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The Overview to the position of hadrat “ma’sumah” [AS]
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The Overview to the position of hadrat “ma’sumah” [AS]

The Overview to the position of hadrat “ma’sumah” [AS]

Preface:

Hadrat “Ma’sumah” is the daughter of seventh Imam of Shias. Other than family dignity, she has many individual virtues. Sheikh “Abbas Qomi” writes: according to what we reached to, she’s the supreme daughter of Imam “Kazim” [AS], known as Hadrat “Ma’sumah”.

Qomi, sheikh abbas, Muntaha al-Amal, p 975

In this writing, we present a brief of the virtues of Hadrat “Ma’sumah” [AS]

First virtue: heaven is the reward of the pilgrims of Hadrat “ma’sumah” [AS]

According to some narratives, if someone pilgrims Hadar “Ma’sumah” with knowledge, heaven is his/her reward. And based on some of these narratives, not only her pilgrim deserves going to heaven but they’ll absolutely go to paradise.

First narrative [valid document]

  حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَى بْنِ الْمُتَوَكِّلِ رَضِي اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالا حَدَّثَنَا عَلِي بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَسَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع عَنْ زِيارَةِ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ ع فَقَالَ مَنْ‏ زَارَهَا فَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ.

Sa’d ibn Sa’d” says: I asked Imam “Reza” [AS] about pilgrimaging the grave of “Fatimah” the daughter of “Musa ibn Ja’far” [in the province of Qom”, he said? Anyone who pilgrims her will go to paradise.

Al-Qomi, Abi Ja’far Saduq, Oyoun Akhbar Al-Ridha, v 1, p 299

Second narrative:

حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي وَ أَخِي وَ الْجَمَاعَةُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِدْرِيسَ وَ غَيرِهِ عَنِ الْعَمْرَكِي بْنِ عَلِي الْبُوفَكِي عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنِ ابْنِ الرِّضَا ع قَالَمَنْ زَارَ قَبْرَ عَمَّتِي بِقُمَ‏ فَلَهُ‏ الْجَنَّة.

It’s been narrated of Imam “Javad” [AS]: anyone pilgrims my aunt in “Qom”, his reward is paradise.

Al-Qomi, Abi Al-Qasim Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Qulavayh, Kamil Al-ziyarat, p 536

Third narrative:

تَارِيخُ قُمَّ لِلْحُسَينِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْقُمِّي بِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنِ الصَّادِقِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ لِلَّهِ حَرَماً وَ هُوَ مَكَّةُ وَ لِرَسُولِهِ حَرَماً وَ هُوَ الْمَدِينَةُ وَ لِأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ حَرَماً وَ هُوَ الْكُوفَةُ وَ لَنَا حَرَماً وَ هُوَ قُمُّ وَ سَتُدْفَنُ فِيهِ امْرَأَةٌ مِنْ وُلْدِي تُسَمَّى فَاطِمَةَ مَنْ زَارَهَا وَجَبَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ. وَ بِسَنَدٍ آخَرَ عَنْهُ ع‏ أَنَّ زِيارَتَهَا تَعْدِلُ الْجَنَّة.

“Husayn ibn Muhammad Qomi” has narrated from Imam Sadiq [AS] in the book “history of Qom”: indeed there’s a shrine for God and that’s “Mecca”, and there’s shrine for Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and that’s “Medina” and there’s shrine for commander of faithful [AS] and that’s “Kufah” and there’s shrine for us “Ahl al-Bayt” and that’s “Qom”. Indeed a lady from my children is buried there whose name is “Fatimah”, anyone who pilgrims her, will definitely go to paradise.

“Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Qomi”, history of Qom, p 215/ al-Majlisi, bihar al-Anvar, v 99, p 267

Fourth narrative:

رَأَيتُ فِي بَعْضِ كُتُبِ الزِّيارَاتِ حَدَّثَ عَلِي بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ‏ عَنْ سَعْدٍ عَنْ عَلِي بْنِ مُوسَى الرِّضَا ع قَالَ قَالَيا سَعْدُ عِنْدَكُمْ لَنَا قَبْرٌ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَبْرُ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ مُوسَى ع قَالَ نَعَمْ مَنْ زَارَهَا عَارِفاً بِحَقِّهَا فَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ ..

Allamah “Majlisi” says: I’ve seen in books that “Ali ibn Ibraham” has quoted from his father and him from “Sa’ad” and him from “Imam Reza” [AS] that Imam “Reza” said: O Sa’ad; there’s a grave from us “Ahl al-Bayt” with you [peole]. I said: may my soul be sacrificed for you, do you mean the grave of “Fatimah” the daughter of Imam “Kazim” [AS]? He said: yes I do, anyone who pilgrims her with knowledge, paradise is his reward.

Al-majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Bihar Al-Anvar, v 99, p 266

Second virtue:

According to some narratives, Hadrat “Ma’sumah” has the position of “Intercession”. It seems like that previews narratives that would say that pilgrimaging her is as equal as paradise, can prove this matter, it means her intercession for her pilgrims makes them entering paradise. Of course that doesn’t mean that her intercession is just for her pilgrims but her pilgrims are in priority.

The intercession of Hadrat “Ma’sumah” [AS] is in some narratives:

1: the well-known praying book of Hadrat “Ma’sumah”.

Allamah “Majlisi” says: the text of this praying book is written in some major praying books by “Ali ibn Ibrahim” who’s quoted from his father “Ibrahim ibn Hashim” and him from “Sa’d” and him from Imam “Reza” [AS]:

رَأَيتُ فِي بَعْضِ كُتُبِ الزِّيارَاتِ حَدَّثَ عَلِي بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ‏ عَنْ سَعْدٍ عَنْ عَلِي بْنِ مُوسَى الرِّضَا ع قَالَ قَالَيا سَعْدُ عِنْدَكُمْ لَنَا قَبْرٌ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَبْرُ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ مُوسَى ع قَالَ نَعَمْ مَنْ زَارَهَا عَارِفاً بِحَقِّهَا فَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَإِذَا أَتَيتَ الْقَبْرَ فَقُمْ عِنْدَ رَأْسِهَا مُسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةِ وَ كَبِّرْ أَرْبَعاً وَ ثَلَاثِينَ تَكْبِيرَةً وَ سَبِّحْ ثَلَاثاً وَ ثَلَاثِينَ تَسْبِيحَةً وَ احْمَدِ اللَّهَ ثَلَاثاً وَ ثَلَاثِينَ تَحْمِيدَةً ثُمَّ قُلِ ... يا فَاطِمَةُ اشْفَعِي لِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَإِنَّ لَكِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ شَأْناً مِنَ الشَّأْنِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَخْتِمَ لِي بِالسَّعَادَةِ فَلَا تَسْلُبَ مِنِّي مَا أَنَا فِيهِ وَ لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ الْعَلِي الْعَظِيمِ اللَّهُمَّ اسْتَجِبْ لَنَا وَ تَقَبَّلْهُ بِكَرَمِكَ وَ عِزَّتِكَ وَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ وَ عَافِيتِكَ وَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ وَ سَلَّمَ تَسْلِيماً يا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

I saw in some praying books “Ali ibn Ibrahim” has narrated from his father and him from “Sa’ad” and him from Imam “Reza” [AS] that imam “Reza” [AS] said: O “Sa’ad”; there is a grave from us “Ahl al-Bayt” with you [people]. I said: do you mean the grave of “Fatimah” [AS] the daughter of Imam “Kazim” [AS]? He said: yes I do, anyone who pilgrims her with knowledge, paradise is his/her reward. When you go at her grave, stand above her head towards “Qiblah” and say “Allah Akbar” 34 times, “Subhan Allah” 33 times and “Al-Hamd lellah” 33 times. Then say:… O “Ftimah” [ma’sumah] intercede for me going to heaven, indeed you have big dignity and with god. God; I ask you to make me having good ending and don’t get me my [faith and beliefs].” لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ الْعَلِي الْعَظِيمِ”. God grant our prayers and accept them from us. God salute on Muhammad and [PBUHH] his dynasty [Ahl

al-Bayt]. يا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِين

Al-majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Bihar Al-Anvar, v 99, p 266

2: narrative from Imam “Sadiq” [AS]

“Nur Allah Shushtari” writes in the book “Malis al-Mu’menin” from Imam “Sadiq” [AS]:

روي عن الصادق عليه السلام أنه قال : إن لله حرما وهو مكة ، ألا إن لرسول الله حرما وهو المدينة ، ألا وإن لأمير المؤمنين حرما وهو الكوفة ، ألا وإن قم الكوفة الصغيرة . ألا إن للجنة ثمانية أبواب ثلاثة منها إلى قم ، تقبض فيها امرأة من ولدي اسمها فاطمة بنت موسى ، وتدخل بشفاعتها شيعتي الجنة بأجمعهم.

It’s been narratd from Imam “Sadiq” [AS] indeed there’s a shrine for God and that’s “Mecca”, and there’s shrine for Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and that’s “Medina” and there’s shrine for commander of faithful [AS] and that’s “Kufah”. Be aware, “Qom” is my small “Kufah”. Paradise has 8 doors that three of them are opened towards “Qom”, a lady from my children will die on that land named “Fatimah” the daughter of “Musa ibn Ja’far” , with her intercession, all my Shiites will enter paradise.

Qazi Nurullah Shustari, Majalis al-Mu’menin, v 1, p 168

Third virtue: being narrator

The name of Hadrat “Ma’sumah” [AS] has adorned the document of some of narratives. Narratives that have been collected from her in resources are about belief issues, and particularly regarding to the Imamate of commander of faithful [AS] and introducing the high position of “Ahl al-Bayt” and their companions.

1: Hadiths of “Ghadir and dignity”

[رواية ست فواطم إحداهن عن الأخرى] أخبرنا ابن عم والدي القاضي أبو القاسم عبدالواحد بن محمد بن عبدالواحد المديني بقراءتي عليه في منزلي هنا أنبأنا ظفر بن راعي العلوي باستراباذا أنبأنا والدي وأبو أحمد بن مطرف المطرفي قالا أنبأنا أبو سعد الإدريسي إجازة فيما أخرجه في تاريخ استراباذ حدثني محمد بن الحسن الرشيدي من ولد هارون الرشيد بسمرقند وما كتبناه إلا عنه حدثنا أبو الحسن محمد بن جعفر الحلواني حدثنا علي بن محمد بن جعفر الأهوازي مولى الرشيد حدثنا بكر بن أحمد البصري حدثتنا فاطمة بنت علي بن موسى الرضى حدثتني فاطمة وزينب وأم كلثوم بنات موسى بن جعفر قلن حدثتنا فاطمة بنت جعفر بن محمد الصادق قالت حدثتني فاطمة بنت محمد بن علي حدثتني فاطمة بنت علي بن الحسين حدثتني فاطمة وسكينة ابنتا الحسين بن علي عن أم كلثوم بنت فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلي الله عليه و آله  قالت: أنسيتم قول رسول الله صلي الله عليه و آله يوم غدير خم من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه وقوله عليه السلام لعلي أنت مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى عليهما السلام.

With his series of document, author quotes from…. Hadrat “Ma’sumah”, “Zeynab” and “Umm Kulthum” the daughters of Imam “Kazim” [AS] have quoted from “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Sadiq” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” daughter of imam “Baqir” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Sajjad” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” and “Sakinah” daughters of Imam “Husain” [AS] and them from “Umm Kultum” daughter of “Fatimah” [AS] and her from her mother “Fatimah” [AS] who said: did you forget what Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] said in “Ghadir Khumm”?: anyone who I’m his lord , “Ali” is his lord. And his another talk to “Ali” [AS]: to me you’re like “Aarun” for “Muses.

Nuzhat al-Huffaz, v 1, p 101, author: Muhammad ibn Umar al-esbahani  abu musa

Second: the friendship of the dynasty of Muhammad [PBUH]

اللؤلؤة المثنية في الآثار المعنعنة المروية: روى السيد محمّد الغماري الشافعي في كتابه: عن فاطمة بنت الحسين الرضوي عن فاطمة بنت محمّد الرضوي عن فاطمة بنت إبراهيم الرضوي عن فاطمة بنت الحسن الرضوي عن فاطمة بنت محمّد الموسوي عن فاطمة بنت عبد اللّه العلوي عن فاطمة بنت الحسن الحسيني عن فاطمة بنت أبي هاشم الحسيني عن فاطمة بنت محمّد بن احمد بن موسى المبرقع عن فاطمة بنت أحمد بن موسى المبرقع عن فاطمة بنت موسى المبرقع عن فاطمة بنت الامام أبي الحسن الرضا عليه السّلام عن فاطمة بنت موسى بن جعفر عليهما السّلام عن فاطمة بنت الصادق جعفر بن محمّد عليهما السّلام عن فاطمة بنت الباقر محمّد بن علي عليهما السّلام عن فاطمة بنت السجاد علي بن الحسين زين العابدين عليه السّلام عن فاطمة بنت أبي عبد اللّه الحسين عليه السّلام عن زينب بنت أمير المؤمنين عليه السّلام عن فاطمة بنت رسول اللّه صلّى اللّه عليه و آله، قالت: قال رسول اللّه صلّى اللّه عليه و آله: «ألا من مات على حب آل محمد مات شهيدا

“Amari Shafi’I” has quoted in his book from ………“Fatimah” daughter of “Ahmad Musa Mubaqa’” has quoted from “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Reza” [AS] and her from “Hadrat “Fatimah Ma’sumah” daughter of Imam Kazim [AS] and from “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Sadiq” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Baqir” [AS] and ……. “Zeynab” daughter of Imam “Ali” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” [AS] daughter of prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and her from her father who said: anyone who dies while liking the dynasty [ahl al-Bayt] of prophet [PBUH] is dead as martyr.

Third: the virtues of the Shias of Imam “Ali” [AS]

بُ الْمُسَلْسَلَاتِ] حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِي بْنِ الْحُسَينِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ زِيادِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْعَلَوِي الْعُرَيضِي قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَلِيلٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَلِي بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْأَهْوَازِي قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي بَكْرُ بْنُ أَحْنَفَ قَالَ حَدَّثَتْنَا فَاطِمَةُ بِنْتُ عَلِي بْنِ مُوسَى الرِّضَا ع قَالَتْ حَدَّثَتْنِي فَاطِمَةُ وَ زَينَبُ وَ أُمُّ كُلْثُومٍ بَنَاتُ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ ع قُلْنَ حَدَّثَتْنَا فَاطِمَةُ بِنْتُ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ ع قَالَتْ حَدَّثَتْنِي فَاطِمَةُ بِنْتُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِي ع قَالَتْ حَدَّثَتْنِي فَاطِمَةُ بِنْتُ عَلِي بْنِ الْحُسَينِ ع قَالَتْ حَدَّثَتْنِي فَاطِمَةُ وَ سُكَينَةُ ابْنَتَا الْحُسَينِ بْنِ عَلِي ع عَنْ أُمِّ كُلْثُومٍ بِنْتِ عَلِي ع عَنْ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص يقُولُ‏ لَمَّا أُسْرِي بِي إِلَى السَّمَاءِ دَخَلْتُ الْجَنَّةَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِقَصْرٍ مِنْ دُرَّةٍ بَيضَاءَ مُجَوَّفَةٍ وَ عَلَيهَا بَابٌ مُكَلَّلٌ بِالدُّرِّ وَ الْياقُوتِ وَ عَلَى الْبَابِ سِتْرٌ فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَإِذَا مَكْتُوبٌ عَلَى الْبَابِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ‏ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ عَلِي وَلِي الْقَوْمِ وَ إِذَا مَكْتُوبٌ عَلَى السِّتْرِ بَخْ بَخْ مِنْ‏ مِثْلِ‏ شِيعَةِ عَلِي‏ فَدَخَلْتُهُ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِقَصْرٍ مِنْ عَقِيقٍ أَحْمَرَ مُجَوَّفٍ وَ عَلَيهِ بَابٌ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ مُكَلَّلٍ بِالزَّبَرْجَدِ الْأَخْضَرِ وَ إِذَا عَلَى الْبَابِ سِتْرٌ فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَإِذَا مَكْتُوبٌ عَلَى الْبَابِ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ عَلِي وَصِي الْمُصْطَفَى ...

With his series of document, author quotes from…. “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Reza” [AS] has quoted from Hadrat “Ma’sumah”, “Zeynab” and “Umm Kulthum” the daughters of Imam “Kazim” [AS] and them from “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Sadiq” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” daughter of imam “Baqir” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” daughter of Imam “Sajjad” [AS] and her from “Fatimah” and “Sakinah” daughters of Imam “Husain” [AS] and them from “Umm Kultum” daughter of “Ali” [AS] and her from her mother “Fatimah” [AS] who said: my father Muhammad [PBUH]: at the night that I was taken to “Mi’raj”, I entered paradise, I saw a house made of white Ruby .that house had a door covered with ruby with a curtain on it. When I raised my head I saw this sentence above the door: there’s no god but “Allah”, Muhammad is the messenger of god and “Ali” is the lord of [Muslims] tribe.” it’d written on curtain: bravo, who’s like the Shias of “Ali”. When I entered the house, I saw a castle made of red agitate that its middle was empty, this house had a door with curtain made of chrysolite hung on the door. When I raised my head and saw this sentence on top of it: “Muhammad is the messenger of God, “Ali” is the successor …

Conclusion

Above issues were some of endless virtues of Hadrat “Ma’sumah” [AS].

 



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