Wednesday 26 October 2016
Did the prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and the Commander of Faithful [AS] wiped in wudu like Shiites?
ID: 366 Publish Date: 16 May 2016 - 11:45 Count Views: 408
Question & Answer » Shia beliefs
Did the prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and the Commander of Faithful [AS] wiped in wudu like Shiites?


Translated by: mohammad hassan heidari

 Questioner: Jaber Hoseini

one of the different cases between Shiite and Sunni is the quality of performing wudu. like: wiping feet or washing it . I want you to make it clear that whether Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] Commander of Faithful [AS] would perform wudu like Shiite or Sunni?

 I 'd appreciate if you search about Sunni 's reliable hadiths to make this matter clear for adolescents like me


The verse of ablution in Holly Quran has expressed clearly how to perform wudu .some of sunni scholars like: Ibn hazm, have emphasized that Quran 's decree is " wiping" and at the bottom of  the verse of wudu, they have quoted the method of great companions like:

Commander of faithful, ibn abbas and some other one who believed in touching


 it 's written in Sunni resources like: “musnad Ahmad” ibn hanbal, “al,mosannaf Ibn abi sheibah, “sunan ibn maje and some of their other resources that Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and Commander of faithful, would touch their head and hands. so, Shiite 's wudu

is in accordance with their[ prophet’s and Ali[AS] methods and traditions. These narrations have been confirmed by Sunni scholars

 some other narrations witch are opposing this issue: whether their documents have problem or they can 't stand against Holy Quran and valid narrations when it comes to opposition. and the act of companions shows the invalidity of these opposing narrations.


"wudu" is one of the  important obligations in Islam. performing the obligation of prayer without "Wudu" or its substitute [ tayamum , ghosl ]  is not correct and won 't be accepted by god almighty.

يا أَيُّهَا الَّذينَ آمَنُوا إِذا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَ أَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرافِقِ وَ امْسَحُوا بِرُؤُسِكُمْ وَ أَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ وَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُباً فَاطَّهَّرُوا وَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضى‏ أَوْ عَلى‏ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغائِطِ أَوْ لامَسْتُمُ النِّساءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا ماءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعيداً طَيِّباً فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَ أَيْديكُمْ مِنْهُ ما يُريدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ حَرَجٍ وَ لكِنْ يُريدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَ لِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ (مائده/6)

O ye who believe! When ye rise up for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your heads and your feet up to the ankles. And if ye are unclean, purify  yourselves. And if ye are sick or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have had contact with women, and ye find not water, then go to clean, high ground  and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Allah would not place a burden on you, but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you, that ye may give thanks

there is difference between Muslims in how to perform Wudu. one of these differences is how to  touch or wash our feet

the view of Shiite according to this verse and valid narrations from prophet Muhammad [pbuh] and Ahl Al-bayt [as] is this that, feet must be touched , because  this sentence [wash your faces and your hands up to the elbow ] is the factor of the word [feet] and the word [ feet] refers to the word [heads] ,in this case the meaning of verse is this:" wipe your feet and heads"

 thus, the verdict of head and feet is "WIPE “

on the other hand some of valid narrations from prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and

his Ahl Al-bayt confirm this opinion of Shiite and indicate that prophet [PBUH] would perform wudu like this so, the act of Shiite is accordance with Holy Quran 's decree and the method of prophet [PBUH]. some of narrations of Ahl Al-bayt[as] which are related to wipe feet and head were searched in separated files.


The view of some Sunni is that feet are washed.

their main reason is this that the word [feet] is object for the word [wash] which is in previous means they believe that the word [washing] is the factor for the word {feet} not the word [wipe] which in the same sentence.

in response to the misconception of these guys, Ibn Al-hazm a sunni famous scholar says:

   سْأَلَةٌ وأما قَوْلُنَا في الرِّجْلَيْنِ فإن الْقُرْآنَ نَزَلَ بِالْمَسْحِ

(وَامْسَحُوا برؤوسكم ((برءوسكم)) وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ) وَسَوَاءٌ قرىء (قرئ) بِخَفْضِ اللاَّمِ أو بِفَتْحِهَا هِيَ على كل حَالٍ عَطْفٌ على الرؤوس (الرءوس) إمَّا على اللَّفْظِ وإما على الْمَوْضِعِ لاَ يَجُوزُ غَيْرُ ذلك لأنه لاَ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يُحَالَ بين الْمَعْطُوفِ وَالْمَعْطُوفِ عليه بِقَضِيَّةٍ مُبْتَدَأَةٍ وَهَكَذَا جاء عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ بِالْمَسْحِ يَعْنِي في الرِّجْلَيْنِ في الْوُضُوءِ

وقد قال بِالْمَسْحِ على الرِّجْلَيْنِ جَمَاعَةٌ من السَّلَفِ منهم عَلِيُّ بن أبي طَالِبٍ وابن عَبَّاسٍ وَالْحَسَنُ وَعِكْرِمَةُ وَالشَّعْبِيُّ وَجَمَاعَةٌ وغيرهم (غيرهم) وهو قَوْلُ الطَّبَرِيِّ

but our opinion about feet ' s decree is this that, wiping feet has been sent down in Holy Quran it means what is written in Quran is this that feet must be wiped.

the word [feet] whether its fourth letter is majroor [feet]or with fathe [feet ]in both cases it refers to [heads] , this reference is whether to the word or place [if it refers to the word [heads] , since its Erab is majroor (heads) , the word [feet] must be read majroor  (feet) and if it refers to the place of  [heads] since the word "heads" is in the position of subject , and its Erab is mansoob," feet" must be read mansoob (feet]and any thing except what was told is incorrect, because a new matter could not be raised between referred word and reference

and it 's been quoted by "Ibn Abbas" according to "Holy Quran" feet 's decree is wiping

a group of ancients like :Ali [as] , Ibn Abas , Hasan basri, Akrame, shabi and some other one believe in touching feet.

Al-Zahery, Ali Ibn Ahmad Ibn Saed Ibn Hazm aboo Ahmad [died in 456 Hejira], almahali , v 2, P 56, SEARCED BY: lajanat ahya Al-toras Al-arabi , PUBLISED BY: Dar Al-afaghAl- jadidah – Beirut

according to valid narrations that have been quoted in Sunni valid resources, Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] and Commander of faithful [as] and some of companions , performed wudu like Shiite..

in this writing , we present these narrations along with the scan of books to the honorable readers.


The manner of Prophet [PBUH] in wudu has been quoted by some of companions.

 we limit  ourselves to the expression of some methods in short


Ahmad Ibn Hambal quotes a narration from Commander of faithful [AS] that Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] would rub his feet:

 حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبي ثنا وَكِيعٌ ثنا الأَعْمَشُ عن أبي إِسْحَاقَ عن عبد خَيْرٍ عن عَلِىٍّ رضي الله عنه قال كنت أَرَى ان بَاطِنَ الْقَدَمَيْنِ أَحَقُّ بِالْمَسْحِ من ظَاهِرِهِمَا حتى رأيت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَمْسَحُ ظَاهِرَهُمَا.

" Abd Al- kheir has quoted from Ali [as] that he said: i thought palm of feet has advantage over their top , till i saw that Prophet [PBUH] wiped  over his feet

Al- emam Ahmad ibn Hanbal , v 1 , p 95 , searched by : shaeeb Al- arnoot- adel morshed, Al-Resalah institute


researchers of this book " shaeeb AL-ARNOT- Adel morsed " have corrected this narration in foot note. the text of narration is as follows

1: حديث صحيح بمجموع طرقه

 " this narration is valid considering it all sides


in the book " mosnaf" Ibn Abi Sheibah :narration is as follows :

حدثنا وَكِيعٌ عَنِ الأَعْمَش عن أبي إِسْحَاقَ عن عبد خَيْرٍ عن عَلِيٍّ قال لو كان الدِّينُ بِرَأْيٍ كان بَاطِنُ الْقَدَمَيْنِ أَحَقَّ بِالْمَسْحِ على ظَاهِرِهِمَا وَلَكِنْ رَأَيْت رَسُولَ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وسلم مَسَحَ ظَاهِرَهُمَا

" Ali [AS] said: if religion is on base on vote and comment, wiping palm of feet has advantage over wiping their top , but I saw prophet [PBUH] who wiped over his feet.

Ibn Abi sheiba, Abdollah Ibn Muhammad , mosnaf Ibn Abi Sheiba , v 1, P 25 , searched by: Hamad Ibn Abdollah Al-joma, Muhammad Ebrahim Al- heidan.



the author of the book "AL-FAVAED" quotes Prophet 's wudu from "Ibn Abbas" as follows

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ غَالِبٍ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الصَّمَدِ، قَالَ: ثنا وَرْقَاءُ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: أَلَا أُحَدِّثُكُمْ بِوُضُوءِ النَّبِيِّ قَالَ: فَمَضْمَضَ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً، وَاسْتَنْشَقَ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً، وَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ مَرَّةً، وَيَدَيْهِ مَرَّةً، وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ.

 “Ata Ibn yasar" quotes from "Ibn Abbas": do you want me to aware you of Prophet 's wudu? “ibn Abbas” said: prophet [PBUH] washed his mouth and nose twice by water ,and washed his face and hands once ,  then he wiped his head and feet

Al-shafei, Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Ebrahim [died in 354 Hegira] , Al-favaed book,v 4, P 364,  searched by: halami kamel Asad Abd Al-hadi , publisher: Dar Ibn Al-jozi, saudiarabia/ Al-Riyadh , first edition : 1417 Hejira


researcher of the book , writes [in the foot note] that the document of this narration is valid .



quoted by "Majed"," Rofae Ibn Rafe" has expressed that Prophet [PBUH] would perform wudu, he says:

حدثنا محمد بن يحيى ثنا حَجَّاجٌ ثنا هَمَّامٌ ثنا إسحاق بن عبد اللَّهِ بن أبي طَلْحَةَ حدثني عَلِيُّ بن يحيى بن خَلَّادٍ عن أبيه عن عَمِّهِ رِفَاعَةَ بن رَافِعٍ أَنَّهُ كان جَالِسًا عِنْدَ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال إِنَّهَا لَا تَتِمُّ صَلَاةٌ لِأَحَدٍ حتى يُسْبِغَ الْوُضُوءَ كما أَمَرَهُ الله تَعَالَى يَغْسِلُ وَجْهَهُ وَيَدَيْهِ إلى الْمِرْفَقَيْنِ وَيَمْسَحُ بِرَأْسِهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ إلى الْكَعْبَيْنِ

" Yahya Ibn Khallad" has quoted from his uncle "Rofae", that i met Prophet Muhammad [PBUH], he said : no one 's praying is correct unless ,the acts of wudu are done as god has ordered.

washing face as well as hands until elbow, wiping head and feet until the bulge

Al-Gazvini, Muhammad Ibn yazid Abo Abd-Allah [died : 275 Hegira] , sonan Ibn majeh , v 1, p 291 .searched by ;Shaeb Al-anvar, Adel Moshed. Al-resalah institute


Shuaib Al-arnoot , the researcher of this book has corrected the documentary of this narration in footnote



" ALBANI" has corrected this narration as well , in his commentary over " sunan Ibn MAje"

 "Abu Davood" has quoted this narration in his "sunan" as well, and the researcher of this book, has corrected this narration.


and "Albani" believes in his commentary on "Abu Davood sunan " that this narration is correct:


"Daremi" has written this narration in his book and the researcher of the book believes that its document is correct.




 third caliphate of Sunni has quoted  Prophet 's [PBUH] wudu and emphasized that  prophet [PBUH] would rub his feet. this narration has been quoted through different way:


this narration has been written in " musnad of ahmad " with valid document

حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبي ثنا بن الأشجعي ثنا أبي عن سُفْيَانَ عن سَالِمٍ أبي النَّضْرِ عن بُسْرِ بن سَعِيدٍ قال أتى عُثْمَانُ الْمَقَاعِدَ فَدَعَا بِوَضُوءٍ فَتَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثاً وَيَدَيْهِ ثَلاَثاً ثَلاَثاًثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ ثَلاَثاً ثَلاَثاً ثُمَّ قال رأيت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم هَكَذَا يَتَوَضَّأُ يا هَؤُلاَءِ أَكَذَاكَ قالوا نعم لِنَفَرٍ من أَصْحَابِ رسول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عِنْدَهُ

"Yasir Ibn sa,ad says: Osman told :bring water to perform wudu. then he washed his mouth and nose. then he washed [touch] his face and hands for three times . then herubed his head and feet and said: i saw Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] who perform wudu like this.

O people, Did he perform wudu like this? they said : yes . Osman quoted it for some of Prophet 's companions who were there.

Al-emam Ahmad Ibn Hambal, musnad of Amad Ibn Hambal, v 1 v1 , p 523 , SEARCHED BY: Shaeb Al-arnoot, Al-resalah inestitute.

researcher writes in the footnote that the document of this narration is  hasan(good(

{1} hasan documents.

:1hasan document



it 's been quoted by "Hamran ibn Aban " with valid documents  that " Osman " would  rub his feet and emphasized that Prophet 's wudu is like this.

حدثنا محمد بن بِشْرٍ قال حدثنا سَعِيدُ بن أبي عَرُوبَةَ عن قَتَادَةَ عن مُسْلِمِ بن يَسَارٍ عن حُمْرَانَ قال دَعَا عُثْمَانَ بِمَاءٍ فَتَوَضَّأَ ثُمَّ ضَحِكَ فقال ألا تَسْأَلُونِي مِمَّا أَضْحَكُ قالوا يا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ما اضحكك قال رَأَيْت رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَوَضَّأَ كما تَوَضَّأْت فَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ وَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا وَيَدَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَظَهْرِ قَدَمَيْهِ

Musannaf Ibn Abi sheibah, V 1, P 16

" Mosnad ahmad and Mosnad Bazar  this narration has been quoted in:

AL shybany, Abo Abd- Allah Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 241 AH), Musnad of Ahmad ibn Hanbal, vol. 1, p 58, Publisher: Institute Qrtbh Egypt

Albzar, Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Amr ibn Abdul Khaliq (d. 292 AH), bah Alzkhar (Albzar Musnad) vol. 2, p. 74,searched by : Mahfooz  Rahman Zain Ali, Publisher: Institute of UlumAl-Quran - Beirut, Madinah house:  first edition , 1409 Hejira

Heisami " one of Sunni rejal  scholars ,after quoting the narration, says:

رواه البزار ورجاله رجال الصحيح وهو في الصحيح باختصار

this narration has been quoted by " Bezar" and abu naeim in " halayh alawlya " and abu yaeli

Majma Al-ravaed , V 1, P 229.

after quoting the narration, Suyuti writes:

 [حم، والبزار حل ، ع ، وصحَّح]

this narration has been quoted by : Ahmad ibn hanbal , bezar, Abo naem in Helya Al-olya and it 's been corrected.

Suyuti, Jalal al-Din Abou Al -Fazl Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr (died IN 911 e), jame Al-ahadith , v 15, p 197


Ibn Kazameh" has quoted from " shaghigh Ibn Salameh"  that" OSMAN " would touch his feet and say : Prophet 's wudu was like this.

أخبرنا أبو طاهر نا أبو بكر نا يعقوب بن إبراهيم الدورقي حدثنا خلف بن الوليد حدثنا إسرائيل عن عامر بن شقيق عن شقيق بن سلمة عن عثمان بن عفان أنه توضأ فغسل وجهه ثلاثا واستنشق ثلاثا ومضمض ثلاثا ومسح برأسه وأذنيه ظاهرهما وباطنهما ورجليه ثلاثا وخلل لحيته وأصابع الرجلين وقال هكذا رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يتوضأ.

" Shaghigh Ibn salameh" has quoted that " Osman " performed wudu , washed his face , inside his  nose and his mouth for three times. then, he touched front-end and back-end of his nose for three times and said: i saw that Prophet [PBUH] would perform ablution like this

Ibn khazime Al-salami Al- meysabory, Abu bakr Muhamad Ibn eshagh [died 331 Hejira]. Sahih Ibn khazimah , v 1 p 78, searched: Muhamad Mostafa , publisher :Al- maktab Al-islami. beyrut-1390 Hejigira.

this narration has valid document too and has been quoted in "Sahih Ibn Khazime 's book and he himself has written about the validity of this book in the preface .

مختصر المختصر من المسند الصحيح عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بنقل العدل عن العدل موصولا إليه صلى الله عليه وسلم من غير قطع في أثناء الإسناد ولا جرح في ناقلي الأخبار التي نذكرها بمشيئة الله تعالي

god willing, I will mention to part of "Masnad sahih 's narrations from Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] which have been quoted by just narrators, from just narrators till it reaches to Prophet[PBUH] without interruption in the document of narration

Ibn Khazimeh sahih , v 1 , p 3

so far its been proven by some of companions ' testimony that Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] would wipe his feet while performing wudu . though, the number of narrations are a lot but we   adequate to quoting some of them.


Commander of faithful [AS] is among people whose their act , tradition and manner are proof for Shiite and Sunni. like Prophet [PBUH] he would rub his feet while performing wudu.

Nazal Ibn sabreh [valid narration]

Ahmad Ibn Hanbal has written following narration in his book that expresses Ali 's [AS] wudu

حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبو خَيْثَمَةَ وثنا إِسْحَاقُ بن إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالاَ ثنا جَرِيرٌ عن مَنْصُورٍ عن عبد الْمَلِكِ بن مَيْسَرَةَ عَنِ النَّزَّالِ بن سَبْرَةَ قال صَلَّيْنَا مع علي رضي الله عنه الظُّهْرَ فَانْطَلَقَ إلى مَجْلِسٍ له يَجْلِسُهُ في الرَّحَبَةِ فَقَعَدَ وَقَعَدْنَا حَوْلَهُ ثم حَضَرَتِ الْعَصْرُ فَأُتِىَ بِإِنَاءٍ فَأَخَذَ منه كَفًّا فَتَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ وَمَسَحَ بِوَجْهِهِ وَذِرَاعَيْهِ وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَمَسَحَ بِرِجْلَيْهِ ...

nzal ibn sabreh says: i said noon prayer with Ali [AS] then he went to his place in koufa squar and we sat around him until the time of Asr prayer . they brought water for him .he got some water, washed his mouth and nose then he wiped his face and hands , head and feet

musnad of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal v 1, p 159.

the researcher of this book says that the document of this narration is valid and emphasizes in footnote.

 valid documents 


Talyasi" has written this narration with little bit difference as follows:

حدثنا أبو داود قال حدثنا شعبة قال أخبرني عبد الملك بن ميسرة قال سمعت النزال بن سبرة يقول صلى علي الظهر في الرحبة ثم جلس في حوائج الناس حتى حضرت العصر ثم أتى بكوز من ماء فصب منه كفا فغسل وجهه ويديه ومسح على رأسه ورجليه ..

" nazal Ibn Sareh says: Ali [AS] said noon prayer in kufa a square , then he sat to solve people 's problems until the time of Asr prayer came up then they brought water , he poured some water over his face , washed his hands and wiped his head and feet

mosnad  Al-tayalesi , v 1 , p22.

the researcher of the book [Mohamad Ibn Al-mohsen turki] says that the document of narration is valid and writes.

valid HADITH 



Abd khayr 's narration

quoted by " Tahavi" , "Abd khayr"  who is one of Commander of faithful 's followers " says": Ali [AS] wiped over his feet while performing wudu :

حدثنا أبو أُمَيَّةَ قال ثنا محمد بن الأَصْبَهَانِيِّ قال أنا شَرِيكٌ عن السُّدِّيِّ عن عبد خَيْرٍ عن عَلِيٍّ رضي الله عنه أَنَّهُ تَوَضَّأَ فَمَسَحَ على ظَهْرِ الْقَدَمِ وقال لَوْلاَ أَنِّي رَأَيْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَلَهُ لَكَانَ بَاطِنُ الْقَدَمِ أَحَقَّ من ظَاهِرِهِ.

"Abd Khayr " has quoted of Ali [AS] that he rubed over his feet performing wudu and said: if i had not seen that Prophet [PBUH ] would do so , indeed, palm of foot would have advantage over top of it for wiping.

Al Tahawi Hanafi, Aboujl Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Salama (died in 321 Hejira] Sharh Maeani al-athar, c. 1, p. 35,  searched by : Mohammad Najjar Zuhri, publisher: Publishers of scientific books - Beirut, Edition: First, 1399



as you saw, according to the valid narrations in Sunni resources , Prophet [PBUH] and Commander of faithful [as] would wipe their feet , it means the same decree which is gotten from the sixth verse of sura "maedeh" as it was confessed by some of Sunni scholars. and Shiites believe that feet must be wiped, on based on Holy Quran 's decree and following Prophet [PBUH].

in continue we 'll search about washing feet in wudu.

C: searching and reviewing the narrations about washing feet   

against above narrations , Sunni resources have quoted other narrations from Commander of  faithful, Ibn Abas and Osman that mention to washing feet, thus, the contrary of above subjects is proven.

the narrations of washing feet by Commander of faithful.


Ibn Shabih Kufi writes:

حدثنا أبو الأَحْوَصِ عن أبي إِسْحَاقَ عن أبي حَيَّةَ قال رَأَيْت عَلِيًّا تَوَضَّأَ فَأَنْقَى كَفَّيْهِ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا وَذِرَاعَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ قَدَمَيْهِ إلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ثُمَّ قام فَشَرِبَ فَضْلَ وَضُوئِهِ ثُمَّ قال إنَّمَا أَرَدْت أَنْ أُرِيَكُمْ طُهُورَ رسول اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم

says: I saw Ali [as] performing wudu , he washed palm of his hands then he washed his face and hands for three times and wiped his head then he washed his feet until bulge , then he got up , drank rest of water and said: i wanted to show the method of Prophet 's wudu

Ibn Abi Shybh Al-kufy, Abu Bakr Abdullah bin Muhammad (d. 235 AH), the Book Musannaf per Al-ahadys , vol. 1, p. 16, research: the star Kamal Yosuf. Publisher:  maktab Al-roshd- Riyadh, first  edition 1409 Hegira

 reviewing the narration

in the first look this narration is in contradictory with previous narrations. one of the conditions of contradictory is this that both of narrations must be at the same level in term of validity. but here, it 's not like that because , the documents of former narrations were valid  but following narrations are not only against Holy Quran but their documents are weak .[ one narrator has been weakened in the document of narration.

Abu es,hagh Sabi,i:

this narrator is called: modallas” (some who falsifies narrations) by Sunni scholars. that 's why that his narrations are not acceptable . "Mobar Kafuri" writes about him:

ومن التابعين الذين كانوا موصوفين بالتدليس

 معروفين به قتادة ... وعمرو بن عبد الله السبيعي.

Ghetadeh and Abu ES,hagh Sabi,i" are among followers who are known as "MUDALLAS".

Mobarkfuri, Abu al-Alaa Mohammed Abdul Rahman bin Abdul Rahim (d. 1353 AH), Tofat Al-ahvzy , vol. 1, p. 19, of Dar Al kotob – Beirut.

Ibn Molaghen writes:

   وأبو إسحاق السبيعي كان مدلسًا.

Abu es,hagh was a "mudallas”. 

Ansari Shafei, SE Abu Hafs Omar bin Ali bin Ahmed known as Ibn molaghan died 804 AH]Bader Al monir  fi takhrig Al ahadith , , v 3, p. 634, searced by : Mustafa Abul Gheitand Abdullah bin Suleiman and Yasser bin Kamal, publisher : Dar al-Hegirah for Publishing and distribution - Riyadh-Saudi  Arabia, Edition: first, 1425 Hegira
mobarakfuri emphasizes several times after quoting narration that he was modallas.

قلت في إسناده أبو إسحاق السبيعي وهو مدلس.

tohfat Al akhozi v 3 p 70

in another place he has emphasized that he is modallas and says in addition: that he got confused at the end of his life. he had mental disorder

 قوله (حديث بن عباس حديث غريب) وفي إسناده أبو إسحاق السبيعي وهو مدلس ورواه عن عبد الله بن سعيد بالعنعنة ومع هذا فقد اختلط باخره.

Tohfat Al-ahvazi v 3 . p 513

Abd,al,lah ibn Muhammad esfahani says about him that he would falsify [ TADLIS] a lot and has weaken his narration.

بعد دراسة إسناد هذا الحديث تبين أنه بهذا الإسناد ضعيف لأن فيه أبو إسحاق السبيعي مدلس مكثر من التدليس.

after searching about the document of this narration we will find out that this narration is weak because "Abu ES,hagh Sabie" who his name is in the document is" MODALLAS

li 'usbihani, eabd alllah bin muhammad bin jaefar bin hiaan (DIED IN 369), 'akhlaq alnnabi wadabih, V 1, P 313 - 316, SEARCHED BY : salih bin muhammad alwnyan, PUBLISHER : dar al-muslim , , FIRT  EDITION: 1998

  and in another place this sentence has been


بعد دراسة إسناد هذا الحديث تبين أنه بهذا الإسناد ضعيف لأن فيه علي بن عابس ضعفه العلماء وكذا أبو إسحاق السبيعي مدلس وهو كثير التدليس ولم يصرح بالسماع

after searching the document , we found out that document is weak, because "Ali Ibn Abes" is in the document and scholars has weaken him and " Abu ES,hagh Sabi,e " is mudallas

Akhlagh Al-nabi va Adabeh V 3 . p 72

Al-bani wahhabi" known as " Muhammed Ibn Ismail " by wahhabies , makes remark in a documentary discussion about a narration that "Abu ES,hagh" is in its document

قلت : وهذا إسناد ضعيف... أما الإسناد ؛ فله علتان

والأخرى : عنعنة أبي إسحاق الهمداني - واسمه عمرو بن عبد الله السبيعي - ؛ فإنه مدلس أيضاً ، وقد كان اختلط

I say: the document of this narration is weak ..... but the weakness of document has problem from two sides.
another problem is this that  Abu Es,haq narration  is mu,an,an. " mu,an,an  the meaning of mu,an,an is: The narrator has qouted Hadith(narration) from former narrator with “An”(from) word and hasn’t expressed hearing the narration.
His name was “Amr Ibn Abdullah sabi,ee”. Because he was deceiver too and involved sense disorder.

Albany, Mohammed Nasser Eddin, silsilat al 'ahadith alddaeifat walmawdueat wa 'athariha alssayiy fi al 'ummati, ation, Publisher: Knowledge House, Riyadh - the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Edition: First, Year of Publication: 1412/1992

قال شعبة بن الحجاج التدليس أخو الكذب ... سمعت شعبة يقول التدليس في الحديث أشد من الزنا ولأن أسقط من السماء أحب الي من ان ادلس... وقال ثنا جدي قال سمعت الحسن بن علي يقول سمعت أبا أسامة يقول خرب الله بيوت المدلسين ما هم عندي الا كذابون... حماد بن زيد يقول التدليس كذب

Shiite says that ."tadlis" and " lying " are brothers ... in an other expression Shiite says: falsifying is worse than adultery. if i fall of the sky it will be easier for me than falsifying

Abu Osameh said : god destroy the ". just lie.Hamad  Ibn Zeid says: tadlis is lying. nothing   " of  house of Falsifiers” there is nothing between them except lie ...


Hammad Ibn Zeid says: “Tadlis and lie are same”.


Baghdadi, Abu Bakr Ahmed bin Ali bin Thabit al-Khatib (died in 463 H), sufficiently in the science fiction, part 1,p.355,searched by: Abuabdallah Alsourgui, Hamdi IbrahimMadani, Publisher: Scientific Library – Medina

in addition to the weakening of the document , if even above narrative is valid , it 's in contradictory with the valid narratives that mention to touching the feet by Commander of faithful


the review of the narrative

as it was said , with the admission of Sunni scholars like " Ibn Hazm Andolusi" god 's decree in Quran IS wiping [over] both feet . so this narrative is contradictory with Quran and secondly is against another valid narrative that was quoted by { Abd Khayr} , because it has been emphasized that Ali [AS] wiped over his feet , and another narrative confirms this concept.


Abd Al-razzagh San,ani has narrated an other narrative through 'Ahl bayt[PBUH] that Commander of faithful washed his feet while performing wudu

عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، قَالَ: أَخْبَرَنِي مَنْ أُصَدِّقُ، أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حُسَيْنٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ قَالَ: أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ: دَعَا عَلِيٌّ بِوَضُوءٍ فَقُرِّبَ لَهُ " فَغَسَلَ كَفَّيْهِ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُدْخِلَهُمَا فِي وَضُوئِهِ، ثُمَّ مَضْمَضَ ثَلاثًا، وَاسْتَنْشَقَ ثَلاثًا، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاثًا، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْمِرْفَقِ ثَلاثًا، ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى كَذَلِكَ، ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ مَسْحَةً وَاحِدَةً، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ثَلاثًا، ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى كَذَلِكَ، ثُمَّ قَامَ قَائِمًا، فَقَالَ لِي: نَاوِلْنِي، فَنَاوَلْتُهُ الإِنَاءَ الَّذِي فِيهِ فَضْلُ وَضُوئِهِ فَشَرِبَ مِنْ فَضْلِ وَضُوئِهِ قَائِمَا فَعَجِبْتُ، فَلَمَّا رَآنِي عَجِبْتُ، قَالَ: لا تَعْجَبْ، فَإِنِّي رَأَيْتُ أَبَاكَ النَّبِيَّ يَصْنَعُ مِثْلَ مَا رَأَيْتَنِي أَصْنَعُ، ...

it 's been quoted from Imam Hussein [AS] that Ali [AS] asked water for wudu, They brought water and he washed his hands before performing wudu. then he washed his mouth and inside his nose for three times, then washed his face and his right and then left hands until elbow for three times . and wiped over his head once , then he washed his right and left foot for three times , then he got up and said: bring water and I did , he drank rest of the water . i got surprised ,he said : do not get surprised , I saw yourgrand father Prophet Muhammad [PBUH] who did so as I did

San 'aani, Abu Bakar Abdul Razak bin Hammam (died in 211 H), Al musanef , v 1, p. 40, searced by : Habib Rahman maximum, Publisher: Islamic office - Beirut, Edition: Second 1403


This narrative is like previous narrative , firstly it 's in contradictory with Quran , secondly its against

 valid narratives quoted by Commander of faithful [AS] about Prophet 's [PBUH] wudu


there is an narration that he washed his feet in wudu

حدثنا محمد بن عبد الرَّحِيمِ قال أخبرنا أبو سَلَمَةَ الْخُزَاعِيُّ مَنْصُورُ بن سَلَمَةَ قال أخبرنا بن بِلَالٍ يَعْنِي سُلَيْمَانَ عن زَيْدِ بن أَسْلَمَ عن عَطَاءِ بن يَسَارٍ عن بن عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّهُ تَوَضَّأَ فَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثم أَخَذَ غَرْفَةً من مَاءٍ فَمَضْمَضَ بها وَاسْتَنْشَقَ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ غَرْفَةً من مَاءٍ فَجَعَلَ بها هَكَذَا أَضَافَهَا إلى يَدِهِ الْأُخْرَى فَغَسَلَ بِهِمَا وَجْهَهُ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ غَرْفَةً من مَاءٍ فَغَسَلَ بها يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى ثُمَّ أَخَذَ غَرْفَةً من مَاءٍ فَغَسَلَ بها يَدَهُ الْيُسْرَى ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ غَرْفَةً من مَاءٍ فَرَشَّ على رِجْلِهِ الْيُمْنَى حتى غَسَلَهَا ثُمَّ أَخَذَ غَرْفَةً أُخْرَى فَغَسَلَ بها رِجْلَهُ يَعْنِي الْيُسْرَى ثُمَّ قال هَكَذَا رأيت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَتَوَضَّأُ.

A,ta Ibn yasar says: Ibn Abbas performed wudu. then he got some water , washed his face and nose. then he did it again and pour water on his other hand and washed his face with both hands . then he got bunch of water and washed his right and lef hands , then he wiped his head and poured water on his left and right feet and washed them .at the end he said

I saw Prophet [PBUH] who performed wudu like me

Bukhari Aljafee, Abuabdallah Mohammed bin Ismail (died 256 H), Sahih Bukhari, V 1, p. 65, SEARCHED BY: d. Mustafa Deeb Albga, Publisher: Dar Ibn

 Kathir, Al-Yamamah - Beirut, Edition: Third 0.1407 to 1987


Ibn Abi Sheibah and Ibn Maje have quoted from Ibn Abbas that he denied washing feet and believes that wiping is god 's decree

حدثنا بن عُلَيَّةَ عن رَوْحِ بن الْقَاسِمِ عن عبد اللهِ بن مُحَمَّدِ بن عَقِيلٍ عن الرُّبَيِّعِ ابْنَةِ مُعَوِّذِ بن عَفْرَاءَ قالت أَتَانِي بن عَبَّاسٍ فَسَأَلَنِي عن هذا الحديث تَعْنِي حَدِيثَهَا الذي ذَكَرَتْ أنها رَأَتْ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم تَوَضَّأَ وَأَنَّهُ غَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ قالت فقال بن عَبَّاسٍ أَبَى الناس إِلاَّ الْغَسْلَ وَلاَ أَجِدُ في كِتَابِ اللهِ إِلاَّ الْمَسْحَ


Rabi" Maooz Ibn Afra 's daughter says: Ibn Abbas came to me and asked about this narration(that she saw that praphit [PBUH] who washed his feet in wudu)   


Rabii says: Ibn abbas said: people wash their feet in wudu despite of Quran 's decree is wiping.

Ibn Abi Shaybah Kufi, Abu Bakr Abdullah bin Mohammed (died in 235 H), Al-musnaf book in conversations and effects, V 1, p. 27,searched by: Kamal Yusuf whale, publisher:Rushd Library - Riyadh, Edition: First, 1409

alquzwini, Abuabdallah Muhammad ibn Yazid (died in 275 H), Sunan Ibn Majah, C 1, p. 156,searched by: Mohamed Fouad Abdul Baqi, Publisher: Dar Al-Fikr – Beirut

the document of this narration is valid. Ahmad Ibn Abu Albakr writes , after quoting the narration :

هذا إسناد حسن رواه ابن أبي شيبة في مصنفه

the document of narration is hasan that Abi Sheibah has quoted in his book

Al-Kanani, Ahmed bin Abu Bakar bin Ismail [died in 840 e), misbah alzzujajat fi zawayid abn majih , v 1 , p. 66, to achieve: Mohammad  Al muntaqaa Akoshnawa, Publisher: Dar Al Arab - Beirut, SECON EDITION 1403

an other narration has been quoted from Ibn Abbas that he believes touching not washing

عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ أَوْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: " افْتَرَضَ اللَّهُ غَسْلَتَيْنِ وَمَسْحَتَيْنِ، أَلا تَرَى أَنَّهُ ذَكَرَ التَّيَمُّمَ؟ فَجَعَلَ مَكَانَ الْغَسْلَتَيْنِ مَسْحَتَيْنِ، وَتَرَكَ الْمَسْحَتَيْنِ ". قَالَ مَعْمَرٌ: وَقَالَ رَجُلٌ لِمَطَرٍ الْوَرَّاقِ، مَنْ كَانَ يَقُولُ الْمَسْحُ عَلَى الرِّجْلَيْنِ؟ قَالَ: فُقَهَاءُ كَثِيرٌ.

Jaber or Akrameh has quoted from Ibn Abbas : god has necessitate twice washing and wiping. do not you see that god has cited tayammum ?  instead of twice washing has mentioned to twice wiping. Moammar has said : some said to Matr Varagh : who believes in wiping ? He said: many scholars believe it

masnaf eabd alrrzzaq, v 1 , p 19

in another narration ibn Abbas has said

عبد الرزاق عن بن جريج قال أخبرني عمرو بن دينار أنه سمع عكرمة يقول قال بن عباس الوضوء مسحتان وغسلتان.

Akarameh has quoted that Ibn Abbas said: wudu has two wiping and washing.

masnaf eabd alrrzzaq, v 1 , p 19



 In the part of  Prophet 's wudu  in this writing it was said through  Ata ibn Yasar" quoted

That Prophet [PBUH] wiped his feet but this opposition narration, cites

By Ibn Abbas

Them, and these narrations are in contradictory. And we prove that this narration has

Been corrected by researcher of the book

3. Washing feet by osman

There is a narration that Osman would wash his feet 

حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبي ثنا يَعْقُوبُ ثنا أبي عَنِ بن إِسْحَاقَ حدثني محمد بن إبراهيم بن الحرث التيمي عن مُعَاذِ بن عبد الرحمن التيمي عن حُمْرَانَ بن أَبَانَ مولى عُثْمَانَ بن عَفَّانَ قال رأيت عُثْمَانَ بن عَفاَّنَ دَعَا بِوَضُوءٍ وهو على بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَغَسَلَ يَدَيْهِ ثُمَّ مَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ وَاسْتَنْثَرَ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ يَدَيْهِ إلى الْمِرْفَقَيْنِ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَأَمَرَّ بِيَدَيْهِ على ظَاهِرِ أُذُنَيْهِ ثُمَّ مَرَّ بِهِمَا على لِحْيَتِهِ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ إلى الْكَعْبَيْنِ

Hamran ibn gholam has said: I saw Osman who asked water for wudu. He washed his hands, poured water in his mouth. Then he washed his face thrice, then washed his hands until elbow thrice, then he wiped his head , and he put his hand on his ear and then his beard , then he washed his feet until ka,bein(bulge of on the feet)

Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, V 1, P 68 

After quoting the narration, Heithami says that its document is valid  

قلت رواه أحمد وهو في الصحيح باختصار ورجاله موثقون.

Haythami, Abolhassan Ali bin Abi Bakr (died in 807 Hegira) majmae alzzawayid wamunabae alfawayid, v 1, p. 229, Publisher: Dar Al Rayyan Heritage / Dar Arab writers - Cairo, Beirut - 1407.


This narration is in contradictory with Quran and other narrations that were cited at the first of the article.   SEARCHING ABOUT PROPHET wudu.


VALID narrations that were quoted from Sunni sources prove that, Prophet Mohammad [ PBUH] and Commander of faithful [AS] would wipe their feet in wudu but opposing narrations :

FIRSTLY: most of them are weak in term of document.

SECONDLY: even if their documents are valid , they are in contradictory with Quran and other valid narrations and can not stand against them

And important point is this that some opposing narrations have been quoted by one person. Like  Hamran Ibn Aban narration that quote “ Osman’s” wudu

THIRDLY: some of Prophets companions like : Commander of faithful [ AS ] Ibn Abbas and folowers and many of Sunni scholars believe in TOUCHING feet .

so any Muslim person should do accordance with Qurans order and Prophets[PBUH] and Ahl Al-bayts orders.




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