 2 p 610, hadith 1042, Researched by: D. Vasiollah, Muhammad Abbas, Published by: Resalat Institute, Beirut, First Edition, 1403 hejira- 1983

 

-Ibn Abi Sheibe Al-Kufi, Abubakr Abdullah Ben Muhammad (died in 235 hejira), Al-Ketab Al-Mosnef Fi Al-Ahadith Al-Athar, v 6 p 372, hadith 32118, Researched by: Kamal Yusef Al-Howt, Published by: Maktab Al-Roshd, Al-Riyadh, First Edition, 1409 hejira

 

-Al-Ajeri, Abibakr Muhammad Ben Al-Hossein (died in 360 hejira), Al-Shariyat, v 4 p 2051, Researched by: Doctor Abdullah Ben Omar Ben Soleiman Al-Dameiji, Published by: Dar Al-Vatan, Al-Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Second Edition 1420 hejira- 1999

 

-Al-Shajari Al-Jorjani, Al-Morshed BellahYahya Ben Al-Hossein Ben Esmaeel Al-Hasani (died in 499 hejira), Ketab Al-Amali va Hia Al-Marufat bel Amali Al-Khamisiye, v 1 p 190, Researched by: Muhammad Hasan Esmaeel, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut, Lebanon, First Edition, 1422 hejira, 2001

 

-Ibn Asaker Al-Dameshghi Al-Shafei, Abi Al-Ghasem Ali Ben Al-Hasan Ibn Habatollah Ben Abdullah (died in 571 hejira), Tarikh Medina Damascus va Zakara Fazloha Tasmiyat Min Haleha Min Al-Amathel, v 42 p 221, Researched by: Moheb Al-Din Abi Saeed Omar Ben Gharame Al-Omari, Published by: Dar Al-Fekr, Beirut, 1995

 

-Al-Tabari, Abu Jafar Moheb Al-Din Ahmad Ben Abdullah Ben Muhammad (died in 694 hejira), Zakhaer Al-Oghaba Fi Managheb Zol Ghoraba, v 1 p 67, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Mesriye, Egypt

 

-Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Tarikh Al-Eslam Vafiyat Al-Mashahir Al-Alam, v 3 p 632, Researched by: D. Omar Abd Al-Salam Tedmeri, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Arabi, Lebanon/ Beirut, First Edition 1407 hejira- 1987

 

-Ibn Kathir Al-Dameshghi Esmaeel Ben Omar Abu Al-Feda Al-Gharashi (died in 774 hejira), Al-Badayat Al-Nahayat, v 7 p 350, Published by: Maktab Al-Maaref, Beirut

 

-Al-Siuti, Jalal Al-Din Abd Al-Rahman Ben Abibakr (died in 911 hejira), Al-Havi lel Fetavi Fi Al-Feghh va Olum Al-Tafsir Al-Hadith Al-Osul Al-Nahv Al-Arab va Saer Al-Fonun, v 1 p 78, Researched by: Abd Al-Latif Hasan Abd Al-Rahman, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut, First Edition, 1421 hejira- 2000

 

After narrating and explaining this narration, Mola Harevi says

 

(رواه أحمد) أي في مسنده، وأقل مرتبته أن يكون حسنا فلا التفات لمن قدح في ثبوت هذا الحديث

                 

Ahmad has narrated this narration in the book ' ' Mosnad ' '. The least degree of this narration is ' ' Good ' '. Hence, the remark of persons that have found faults in this narration does not have worth paying attention.

 

Mola Ali Al-Ghari, Nur Al-Din Abu Al-Hasan Ali Ben Soltan Muhammad Al-Heravi (died in 1014 hejira), Merghat Al-Mafatih Sharh Meshkat Al-Masabih, v 11 p 78, Researched by: Jamal Eitani, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Lebanon, Beirut, First Edition, 1422 hejira- 2001

 

Analyzing the document of the narration  

 

Efan Bin Mosalam Bin Abdullah Al-Baheli (died in 219 A.H.):

 

He is one of narrators Sahih Bokhari, Moslm, Abu Davud, Al-Termezi, Al-Nasaee and Ibn Maje.

 

Hemad Bin Salame (died in 167 A.H.):

 

He is one of narrators Sahih Bokhari, Moslm, Abu Davud, Al-Termezi, Al-Nasaee and Ibn Maje.

 

Ali Bin Zeid Bin Jodan (died in 131 A.H.):

 

He is one of narrators Sahih Moslm, other Sehah Sete and Bokhari in the book ' ' Adab Al-Mofrad ' '.

 

An Edi Bin Sabet (died in 116 A.H.):  

 

He is one of narrators Sahih Bokhari, Moslm, Abu Davud, Al-Termezi, Al-Nasaee and Ibn Maje.

 

Abi Harun Al-Abdi (died in 134 A.H.): 

 

 

He is one of narrators Sahih Bokhari, Moslm, Abu Davud, Al-Termezi, Al-Nasaee and Ibn Maje.

 

According to the rules of the Sunni scientists, the reliability and the fairness of a person that has narrated narrations in Sahih Bokhari and Moslm is certain as Ibn Hajar Asghalani has written in the book ' ' Fath Al-Bani ' '

 

   وقد نقل بن دقيق العيد عن بن المفضل وكان شيخ والده انه كان يقول فيمن خرج له في الصحيحين هذا جاز القنطرة.

 

Ibn Daghigh Al-Eid narrates a Hadith from Ibn Mafzal that was the master of his father and he said ' ' a person that follows the way of the narrators of Bokhari has passed the bridge.

 

Al-Asghalani Al-Shafei, Ahmad Ben Ali Ben Hajar Abu Al-Fazl (died in 852 hejira), Fatah Al-Bari Sharh Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 13, p 457, Researched by: Moheb Al-Din Al-Khatib, Published by: Dar Al-Marefat, Beirut

 

Ibn Teimie Harrani has said bout Sahih Bokhari and Moslm

 

ولكن جمهور متون الصحيحين متفق عليها بين أئمة الحديث تلقوها بالقبول وأجمعوا عليها وهم يعلمون علما قطعيا أن النبى قالها.

The content of Sahih Bokhari and Moslem is accepted among the leaders of Hadith and all agree unanimously that definitely, Hadiths available in these two books are from the messenger of God.

 

  Al-Horani, Ahmad Ben Abd Al-Halim Ben Teimiye Abu Al-Abbas (died in 728 hejira), Ghaedat Jalilat Fi Al-Tavasol Al-Vasilat, v 1 p 87, Published by: Al-Maktab Al-Eslami, Beirut, Researched by: Zahir Al-Shavish, 1390 hejira- 1970

 

The correction of Al-Bani

 

The document of the mentioned Hadith is the same as the narration of Ibn Maje Ghazvini (from Hemad Bin Salame to Bara Bin Azeb) about Khadir that Muhammad Naser Al-Bani has corrected it in the book ' ' Al-Selsele Al-Sahihe ' '.

 

  Rk: Ibn Maje Al-Ghazvini, Muhammad Ben Yazid (died in 275 hejira), Sonan Ibn Maje, v 1 p 43, hadith 116, chapter Fazle Aliya Ben Abi taleb Raziollah Anho, Researched by: Muhammad Foad Abd Al-Baghi, Published by: Dar Al-Fekr, Beirut

Al-Albani, Muhammad Naser, Sahih Ibn Maje, v 1 p 26, hadith 113, according to the software of Al-Maktabat Al-Shamelat

 

 Some Sunni scientists have claimed

 

وهذا ضعيف فقد نصوا أن على بن زيد وأبا هرون وموسى ضعفاء لايعتمد على روايتهم وفى السند أيضا أبو إسحق وهو شيعى مردود الرواية.

 

This narration is weak and scientists have said clearly that Ali Bin Zeid and Aba Harun are weak and we cannot trust their narrations. There is Abu Ishagh in the document of the narration and he is Shiite and his narration is false.

 

    Al-Alusi Al-Baghdadi Al-Hanafi, Abu Al-Fazl Shahab Al-Din Al-Seyed Mahmud Ben Abdullah (died in 1270 hejira), Ruh Al-Maani Fi Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Azim Al-Sabaa Al-Mathani, v 6 p 194, Published by: Dar Ehya Al-Torath Al-Arabi, Beirut

 

Consequently, this claim has no basis; otherwise, we should ignore a lot of narrations of Bokhari and Moslem and other Sunni Sehah Sete.  

 

The distortion of the narration of Ibn Maje and Abd Al-Razagh

 

Ibn Kasir Dameshghi Selfi narrates this narration in this way

 

 وقال عبد الرزاق: أنا معمر عن علي بن زيد بن جدعان، عن عدي بن ثابت، عن البراء بن عازب قال: خرجنا مع رسول الله حتى نزلنا غدير خم بعث مناديا ينادي، فلما اجتمعا قال: " ألست أولى بكم من أنفسكم؟ قلنا: بلى يا رسول الله ! قال: ألست أولى بكم من أمهاتكم؟ قلنا: بلى يا رسول الله قال: ألست أولى بكم من آبائكم؟ قلنا: بلى يا رسول الله ! قال: ألست ألست ألست؟ قلنا: بلى يا رسول الله قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه " فقال عمر بن الخطاب: هنيئا لك يا ابن أبي طالب أصبحت اليوم ولي كل مؤمن.
وكذا رواه ابن ماجة من حديث حماد بن سلمة عن علي بن زيد وأبي هارون العبدي عن عدي بن ثابت عن البراء به. وهكذا رواه موسى بن عثمان الحضرمي عن أبي إسحاق عن البراء به. وقد روي هذا الحديث عن سعد وطلحة بن عبيد الله وجابر بن عبد الله وله طرق عنه وأبي سعيد الخدري وحبشي بن جنادة وجرير بن عبد الله وعمر بن الخطاب وأبي هريرة.

 

Bara Bin Azeb says ' ' my messenger of God and I left there until we arrived Khadir Khom. The messenger of God sent a person to call me. When the people thronged, the prophet said ' ' amn 't I better than the Muslims to themselves? ' ' They said ' ' yes ' '. He said ' ' amn 't I better than your mothers before you? ' ' they said ' ' yes, O ' the prophet of God! ' '. The prophet said ' ' amn 't I better than your fathers in your opinion? ' ' they said ' ' O ' the messenger of God! It is right ' '. The prophet said ' ' amn 't I better than them? amn 't I better than them? ' ' they said ' ' yes, O ' the messenger of God ' '. Then the prophet said ' ' Ali will be the master of every one that I used to be ' '. O ' God! Love every one that loves Ali and be enemy with every one that is his enemy ' '. Then Umar said ' ' O ' Ali! Congratulations to you. Now you are my master and leader and all of the Muslims ' '. Ibn Maje has narrated this narration from Hemad Bin Salame and he has narrated it from Ali Bin Zeid and he has narrated it from Abi Harun Abdi has narrated it Edi Bin Sabet and he has narrated it from Bara. This Hadith has several ways from Sad (Bin Abi Vaghas), Talhe Bin Ubeidullah and Jaber Bin Abdullah. It has been narrated by Abi Saeid Khodri, Habashi Bin Jonade, Jarir Bin Abdullah, Umar Bin Khatab and Abi Harire.                                                  

                                                                  

Ibn Kathir Al-Dameshghi Esmaeel Ben Omar Abu Al-Feda Al-Gharashi (died in 774 hejira), Al-Badayat Al-Nahayat, v 7 p 350, Published by: Maktab Al-Maaref, Beirut

 

Jalal Al-Din Siuti has narrated this narration from Ibn Maje

 

وأخرج أحمد، وابن ماجه عن البراء بن عازب قال: (كنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلّم في سفر فنزلنا بغدير خم فنودي فينا الصلاة جامعة فصلى الظهر وأخذ بيد علي فقال... فلقيه عمر بعد ذلك فقال له:

(هنيئاً لك يا ابن أبي طالب أصبحت وأمسيت مولى كل مؤمن ومؤمنة).

 

Al-Siuti, Jalal Al-Din Abd Al-Rahman Ben Abibakr (died in 911 hejira), Al-Havi lel Fetavi Fi Al-Feghh va Olum Al-Tafsir Al-Hadith Al-Osul Al-Nahv Al-Arab va Saer Al-Fonun, v 1 p 78, Researched by: Abd Al-Latif Hasan Abd Al-Rahman, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut, First Edition, 1421 hejira- 2000

 

Unfortunately, the sentence

 

« فَلَقِيَهُ عُمَرُ بَعْدَ ذلك فقال له هنياء يا بن أبي طَالِبٍ أَصْبَحْتَ وَأَمْسَيْتَ مولى كل مُؤْمِنٍ وَمُؤْمِنَةٍ»

 

has not been said in current copies of the book ' ' Sonan ' ' of Ibn Maje and it has been omitted.

 

Rk: Ibn Maje Al-Ghazvini, Muhammad Ben Yazid (died in 275 hejira), Sonan Ibn Maje, v 1 p 43, hadith 116, chapter Fazle Aliya Ben Abi taleb Raziollah Anho, Researched by: Muhammad Foad Abd Al-Baghi, Published by: Dar Al-Fekr, Beirut

 

After narrating this narration, Zahabi has said

 

 ورواه عبد الرزاق، عن معمر، عن علي بن زيد

 

We did not find this narration in the book ' ' Mosnef ' ' of Abd Al-Razagh. Of course, Abd Al-Razagh may have narrated it in another book and Ibn Kasir and Zahabi have narrated it. 

 

The second narration: the narration of Abu Harire

                            

Khatib Baghdadi has written about the translation of Habshun Bin Musa

 

أنبأنا عبد الله بن علي بن محمد بن بشران أنبأنا علي بن عمر الحافظ حدثنا أبو نصر حبشون بن موسى بن أيوب الخلال حدثنا علي بن سعيد الرملي حدثنا ضمرة بن ربيعة القرشي عن بن شوذب عن مطر الوراق عن شهر بن حوشب عن أبي هريرة قال:
من صام يوم ثمان عشرة من ذي الحجة كتب له صيام ستين شهرا وهو يوم غدير خم لما أخذ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بيد علي بن أبي طالب فقال ألست ولي المؤمنين قالوا بلى يا رسول الله قال من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه.
فقال عمر بن الخطاب بخ بخ لك يا بن أبي طالب أصبحت مولاي ومولى كل مسلم فأنزل الله اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم.
اشتهر هذا الحديث من رواية حبشون وكان يقال إنه تفرد به وقد تابعه عليه أحمد بن عبد الله بن النيري فرواه عن علي بن سعيد أخبرنيه الأزهري حدثنا محمد بن عبد الله بن أخي ميمي حدثنا أحمد بن عبد الله بن أحمد بن العباس بن سالم بن مهران المعروف بابن النيري إملاء حدثنا علي بن سعيد الشامي حدثنا ضمرة بن ربيعة عن بن شوذب عن مطر عن شهر بن حوشب عن أبي هريرة قال من صام يوم ثمانية عشر من ذي الحجة وذكر مثل ما تقدم أو نحوه.
ومن صام يوم سبعة وعشرين من رجب كتب له صيام ستين شهرا وهو أول يوم نزل جبريل عليه السلام على محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم بالرسالة.

 

It has been narrated that Abu Harire said ' ' if a person fasts in the eighteenth day  of Zi Haje, the reward of sixty months will be written for him or her. This day is called the day of Khadir Khom. On that day, the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) took the hand of Ali and said ' ' amn 't I the leader of the Muslims? ' ' they said ' ' of course, you are ' '. He said ' ' Ali is the master of everyone that I used to be ' '. Umar Said ' ' O ' the son of Abu Taleb! Congratulations! Congratulations! Now you are my master and the master of each Muslim. Then this verse was descended ' ' today I have completed your religion ' '. This Hadith has been known as the narration of Habshun and it has been said that only he has narrated this narration whereas Ahmad Bin Abdullah has narrated this from Ali Saeid and he has narrated this from Abi Harire.

 

Al-Khatib Al-Baghdadi, Ahmad Ben Ali Abubakr (died in 463 hejira), Tarikh Baghdadi, v 8 p 289, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut

 

Al-Shajari Al-Jorjani (died in 499 A.H) in the book ' ' Al-Amali ' ' with this document in three sections of his book and Ibn Asaker in the book ' ' Tarikh Medina Damascus ' ' have narrated this narration

 

 Al-Shajari Al-Jorjani, Al-Morshed BellahYahya Ben Al-Hossein Ben Esmaeel Al-Hasani (died in 499 hejira), Ketab Al-Amali va Hia Al-Marufat bel Amali Al-Khamisiye, v 1 p 192, v 1 p 343, v 2 p 102, Researched by: Muhammad Hasan Esmaeel, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut, Lebanon, First Edition, 1422 hejira, 2001

 

Analyzing the document of the narration

 

Abdullah Bin Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Boshran:

 

He is the master of Khatib Baghdadi and he is reliable as Zahabi has said about him

 

عبد الله بن عليّ بن محمد بن عبد الله بن بشران البغدادي الشاهد... قال الخطيب: كان سماعه صحيحاً. وتوفي في شوال.

 

Abdullah Bin Ali … Khatib has said about him ' ' whatever we have heard from him was correct. He passed away in the month of Sheval.

 

  Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Tarikh Al-Eslam Vafiyat Al-Mashahir Al-Alam, v 29 p 264, Researched by: D. Omar Abd Al-Salam Tedmeri, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Arabi, Lebanon/ Beirut, First Edition 1407 hejira- 1987

 

Al-Baghdadi, Ahmad Ben Ali Abubakr Al-Khatib (died in 463 hejira), Tarikh Baghdad, v 10 p 14, no 5130, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut

 

Ali Bin Umar Al-Hafez:

 

Ali Bin Umar is the same famous Dar Ghatani and the writer of the book ' ' Sonan ' ' and there is no doubt about his reliability as Zahabi has said about him

 

قال أبو بكر الخطيب كان الدارقطني فريد عصره وقريع دهره ونسيج وحده وامام وقته انتهى اليه علو الاثر والمعرفة بعلل الحديث واسماء الرجال مع الصدق والثقة وصحة الإعتقاد والاضطلاع من علوم سوى الحديث منها القراءات.

 

Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Seir Alam Al-Nobala, v 16 p 452, Researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt, Muhammad Naeem Al-Araghsusi, Published by: Resalat Institut, Beirut, Ninth Edition, 1413 hejira

 

Abu Nasr Habshun Bin Musa Bin Ayub Al-Khalal:

 

Zahabi has said about him

 

 

حبشون بن موسى بن أيوب الشيخ أبو نصر البغدادي الخلال... وكان أحد الثقات.

 

Habshun Bin Musa was one of reliable persons.

 

 Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Seir Alam Al-Nobala, v 15 p 317, Researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt, Muhammad Naeem Al-Araghsusi, Published by: Resalat Institut, Beirut, Ninth Edition, 1413 hejira

 

Khatib Baghdadi has said about him

 

وكان ثقة يسكن باب البصرة

Habshun was reliable and lived in Baser.

 

Al-Baghdadi, Ahmad Ben Ali Abubakr Al-Khatib (died in 463 hejira), Tarikh Baghdad, v 8 p 289, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut

 

After narrating the narration, Ekmal has narrated another narration and has said

 

الأزهري أنبأنا علي بن عمر الحافظ قال حبشون بن موسى بن أيوب الخلال صدوق....

 

Ali Bin Umar Al-Hafez has said ' ' Habshun Bin Musa is honest ' '.

 

Tarikh Baghdad, v 8 p 4391

 

Ali Bin Saeid Al-Remeli:

 

Zahabi has said about him

 

علي بن أبي حملة شيخ ضمرة بن ربيعة ما علمت به بأسا ولا رأيت أحدا الآن تكلم فيه وهو صالح الأمر ولم يخرج له أحد من أصحاب الكتب الستة مع ثقته.

 

Al-Khatib Al-Baghdadi, Ahmad Ben Ali Abubakr (died in 463 hejira), Tarikh Baghdadi, v 8 p 289, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut

 

 

Zamre Bin Rabie Al-Gharshi:

 

Zahabi has said about him

 

ضمرة بن ربيعة. الإمام الحافظ القدوة محدث فلسطين أبو عبد الله الرملي...
روى عبد الله بن أحمد بن حنبل عن أبيه قال ضمرة رجل صالح صالح الحديث من الثقات المأمونين لم يكن بالشام رجل يشبهه هو أحب إلينا من بقية بقية كان لا يبالي عمن حدث وقال ابن معين والنسائي ثقة.
وقال أبو حاتم صالح قال آدم بن أبي إياس ما رأيت أحدا أعقل لما يخرج من رأسه من ضمرة 
وقال ابن سعد كان ثقة مأمونا خيرا لم يكن هناك أفضل منه ثم قال مات في أول رمضان سنة اثنتين ومئتين .
وقال أبو سعيد بن يونس كان فقيههم في زمانه مات في رمضان سنة اثنتين ومئتين

 

Zamre Bin Rabie was a leader, a Hafez and the Mohades of Palestine. Abdullah Bin Ahmad has narrated that his father said ' ' Zamre was a good-natured man and he was a righteous person in narrating Hadith. He was one of reliable persons and there was no one like him in Sham. In my opinion, he was more beloved than persons that did not care about from who they narrated. Ibn Moein and Nasaee have said ' ' he was reliable ' '. Abu Hatem has said ' ' he was a right person ' '. Adem Bin Eyas has said ' ' I have never seen a wiser person than him in whatever is extracted from his mind (thought and idea). Ibn Sad has said ' ' he was a good and reliable person and there is no one better than him here ' '. Abu Saeid Bin Yunes has said ' ' he was a jurisprudent in his time ' '.

 

Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Seir Alam Al-Nobala, v 9 p 106, Researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt, Muhammad Naeem Al-Araghsusi, Published by: Resalat Institut, Beirut, Ninth Edition, 1413 hejira

 

Abdullah Bin Shuzeb:

 

عبد الله بن شوذب. البلخي ثم البصري الإمام العالم أبو عبد الرحمن نزيل بيت المقدس... وثقه أحمد بن حنبل وغيره. قال أبو عمير بن النحاس حدثنا كثير بن الوليد قال كنت إذا رأيت ابن شوذب ذكرت الملائكة. قال أبو عامر العقدي سمعت الثوري يقول كان ابن شوذب عندنا ونحن نعده من ثقات مشايخنا وقال يحيى بن معين كان ثقة.

 

Abdullah Bin Shuzeb was a leader and a scientist. Ahamd Bin Hanbel and others have Tosikh him. Abu Amir Nahas has said ' ' Kasir Bin Valid said ' ' whenever I see Ibn Shuzeb, I remember angels. Abu Amer Aghdi has said ' ' I heard that Suri said ' ' Ibn Shuzeb was with us and we considered him as our reliable masters ' '. Yahya Bin Moein has said ' ' he was reliable ' '.

 

   Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Seir Alam Al-Nobala, v 7 p 92, Researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt, Muhammad Naeem Al-Araghsusi, Published by: Resalat Institut, Beirut, Ninth Edition, 1413 hejira

 

Ibn Hajar Asghalani says

 

عبد الله بن شوذب الخراساني أبو عبد الرحمن سكن البصرة ثم الشام صدوق عابد من السابعة.

 

Abdullah Bin Shuzeb Khorasani lived in Basra and then he moved to Sham. He was an honest person, worshiped a lot and was Mohades in the seventh rank.

 

Al-Asghalani Al-Shafei, Ahmad Ben Ali Ben Hajar Abu Al-Fazl (died in 852 hejira), Taghrib Al-Tahzib, v 1 p 3386, no 3387, Researched by: Muhammad Avame, Published by: Dar Al-Rashid, Syria, First Edition, 1406- 1986

   

Matar Al-Varagh:

 

Zahabi has said about him

 

 

مطر الوراق. الإمام الزاهد الصادق أبو رجاء بن طهمان الخراساني نزيل البصرة مولى علباء بن أحمر اليشكري كان من العلماء العاملين وكان يكتب المصاحف ويتقن ذلك

 

Matar Al-Varagh was an honest and pious leader. He was originally from Khorasan and lived in Basra. He was a qualified scientist and one of writers of the Quran and he did it properly.       

Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Seir Alam Al-Nobala, v 5 p 452, Researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt, Muhammad Naeem Al-Araghsusi, Published by: Resalat Institut, Beirut, Ninth Edition, 1413 hejira

 

And he has said in his another book

 

  فمطر من رجال مسلم حسن الحديث

 

Moslem has narrated narrations from him in the book ' ' Sahih ' ' and he is one of scientists of this book and his narrations are good.

 

 Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Mizan Al-Etedal Fi Naghd Al-Rejal, v 6 p 445, Researched by: Al-Sheikh Ali Muhammad Moavez and Al-Sheikh Adel Ahmad Abd Al-Mojud, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie, Beirut, First Edition, 1995

 

Shahr Bin Husheb:

 

 Shahr Bin Husheb is one of narrators of Sahih Moslem and there is no question in his reliability as Zahabi says about him in the book ' ' Tarikh Al-Eslam ' '

 

قال حرب الكرماني: قلت لأحمد بن حنبل: شهر بن حوشب، فوثقه وقال: ما أحسن حديثه. وقال حنبل: سمعت أبا عبد الله يقول: شهر ليس به بأس. قال الترمذي: قال محمد يعني البخاري: شهر حسن الحديث، وقوى أمره.

Shahr Bin Husheb has no problem, his Hadith is good and his job is permanent.

 

Al-Zahabi Al-Shafei, Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Tarikh Al-Eslam Vafiyat Al-Mashahir Al-Alam, v 6 p 387, Researched by: D. Omar Abd Al-Salam Tedmeri, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Arabi, Lebanon/ Beirut, First Edition 1407 hejira- 1987

 

 

After narrating a narration that includes Shahr Bin Husheb in its document, Termezi has said  

 

وَسَأَلْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بن إسماعيل عن شَهْرِ بن حَوْشَبٍ فَوَثَّقَهُ وقال إنما يَتَكَلَّمُ فيه بن عَوْنٍ ثُمَّ رَوَى بن عَوْنٍ عن هِلَالِ بن أبي زَيْنَبَ عن شَهْرِ بن حَوْشَبٍ قال أبو عِيسَى هذا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ.

 

Bokhari Tosikh Shahr Bin Ashub and considered his narration good and valid.

 

Al-Termezi Al-Salami, Muhammad Ben Isa Abu Isa (died in 279 hejira), Sonan Al-Termezi, v 4 p 434, Researched by: Ahmad Muhammad Shaker Vakheroon, Published by: Dar Ehya Al-Torath Al-Arabi, Beirut

 

Ajali has written in the book ' ' Marafe Al-Saghat ' '

 

شهر بن حوشب شامي تابعي ثقة

 

Shahr Bin Husheb was from Sham and one of followers and he was reliable. 

 

Al-Ajali, Abi Al-Hasan Ahmad Ben Abdullah Ben Saleh (died in 261 hejira), Marefat Al-Theghat Min Rejal Ahl Al-Elm Al-Hadith va Min Al-Zoafa va Zakara Mazahebehom va Akhbarehom, v 1 p 461, no 741, Researched by: Abd Al-Alim Abd Al-Azim Al-Bastavi, Published by: Maktab Al-Dar, Al-Medina, Saudi Arabia, First Edition, 1405-1985

 

Consequently, the document of this narration is completely valid and there are no faults in them.

 

Conclusion

 

The congratulation of people and the second caliph proves that the meaning of the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) from       was the guardianship and Imamate of «من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه»       the sentence

 

Amir Momenan (peace be upon him) not his affection and loving him because if his purpose had been to love him, it would not have been necessary to congratulate. In addition, the second caliph says ' ' you have been appointed as our master ' '. It has been said in the narration of Ibn Kasir Dameshghi ' ' you have been appointed as the guardian of each believer ' '. However, loving all of believers is one of necessities that was descended before it and it was one of certainties. If we consider the word ' ' guardian ' ' as affection and friendship, this meaning will come to the mind that Umar says ' ' we have not been friend with you so far and you have been friend with us from now on ' '. Can the Sunni scientists accept this matter? Consequently, there is no way out that Khadir Hadith should be considered as meaning ' ' Imamate and caliphate ' '.        

 

Good luck

 

The group in charge of answering doubts

                                                                                                              

Research centre of Hazrat Valiasr

                                    

                                                                                                                      



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