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The Successiveness of Hadith Ghadir from the view point of Sunni scholars
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The Successiveness of Hadith Ghadir from the view point of Sunni scholars

In the Name of Allah the Most Compassionate the Most Merciful

 

 

Criticism and Analysis

Sunnis scholars confessing to the successiveness of Hadith Ghadir

1. Shams Al-Din Zahabi (died in 748 Hejira) Biography of Zahabi

2. Ibn Hajar Asghalani (died in 852 Hejira) Biography Hal Ibn Hajar Asghalani

3. Ibn-Hajar Heisami (died in 974 Hejira) Biography of bn Hajar Heisami

4. Jalal-al-Din Souti (died in 911 Hejira) Biography of Souti

5. Abu Hamed Ghazali (died in 505 Hejira) Biography of Ghazali

6.  Mola ali Ghari          (died in 1014 Hejira) Biography of Ghari

7. Allame Shams-al-Din Jazari Al-Shafei (died in 833) Biography of Allame Jazari

8. Sebt Ibn Jozi (died in 654 Hejira) Biography of Ibn Jozi

9. Allame Esmaeel Ibn Muhammad Ajluni Jarahi (died in 1162) Biography of Ajluni

10. Muhammad Bin Esmaeel Sanani (died in 1182 Hejira) Biography of Sanani

11. Muhammad Bin Jafar Al-Ketani (died in 1345 Hejira)

12. Muhammad Naser Albani (1332 Hejira 1914 / 1420 Hejira 1999) Biography of Albani

13. Shoayb Al-Arnut (Contemporary)

 

 

Sunni Scholars Confessing the authenticity of Hadith Ghadir

1. Termezi quoting from Abu Tofeil

2. Ibn Maje Ghazvini quoting from Saad Ibn Abi Veghas

3. Ibn Maje Ghazvini quoting from Bara Ibn Azeb

4. Ibn Hajar Asghalani quoting from Amir-al-Momeneen

5. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal quoting from Riah Ibn Haras

6. Nesaee quoting Zeid Ibn Argham

7. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal quoting from Saeed Ibn Vahab and Zeid Ibn Yasa

8. Nesaee quoting from Zeid Ibn Argham

9. Nesaee quoting from Saad Ibn Abi Veghas

10. Hakim Neishaburi quoting from Zeid Ibn Argham

11. Bazar quoting from Zeid Ibn Yasi

12. Bazar quoting from Saad Ibn Abi Veghas

13. Ibn Abi Asem quoting from Amir-al-Momeneen

14. Tabarani quoting from Zeid Ibn Argham

The Books Written about the Authenticity of Hadith Ghadir

1. Muhammad Ibn Joreir Tabari (died in 310 Hejira)

2. Abu Abbas Ibn Aghade (died in 748 Hejira)

3. Shams Al-Din Zahabi

Conclusion

 

 

The PDF Link

http://www.aliasr-aj.com/lib/gadir/tavator.pdf

In the Name of God the Most Compassionate the Most Merciful

The Successiveness of Hadith Ghadir from the View Point of Sunni Scholars

Hadith Ghadri is the most authentic reason for proving the legitimacy of Amir-al-Momeneen`s guardianship which has been quoted with authentic documents from Sunnis and Shias. Meanwhile, some Sunnis who cannot confess this reality have closed their eyes to the truth and questioned its authenticity.

Ibn Hazm Andolesi Zaheri, the one who publicized his hostility with Amir-al-Momeneen by defending Ibn Moljam Moradi, wrote in his book, Al-Fasl:

وأما من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه فلا يصح من طريق الثقات أصلاً .

“The Hadith of من کنت مولا... has never been confirmed by authentic people”

Ibn Hazm Andolesi / Ali Ibn Ahmad Bin Saeed Bin Hazm Al-Zaheri Abu Muhammad (died in 548 Hejira) / Al-Fasl Fi-al-Melal Va-al-Ahva Va-al-Nahl v 4 p 116 Publisher: Maktabat Al-Khaneji Cairo

And also Ibn Teimie Harani (died in 728 Hejira), the one who is really known at denying the virtues of Ahl-al-Beit, wrote, in Menhaj-al-Sonan:

وأما قوله من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه فليس هو في الصحاح لكن هو مما رواه العلماء وتنازع الناس في صحته فنقل عن البخاري وإبراهيم الحربي وطائفة من أهل العلم بالحديث انهم طعنوا فيه وضعفوه ... .

“The Hadith of من کنت مولا... has not been stated in the authentic books, some scholars have narrated this, but they have dispute over its authenticity. It is quoted from Bokhari Ebarhim Harbi and other scholars that they weakened this Hadith”

Ibn Teimie Harani, Abu Abbas Ahmad Bin Abdul Halmi, Menhaj Al-Sonan Nabavie v 7 p 319, Researched by: D. Muhammad Reshad Salem, Published by: Ghortobat Institute Taba-al-Ola 1406

Saad-al-Din Taftazani (died in 791 Hejira) wrote in response to Hadith Ghadir:

والجواب منع تواتر الخبر فإن ذلك من مكابرات الشيعة كيف وقد قدح في صحته كثير من أهل الحديث ولم ينقله المحققون منهم كالبخاري ومسلم والواقدي .

“What we say as a response is that Hadith Ghadir is not a successive Hadith, this is something made up by Shias; many of Hadith scholars like Bokhari, Moslem and Vaghedi have objected its authenticity and have not narrated it”

Al-Taftazani, Saad Al-Din Masoud Bin Omar Bin Abdullah, Sharh Maghased Fi-al Elm-al-Kalam v 2 p 290, published by: Dar-al-Maaref Neamanie-Pakistan, Tabaghat: Al-aval 1401 Heira / 1981

Criticism and Analysis

To shed some light on the issue and to know the value of the statements of Ibn Hazm, Ibn Teimie and Taftazani, we should point out what Sunni scholars, the experts in Hadtih recognition, have confessed about Hadith Ghadir. It is quite obvious that the more we prove the authenticity or successiveness of the Hadith Ghadir and the more we prove that this Hadith has been written in Sahihein, the more these experts` pieties will be questioned.

We, at the beginning, talk about the successiveness of Hadith Ghadir from the view point of Sunni scholars then we will be talking about some documents whose authenticities have been proven by Sunni experts.

Sunni Scholars` Confession about Successiveness of Hadith Ghadir:

Not only the document of Hadith Ghadir is authentic but also many of Sunni scholars have believed its successiveness; we intend to name some these scholars.

1. Shams Al-Din Zahabi (died in 748 Hejira)

Zahabi, a considerable Sunni scholar, an expert in Jarh and Tadil, has confessed, in different cases, the successiveness of Hadith Ghadir. He, in Siar Alam Nobala, an authentic Sunni book, translated by Muhammad Bin Jarir Tabari, an expert in history says:

قلت: جمع طرق حديث غدير خم في أربعة أجزاء رأيت شطره فبهرني سعة رواياته وجزمت بوقوع ذلك  
“Muhammad Bin Jarir Tabari has collected the documents of Ghadir in four volumes; I saw some parts of it and I was really surprised how comprehensive they were and I knew for sure that it (Ghadir) has happened”

Al-Zahabi, Shams Al-Din Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Osman Bin Ghaymaz, Siar Alam Nobala v 14 p 277 / Researched by: Shoayb Arnavut Muhammad Naeem Al-Arghususi, published by: Al-Resalat Beirut Al-Tabat Al-Taseat 1413 Hejira.

He also, in Tazkarat Al-Hofaz in the same translated version by Muhammad Bin Jerir Tabari, says:

محمد بن جرير بن يزيد بن كثير الامام العلم الفرد الحافظ أبو جعفر الطبري أحد الأعلام وصاحب التصانيف من أهل آمل طبرستان أكثر التطواف ... . ولما بلغه ان بن أبي داود تكلم في حديث غدير خم عمل كتاب الفضائل وتكلم على تصحيح الحديث .
قلت رأيت مجلدا من طرق الحديث لابن جرير فاندهشت له ولكثرة تلك الطرق .

“I saw one of the volumes, about Hadith Ghadir, written by Ibn Jerir and I was really confused that how abundant the documents were”

Al-Zahabi, Shams Al-Din Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Osman Bin Gahymaz, Tazkart-al Hofaz v 2 p 710 no 728, published by: Dar Al-Ketab Elmie Beirut Al-Aval

Ibn Kasir Dameshghi Salafi (died in 774 Hejira), Zahabi`s student, quotes from his teacher:

قال : وصدر الحديث متواتر أتيقن أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قاله ، وأما : «اللهم وال من والاه» فزيادة قوية الاسناد .

“Zahabi said: “This Hadith has been narrated successively and I know for sure that Prophet said so; and also the document of this sentence (اللهم وال من والاه) is strong.”

Ibn Kasir Dameshghi, Abu-al-Feda Esmaeel Bin Omar Al-Gharshi, Siar Alam Nobala v 4 p 426 and Al-Bedaya Vanahaya v 5 p 214, published by: Maktab Al-Maaref Beirut

And Shahb-al-Din Alusi (died in 1270 Hejira), the owner of Ruh-al-Maani which is the favorite book of Wahhabi, in his interpretation says:

وعن الذهبى أن «من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه» متواتر يتقين أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قاله وأما اللهم وال من والاه فزيادة قوية الاسناد .

“Hadith of «من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه» is successive and it is undoubtedly from Prophet Muhammad and later on Prophet said: “Oh god, love those who love Ali” It is also authentic.”

Alusi Al-Baghdadi, Al-Alame Abi Fazl Shahab Al-Din Al-Sayyed Mahmud, Ruh Al-Maani Fi Tafsir Al-Ghoran Al-Azim Va-al-Sab Al-Masani v 6 p 195, published by: Dar-al-Hayat Toras Arabi Beirut

Zahabi`s translation:

Ibn-Naser, a renowned figure of 8th century (died in 842 Hejira), talks about Zahabi`s character:

الشيخ الامام الحافظ الهمام مفيد الشام ومؤرخ الاسلام ناقد المحدثين وإمام المعدلين والمجرحين شمس الدين ... الدمشقي ابن الذهبي الشافعي .

“He is the Imam, the reciter (someone who has recited more than one hundred thousand Hadiths), the historian, the Islamist, the critic of Hadiths, pioneer in Jarh and Tadil of narrators and writers”

Ibn Naser Al-Din Dameshghi / Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr, Al-Rad Vafer, Published: Al-Maktab Eslami Beirut 1393 Tabat-al Aval Researched by: Zahir Shavish

He also says the same thing, in the same book:

وكان آية في نقد الرجال عمدة في الجرح والتعديل عالما بالتفريع والتأصيل إماما في القراءات فقيها في النظريات له دربة بمذاهب الأئمة وأربابا المقالات قائما بين الخلف بنشر السنة ومذهب السلف .

“He was unique in criticizing the Hadiths; he was an expert in Jarh and Tadil of narrators of Hadith; he was an expert in using details from general issues; he was the pioneer in reading Quran and Jarh and Tadil . He was truly aware of the four-sects; he was the an scholar in all sciences; he was the only one, among his people, who tried to advertise and spread the sect of Salafi”

Al-Rad Al-Vafer v 1 p 31

And Ibn Hajar Asghalani (died in 852) , in Dor-al-Kamenat, says:

قرأت بخط البدر النابلسي في مشيخته كان علامة زمانه في الرجال وأحوالهم حديد الفهم ثاقب الذهن وشهرته تغني عن الإطناب فيه .


“I read what Badr Andolesi wrote, the biography of his professors, about Zahabi: “He was really knowledgeable about Rejal and the narrators. He was the man perception. He was so famous that I don’t need to explain who he was”

Ibn Hajar Asghalani, Al-Hafez Shahab Al-Din Abi Al-Fazl Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Muhammad, Al-Dorar Kamenat Fi Ayan Al-MaA Samenat v 5 p 68, researched by: Moraghebat, Muhammad Abdul Moid Zan, Published by: Majlis Daerat Al-Maaeref Osmanie, Sadr Abad, India, Tabat-al-Saniat 1392 Hejira 1972

And Jalal Al-Din Souti wrote about him:

الذهبي الإمام الحافظ محدث العصر وخاتمة الحفاظ ومؤرخ الإسلام وفرد الدهر والقائم بأعباء هذه الصناعة شمس الدين أبو عبد الله محمد بن أحمد بن عثمان قايماز الركماني ثم الدمشقي .
“Zahabi was the Imam, reciter, the Hadith narrator of the time; he was the unique historian of Islam”

Jala al-Din Souti, Abdul Al-Rahman Bin Abi Bakr, Tabaghat Hofaz v 1 p 521, published by: Dar Al-Makatabt Beirut Tabaghat Al-Aval: 1403 Hejira

2. Ibn Hajar Asghalani (died in 852 Hejira)

Ibn Hajar, a considerable Sunni scholar, and Zahabi are considered as two main pillars of the Sunni Rejal science. In Sharh Sahih Bokhari, he considers most of the documents about Hadith Ghadir authentic:

واما حديث «من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه» فقد أخرجه الترمذي والنسائي وهو كثير الطرق جداً وقد استوعبها بن عقدة في كتاب مفرد وكثير من اسانيدها صحاح وحسان

“Termezi and Nesaee narrated the Hadith of «من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه» with authentic documents. This Hadith does have many documents which all were collected from a separated book by Ibn Aghade and most of its documents are all authentic”

Ibn Hajar Asghalani, Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Hajar Abulfazl Al-Shafei, Fath Al-Bari Sharh Sahih Bokhari v 7 p 74 , researched by: Moheb Al-Din Khatib, Published by: Dar Al-Marefat Beirut

He also, in Tahzib Al-Tahzib, an authentic Sunni Rejal book, says that more than 70 companions narrated the Hadith of Ghadir:

وقد جمعه بن جرير الطبري في مؤلف فيه أضعاف من ذكر وصححه واعتنى بجمع طرقه أبو العباس بن عقدة فأخرجه من حديث سبعين صحابيا أو أكثر .

“Ibn Jarir corrected and collected the Hadith Ghadir from a separated book; and Ibn Aghade really cared about its documents; he quoted this Hadith from more than 70 companions”

Ibn Hajar Asghalani , Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Hajar Abulfazl Shafei, Tahzib Al-Tahzib v 7 p 297; Published by: Dar Al-Fekr Beirut Tabat Al-Aval, 1404, 1984

Ibn Hajar Ashghalani`s Translation:

Hashemi Maki, a prominent figure of 9th century and the one who live at the time of Ibn Hajar, praises Ibn Hajar in this way:

أحمد بن علي بن محمد بن محمد بن علي بن محمود بن أحمد بن أحمد بن العسقلاني المصري الشافعي الإمام العلامة الحافظ فريد الوقت مفخر الزمان بقية الحفاظ علم الأئمة الأعلام عمدة المحققين خاتمة الحفاظ المبرزين والقضاة المشهورين أبو الفضل شهاب الدين ...

“Ibn Hajar is from Egypt; he is a Shafei; he is the pioneer of scientists, the reciter, the unique figure; he is someone that the whole world is proud of him; he is among the Hadith reciter; he is the researcher; he is the last person of the reciter and a famous judge.”

AL-Hashemi  Al-Maki, Al-Hofaz Abulfazl Taghi Al-Din Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin Fahd (died in 871 Hejira) Lehaz Al-Haz Bazil Tabaghat Hofaz v 1 p 326; published by: Darl-al-Maktabat; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Elmie- Beirut

3. Ibn Hajar Al-Heisami (died in 974 Hejira)

Ibn Hajar Heisami, in an anti-Shia book called Al-Savaegh Al-Mohraghat, confessed the documents of Hadith of Ghadir and said:

أنه حديث صحيح لا مرية فيه وقد أخرجه جماعة كالترمذي والنسائي وأحمد و طرقه كثيرة جدا ومن ثم رواه ستة عشر صحابيا وفي رواية لأحمد أنه سمعه من النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ثلاثون صحابيا وشهدوا به لعلي لما نوزع أيام خلافته كما مر وسيأتي وكثير من أسانيدها صحاح وحسان ولا التفات لمن قدح في صحته .

“There is no doubt in the authenticity of Hadith Ghadir because people like Termezi, Nesaee and Ahmad narrated with its documents. There are a lot of documents about this Hadith and 16 companions narrated this. Ahmad Ibn-Hanbal said: “When Ali (pbuh) asked companions to testify that they heard this Hadith from Prophet Muhammad, they all testified that they hear it from Prophet Muhammad; most of its documents are authentic and the one who objects its authenticity must be ignore”

Ibn Hajar Heisami, Abu Al-Abbas Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Ali, Al-Savaegh Al-Mohraghat Ala Ahl Rafz Va-al-Zalal Va-al-Zendegaht v 1 p 106-107 , Published by : Abdul Rahman Torki and Kamel Muhammad Al-Kharat , PPublished by: Al-Resalat Institute Lebanon, Tabat Al-Aval, 1417 Hejira 1997

Ibn Hajar Heisami`s Translation:

Abdul Al-Ghader Idrusi (died in 1037 Hejira) talks about him:

وفيها [سنة أربع وسبعين بعد التسعمائة ] في رجب توفي الشيخ الإمام شيخ الإسلام خاتمة أهل الفتيا والتدريس ناشر علوم الامام محمد بن إدريس الحافظ شهاب الدين أبو العباس أحمد بن محمد بن علي بن حجر الهيتمي السعدي الأنصاري بمكة ودفن بالمعلاة في تربة الطبريين وكان بحرا في علم الفقه وتحقيقه لا تكدره الدلاء وإمام الحرمين كما أجمع على ذلك العارفون وانعقدت عليه خناصر الملاء إمام اقتدت به الأئمة وهمام صار في إقليم الحجاز أمة مصنفاته في العصر آية يعجز عن الإتيان بمثلها المعاصرون ... 
واحد العصر وثاني القطر وثالث الشمس والبدر من أقسمت المشكلات أن لا تتضح إلا لديه وأكدت المعضلات آليتها أن لا تتجلى إلا عليه لا سيما وفي الحجاز عليها قد حجر ولا عجب فإنه المسمى بابن حجر .

“Ibn Hajar Heismai was like an ocean of knowledge and Figh; he was the Imam of Medina and Mecca; he was the one who all believed him; in terms of achivements, he was really unique in Hejaz”

Al-Idrusi, Abdul Ghader Bin Sheikh Bin Abdullah, Tarikh Nur Al-Safer An Akhbar Al-Gharn Al-Asher v 1 p 258 published by: Dar al-Kotob Elmie Beirut Al-Tabat Al-Aval 1405

4. Jalal Al-Din Souti (died in 911 Hejira)

Jalal Al-Din Souti is the Sunni interpreter, a writer and a famous Hadith narrator; he considers Hadith of Ghadir successive. Of course, we have found such belief in his books. But two great Sunni men said quoted this from him and that is enough for us.  

Hafiz Abdul Al-Rauf Menavi, in Sharh Jame Al-Saghir Souti, writes:

( من كنت مولاه ) أي وليه وناصره ( فعلى مولاه ) ولاء الاسلام وسببه ان أسامة قال لعلي لست مولاي انما مولاي رسول الله فذكره ( حم ه عن البراء ) بن عازب ( حم عن بريدة ) بن الحصيب ( ت ن والضياء عن زيد بن أرقم ) ورجال أحمد ثقات بل قال المؤلف حديث متواتر .

“The narrators of this Hadith are all trustworthy and reliable; the writer (Souti) said that this Hadith is successive”

Al-Menvi, Al-Imam Al-Hofaz Zein Al-Din Abdul Rauf, Al-Teisir Beshahr Al-Jame Al-Saghir v 2 p 442 (died in 1031 Hejria) , Published by: Maktabt Al-Imam Al-Shafei Riyadh Al-Tabat: Al-Salesat 1408 Hejira, 1988

He also, in Feiz Al-Ghadir which is about Sharh Jame Al-Saghir, written by Souti, says:

قال الهيثمي رجال أحمد ثقات وقال في موضع آخر رجاله رجال الصحيح وقال المصنف حديث متواتر

“Heisam said that the narrators of Mosnad Ahmad are reliable; he also said that they are the narrators of Sahih Bokhari and Souti said that Hadith Ghadir is successive”

Al-Menavi, Al-Emam Al-Hofaz Zein Al-Din Abdul Al-Rauf , Feiz Al-Ghadir Sharh Al-Jame Al-Saghir v 6 p 218, Published by: Al-Maktabat Al-Tejariat Al-Kobra – Egypt Al-Tabat :Al-Aval 1356 Hejira

Ebrahim Bin Muhammad Husaini (died in 1120 Hejira), a Sunni scholar of 12th century, confirms this issue:

من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه 
أخرجه الإمام أحمد ومسلم عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه وأخرجه أحمد أيضا عن بريدة بن الحصيب رضي الله عنه وأخرجه الترمذي والنسائي والضياء المقدسي عن زيد بن رقم رضي الله عنه قال الهيثمي رجال أحمد ثقات وقال في موضع آخر رجاله رجال الصحيح .
وقال السيوطي حديث متواتر . سببه أن أسامة قال لعلي لست مولاي إنما مولاي رسول الله (ص) فقال النبي (ص) : «من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه» .

“Imam Ahmad and Moslem quoted this Hadith from Bara Ibn Azem; and Ahmad again quoted from Boride Ibn-Hosaib; and Termezi, Nesaee and Zia Moghadasi quoted from Zeid Ibn Argham. Heisami says: the narrators of the documents that Ahmad talked about are all authentic; he also says that they are the narrators of Sahih Bokhari. Souti says: “Hadith Ghadir is successive” Osmae told Ali: “You are not my leader, Prophet is my leader; when Prophet heard this, he said: “Whomever I am his leader, Ali is his too”

Al-Husaini, Ebrahim Bin Muhammad, Al-Bayan and Al-Tarif Fi Asbab Vorud Al-Hadith Al-Sharif v 2 p 230 h 1577, researched: Seif Al-Din Al-Ketab published: Dar-al-Ketab Al-Arabi Beirut 1401 Hejira



Souti`s Translation:

Najm Al-Din Aziz, in Al-Kavakeb Al-Saerat, talks about Souti in this way:

عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر الأسيوطي: عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر بن محمد بن أبي سابق الدين بكر بن عثمان بن محمد بن خضر بن أيوب بن محمد ابن الشيخ همام الدين، الشيخ العلامة، الإمام، المحقق، المدقق، المسند، الحافظ شيخ الإسلام جلال الدين أبو الفضل ابن العلامة كمال الدين الأسيوطي، الخضيري، الشافعي صاحب المؤلفات الجامعة، والمصنفات النافعة، وألف المؤلفات الحافلة الكثيرة الكاملة الجامعة، النافعة المتقنة، المحررة، المعتبرة نيفت عدتها على خمسمائة مؤلف
وكان أعلم أهل زمانه بعلم الحديث وفنونه، ورجاله، وغريبه، واستنباط الأحكام منه، وأخبر عن نفسه أنه يحفظ مئتي ألف حديث. قال: ولو وجدت أكثر لحفظته. قال: ولعله لا يوجد على وجه الأرض الان أكثر من ذلك

“He is the scholar, pioneer, researcher, accurate, reciter (the who has recited one hundred thousand Hadiths), the owner of comprehensive and useful books; he is the one who has written more than useful books; he is the most knowledgeable figure in science and Hadith; he is the man of understanding the rulings and he, himself, said: “I have recited more than two thousand Hadiths and I would have recited more if I found anymore; and maybe there is no more Hadith than this”

Al-Ghezi, Najm Al-Din Muhammad Bin Muhammad, Al-Kavakeb Al-Saerat Beayan Al-Meat-al Asherat v 1 p 142 (died in 1061 Hejira)

5. Abu Hamed Ghazali

Ghazali is a renowned scientist of 6th century; Zahabi considers him as the unique scholar of the time. He, about Hadith Ghadir and the contract which was made by the second caliph that later on was forgotten a day after Ghadir, wirtes:

واجمع الجماهير على متن الحديث من خطبته في يوم عيد يزحم باتفاق الجميع وهو يقول : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه » فقال عمر بخ بخ يا أبا الحسن لقد أصبحت مولاي ومولى كل مولى فهذا تسليم ورضى وتحكيم ثم بعد هذا غلب الهوى تحب الرياسة وحمل عمود الخلافة وعقود النبوة وخفقان الهوى في قعقعة الرايات واشتباك ازدحام الخيول وفتح الأمصار وسقاهم كأس الهوى فعادوا إلى الخلاف الأول : فنبذوه وراء ظهورهم واشتروا به ثمناً قليلا .

“Among the oration of Prophet Muhammad is the oration of Ghadir and all Muslims believe that. Prophet Muhammad said: “Whomever I am his leader, Ali will be his” When Omar heard this from Prophet, he offered his congratulation to Ali this way:

“Abulhassan is proud of you; you now are my leader”

This statement shows that Omar expressed his submissiveness to Ali`s leadership and Prophet`s order; and it shows that he is happy about Ali`s being a leader. But after some days, he was tempted by power; he changed the leadership; he, by sending troops, making banners and occupying the other lands, disunite the nation and led them to the time of ignorance; he ignored what he was committed for; and in return he didn’t get anything worthy”

Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamed Muhammad Bin Muhammad, Sar Al-Amelin and Kashf Ma Fi-al-Darin v 1 p 18, chapter Fi Tartib Al-Khalafat and Mamlekat, researched by: Muhammad Hassan Muhammad Hassan Esmaeel and Ahmad Farid Al-Mazeidi, published by: Dar-al-Kotob Al-Elmie Beirut Lebanon Al-Tabat: Al-Aval 1424 Hejira, 2003

 

 

Abu Hamed Ghazali`s Translation:

الغزالي الشيخ الإمام البحر حجة الإسلام أعجوبة الزمان زين الدين أبو حامد محمد بن محمد بن محمد بن أحمد الطوسي الشافعي الغزالي صاحب التصانيف والذكاء المفرط ... ثم بعد سنوات سار إلى وطنه لازما لسننه حافظا لوقته مكبا على العلم

“Ghazali was the pioneer, an expert, an ocean of knowledge; he was true example of Islam; he was the unique figure of Islam; he was the owner of the books; he was the man of wisdom. He, after years, returned to his birthplace and gained more knowledge”

Siar Alam Nobala v 19 p 322 , researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnavet, Muhammad Naeem Al-Arghosusi, published by: Al-Resalat Institute Beirut Al-Tabat: Al-Taseat 1413 Hejira

He, in the same book v 14 p 202, by using the prophetic Hadith, considers him as the reviver of the religion and says:

وقال الحاكم سمعت حسان بن محمد يقول كنا في مجلس ابن سريج سنة ثلاث وثلاث مئة فقام إليه شيخ من أهل العلم فقال أبشر أيها القاضي فإن الله يبعث على رأس كل مئة سنة من يجدد يعني للأمة أمر دينها وإن الله تعالى بعث على رأس المئة عمر بن عبدالعزيز وبعث على رأس المئتين محمد بن إدريس الشافعي ...
قلت وقد كان على رأس الأربع مئة الشيخ أبو حامد الاسفراييني وعلى رأس الخمس مئة أبو حامد الغزالي وعلى رأس الست مئة الحافظ عبد الغني ...

“Hakim says: “I head from Ibn Hesahm that said: “In 303 Hejira, I was in the meeting held by Ibn Serij. An old scholar stood and said: “I have a good news. God sends someone once in a hundred years as the reviver of the religion; The first one is Omar Abdul-Aziz; and for the next hundred years, Muhammad Bin Edris Sahfei is the one” And I say that Abu Hamed Esfarayeni will be the one for the fourth hundred years, Ghazali for the fifth hundred years and Hafez Abdul Ghani for the sixth hundred years and …..”

6. Mola Ali Ghari (died in 1014 Hejira)

Mola Ali Heravi, known as Heravi, the owner of the authentic book called Meghat Al-Mafatih, talks about Hadith Ghadir and its successiveness:

هذا حديث صحيح لا مرية فيه ، بل بعض الحفاظ عده متواتراً إذ في رواية أحمد أنه سمعه من النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ثلاثون صحابيا وشهدوا به لعلي لما نوزع أيام خلافته .

“Undoubtedly, Hadith Ghadir is authentic. Some of the reciters considered it as successive because it was quoted by Ahmad. This Hadith, in the time of Ali`s guardianship and its dispute, was testified by the companions that they heard from Prophet Muhammad” 

Muhammad Al-Ghari, Ali Ibn Soltan, Merghat Al-Mafatih Sharh Meshkat Al-Masabih v 11 p 248 , researched by: Jamal Eytani published by: Dar-al-Maktabat Al-Elmie Lebanon Beirut/ Al-Tabat : Al-Aval 1422 Hejira / 2001

Mola Ali Ghari`s Translation:

About him, Asemi Maki (died in 1111 Hejira) says:

الشيخ الملا على القارى بن سلطان بن محمد الهروى الحنفى الجامع للعلوم العقلية والنقلية والمتضلع من السنة النبوية أحد جماهير الأعلام ومشاهير أولى الحفظ والأفهام ولد بهراة ورحل إلى مكة وتديرها أخذ عن خاتمة المحققين العلامة ابن حجر الهيثمى .

“Mola Ghari, a Hanafi follower, was an expert in narrative and reasoning science. He was truly aware of practice of Prophet. He was the unique scientist of the time; he had a brilliant memory”

Al-Asemi Al-Melki, Abdul Malek Bin Husain Bin Abdullah Al-Malek Al-Shafei, Semad Al-Nojum Al-Avali Fi Anba Al-Avael Va-al-Tavali v 4 p 402 , researched by: Adel Ahmad Abdul Mojud Ala Muhammad Mouz, Published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie Beirut 1419 Hejira 1998

7. Alame Shams Al-Din Al-Jazari Al-Shafei (died in 833 Hejira)

Shams Al-Din Jazari has written a separated book about Amir-al-Momeneen`s virtues; he, after quoting the Hadith Ghadir related to Amir-al-Momeneen, in Harbe says:

هذا حديث حسن من هذا الوجه ، صحيح من وجوه كثيرة تواتر عن امير المؤمنين علي ، وهو متواتر ايضاً عن النبي صلي الله وسلّم رواه الجم الغفير عن الجم الغفير ، ولا عبرة بمن حاول تضعيفه من لا اطلاع له في هذا العلم .

“He, after narrating the Ghadir Hadith, says: “This Hadith, from different aspect, is virtuous and successive. Many people quoted this Hadith from many other people. Those who consider this Hadith out of unawareness must be ignored”

Al-Jazari Al-Shafei, Abi Al-Kheir Shams Al-Din Muhammad Bin Muhammad, Asni Al-Mataleb Fi Managheb Sayedana Ali Ibn Abi-Taleb p 48, Taghdim and Tahghigh and Taligh Al-Doctor Muhammad Hadi Al-Amini, published: Maktabat Al-Imam Amir-al-Momeneen Al-Amat: Esfahan, Iran

Alame Jazari`s Translation:

محمد بن محمد بن محمد بن محمد الحافظ - الإمام المقرئ شمس الدين ابن الجزري ، ولد ليلة السبت الخامس والعشرين من شهر رمضان سنة 751 بدمشق ، وتفقه بها ، ولهج بطلب الحديث والقراآت ، وبرز في القراآت ، وعمر مدرسة للقراء سماها دار القرآن وأقرأ الناس ، وعين لقضاء الشام مرة ، وكتب توقيعه عماد الدين بن كثير ثم عرض عارض فلم يتم ذلك وقدم القاهرة مرارا ، وكان مثريا وشكلا حسنا وفصيحا بليغا ... 
وكان كثير الإحسان لأهل الحجاز ، وأخذ عنه أهل تلك البلاد في القراآت وسمعوا عليه الحديث ... وقد انتهت إليه رئاسة علم القراآت في الممالك ، وكان قديما صنف الحصن الحصين في الأدعية ولهج به أهل اليمن واستكثروا منه ، وسمعوه علي قبل أن يدخل هو إليهم ثم دخل إليهم فأسمعهم ، وحدث بالقاهرة بمسند أحمد ومسند الشافعي وبغير ذلك وكان يلقب في بلاده الإمام الأعظم .

“Jazari was born in Damascus, on 25th of Ramadan, in 751 Hejira. He started gaining knowledge; he started making an effort for learning Hadiths and reading Quran; he was really successful in this field and established a school called Dar-al-Quran. He was assigned to be a judge by Emad Al-Din but he didn’t continue this career. He had some trips to Cairo. He had an attractive face. He was really kind with people of Hejaz. He taught people the science of Hadith and Quran recitation. All people, from everywhere, referred to him for learning how to recite Quran. He wrote a supplication book called Al-Hasn Al-Hasin. People of Yemen used this book a lot. He used to read Mosnad Ahmad and Shafei, in Cairo. People called him the grand Imam.”   

Ibn Hajar Asghalani, Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Hajar Abulfazl Al-Shafei, Enba Al-Ghomar Biabna Al-Omar Fi Tarikh v 8 p 245. Researched: D. Muhammad Abdul Moeed Khan, published by: Dar-al-Kotob Elmie Beirut/ Lebanon Al-Tabeat: second 1406 Hejira / 1986

8. Sebt Ibn Jozi (died in 654 Hejira)

Sebt Ibn Jozi, the grandchild Abu Jafar Bin Jozi, the Sunni unique figure of 7th century, in Tazkarat Al-Khavas, talks about Hadith Ghadir:

اتّفق علماء السير على أنّ قصّة الغدير كانت بعد رجوع النبي (ص) من حجّة الوداع في الثامن عشر من ذي الحجّة جمع الصحابة وكانوا مائة وعشرون ألفاً وقال: (من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه) الحديث ، نص (ص) على ذلك بصريح العبارة دون التلويح والإشارة .

“All the proficient scientists, in the history of Islam, believe that Ghadir story happened when Prophet Muhammad came back his last Haj in 18th of Zil-Hajat; he gathered 120 thousand companions and said: “Whomever I am his leader, Ali will be his” In this tradition, Prophet Muhammad explicitly appointed Ali as his successor”

Sebt Ibn Jozi Hanafi, Shams Al-Din Abu Al-Mozafar Yousef Bin Farghali Bin Abdullah Al-Baghdadi, Tazkarat Al-Khavas, p 37 , published by: Ahl-al-Beit Institute, Beirut 1401 Hejira / 1981

Sebt Ibn Jozi`s Translation:

Shams Al-Din Zahabi talks about him as follow:

يوسف بن قُزْغْلي بن عبد الله . الإمام ، الواعظ ، المؤرخ شمس الدين ، أبو المظفر التركي ، ثم البغدادي العوني الحنفي . سِبْط الإمام جمال الدين أبي الفرج ابن الجوزي ؛ نزيل دمشق . وُلِد سنة إحدى وثمانين وخمسمائة ... وكان إماما ، فقيها ، واعظا ، وحيدا في الوعظ ، علاّمةً في التاريخ والسير ، وافر الحرمة ، محبباً إلى الناس ... ودرّس بالشبلية مدة ، وبالمدرسة البدرية التي قبالة الشبلية . وكان فاضلا عالما ، ظريفا ، منقطعا ، منكرا ، على أرباب الدول ما هم عليه من المنكرات ، متواضعا صاحب قبول تام .

“Yousef Ibn Fazali Hanafi, was the pioneer, a historian and he was a great lecutrere. He was an expert in history and biography writing. He was a scholar and a popular man among people. He taught for a while in Shobeile and Badrie. He was an expert and punctilious; he used to stand against the corrupted officials. All believed him”  

Al-Zahabi, Shams Al-Din Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Osman Bin Ghaymaz, The History of Islam and Vafiat Al-Mashahir and Alam v 48 p 183, researched by: D. Omar Abdu Eslam Tedmeri, published by: Dar-Al-Ketab Al-Arabi Lebanon Beirut Al-Tabat: Al-Aval 1407 Hejira, 1987

About him, Abu Muhammad (died in 768 Hejira) writes:

العلامة الواعظ المورخ شمس الدين أبو المظفر يوسف التركي ثم البغدادي المعروف بابن الحوزي سبط الشيخ جمال الدين أبي الفرج ابن الجوزي أسمعه جده منه ومن جماعة وقدم دمشق سنة بضع وست مائة فوعظ بها وحصل له القبول العظيم للطف شمائله وعذوبة وعظه .

“He preached people in Damascus; and since he was a brilliant lecturer; plenty people believed him”

Al-Yafi Abu Muhammad Abdullah Bin Asad Bin Ali Bin Soleiman, Merat Al-Janan and Ebrat Al-Yaghzan v 4 p 136 published: Dar Al-Ketab Al-Eslami Cairo 1413 Hejira 1993

About him, Ghotb Al-Din (died in 726) says:

وكان أوحد زمانه في الوعظ حسن الإيراد ترق لرؤيته القلوب وتذرف لسماع كلامه العيون وتفرد بهذا الفن وحصل له فيه القبول التام وفاق فيه من عاصره وكثيراً ممن تقدمه حتى أنه كان يتكلم في المجلس الكلمات اليسيرة المعدودة أو ينشد البيت الواحد من الشعر فيحصل لأهل المجلس من الخشوع والاضطراب والبكاء ما لا مزيد عليه فيقتصر على ذلك القدر اليسير وينزل فكانت مجالسه نزهة القلوب و الأبصار يحضرها الصلحاء والعلماء والملوك والأمراء والوزراء وغيرهم ولا يخلو المجلس من جماعة يتوبون ويرجعون إلى الله تعالى .

“He was unique in preaching and giving lecture. All used to be surprised when they saw him; they used to cry when he started talking. He was a popular man. He used to recite a piece of poem and made all cry. Scientists, leaders and minister used to participate in his meetings. All used to repent after his meetings.”

Al-Yonini, Ghotb Al-Din Abu Al-Fath Musa Ibn Muhammad, Zeil Merat Al-Zaman v 1 p 15

About him, Al-Akri Hanbali (died in 10890) says:

سبط ابن الجوزي العلامة الواعظ المؤرخ شمس الدين أبو المظفر يوسف بن فرغلي التركي ثم البغدادي الهبيري الحنفي سبط الشيخ أبي الفرج بن الجوزي أسمعه جده منه ومن ابن كليب وجماعة وقدم دمشق سنة بضع وستمائة فوعظ بها وحصل له القبول العظيم للطف شمائله وعذوبة وعظه ... ولو لم يكن له إلا كتابه مرآة الزمان لكفاه شرفا .

Al-Akari Al-Hanbali, Abdul Al-Hay Ibn Ahmad Bin Muhammad, Shazarat Al-Zahab Fi Akhbar Min Zahab v 5 p 266. Researched by: Abdul Ghader Al-Ghader Al-Arnut, Mahmud Al-Arnavet, published by: Dar-Ibn Kasir Damascus Al-Tabat Al-Aval 1406.

9. Alame Esmaeel Bin Muhammad Al-Ajluni Al-Jarahi (died in 1162)

Ajluni, the writer of Kashf Al-Khafa and the famous Sunni scholar of 12th century, says about Hadith Ghadir:

( من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه ) رواه الطبراني وأحمد والضياء في المختارة عن زيد بن أرقم وعلي وثلاثين من الصحابة بلفظ اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه فالحديث متواتر أو مشهور .

“Hadith of «من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه» was quoted by Tabrani, Ahmad and Zia, in Al-Mokhtare, from Zeid Ibn Argham, Ali and 30 companions; therefore this Hadith is successive and famous”

Al-Ajluni Al-Jarahi, Esmaeel Bin Muhammad, Kashf Al-Khafa and Mazil Al-Lebas Ama Ashtahar Min al-Ahadis Ala Senat Al-Nas, v 2 p 361 no: 2591. Researched by: Ahmad Ghalash, Published by: Al-Resalat Institute Beirut Al-Tabat: 1405

Al-Ajluni`s Translation:

Al-Badiri (died in 1175), in his translation, writes:

وفي يوم الاثنين ثاني محرم هذه السنة توفي شيخنا محدث الديار الشامية ، بل خاتمة المحدثين ، من افتخرت به دمشق على سائر الدنيا الشيخ إسماعيل العجلوني المدرّس تحت قبة النسر بجامع بني أمية ، ولم يبق أحد من أهل الشام من كبير وصغير إلا حضر جنازته .

“In 1162 Moharam 2, our teacher, the Hadith narrator in Damascus, the one whom people were proud of having him in her city, passed away. People, from different groups, attended his burial ceremonies”

Al-Badiri Al-Halagh, Ahmad Bin Badir, Havades Damascus Al-Yomie v 1 p 30 /the incidents in 1162

The researcher of the book Kasfh Al-Khafa, in the introduction p 6, writes:

وقد ترجمه الشيخ سعيد السمان في كتابه وقال في وصفه : خاتمة أئمة الحديث ومن ألقت إليه مقاليدها بالقديم والحديث اقتدح زناده فيه فأضاء وشاع حتى ملأ الفضاء آخذا بطرفي العلم والعمل متسنما ذروة عن غيره بعيدة الأمل يقطع آناء الليل تضرعا وعبادة ويوسع أطراف النهار قراءة وإفادة لا يشغله عن ترداده النظر في دفاتره مرام ولا عن نشر طيبها نقض ولا إبرام مع ورع ليس للرياء عليه سبيل وغض بصر عما لا يعني من هذا القبيل ... .

“He was the great Imam of the Hadith reciters; he was truly aware of all sciences. He used to worship at nights and teach in days; he was a pious man”

10. Muhammad Bin Esmaeel Sanani (died in 1182)

Sanani, the writer of Sabl Islam, about Hadith Ghadri, says:

حديث من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه أخرجه جماعة من أئمة الحديث منهم أحمد والحاكم من حديث ابن عباس وابن أبي شيبة وأحمد من حديث ابن عباس عن بريدة وأحمد وابن ماجه عن البراء و ... وقد عده أئمة من المتواتر .

“A group of scholars like Ahmad Hanbal, Hakim Neishaburi, Ibn Abi Sheibe and Ibn Maje narrated the Hadith of من کنت مولا... with documents. Some the scholars have consider it as a successive Hadith”

Al-Hasni Al-Sanani, Muhammad Bin Esmaeel Al-Amir, Tozih Al-Afkar Maani Tanghih Al-Anzar v 1 p 243, researched by: Muhammad Mohe Al-Din Abdul Hamid, published: Al-Maktabat Al-Salfiat Medina.

Sanani`s Translation:

About him, Alghonuji says:

كتاب اسبال المطر على قصب السكر وكتاب توضيح الافكار شرح تنقيح الانظار كلاهما للسيد الامام المجتهد العلامة محمد بن إسماعيل الامير اليمني رحمه الله .

“The author of the book called Asbal Al-Matr and Tozih Al-Afkar, is Allame Muhammad Esmaeel; he is the Imam, the jurist”

Al-Ghonuji, Sedigh Bin Hassan, Abjad Al-Olum Al-Vashi Al-Marghum Fi Bayan Ahval Al—Olum v 2 p 66, published: Abdul Jabar Zekar, published: Dar AL-Kotob Al-Elmie Beirut 1978

Esmaeel Basha Baghdadi (died 1339 Hejira), in Hadait Al-Arefin, writes:

السيد محمد بدر الدين ابن المتوكل على الله اسماعيل بن صلاح الامير الكحلاني ثم الصنعاني رئيس العلماء والخطيب بها هو من اصحاب الحديث والاجتهاد .

“He was the head of the scholar and he was the man of Jihad”

Al-Baghdadi, Esmaeel Basha Al-Baghdadi, Hadiat Al-Arefin Asma Al-Moalefin and Asar Al-Monsefin v 6 p 338, published by Dar-al Kotob Al-Elmie Beirut 1413- 1992

11. Muhammad Bin Jafar Al-Katani (died in 1345 Hejira)

Jafar Katani, the scholar of 14th century, says about Hadith Ghadir:

وفي رواية لأحمد أنه سمعه من النبي (ص) ثلاثون صحابيا وشهدوا به لعلي لما نوزع أيام خلافته وممن صرح بتواتره أيضا المناوي في التيسير نقلا عن السيوطي وشارح المواهب اللدنية وفي الصفوة للمناوي .

“Ahmad quoted from thirty companions of Prophet testified to Ali that they heard the Hadith of Ghadir from Prophet; and the one who consider this Hadith as a successive one is Monadi who quoted from Souti”

Al-Katani, Muhammad Bin Jafar Abu Abdullah, Nazm Al-Metnaser Min Al-Hadith Al-Motevater v 1 p 195, Researched by: Sharaf Hejazi Published by: Dar-al-Kotob Al-Salafie Egypt

12. Muhammad Naser Al-Bani (1332 Hejira, 1914/ 1420 Hejira, 1999)

Muhammad Naser Al-Bani, the Hadith narrator and the one who lived at the time of Wahhabi, the one who wrote more than hundred books, says about Hadith Ghadir:

و للحديث طرق أخرى كثيرة جمع طائفة كبيرة منها الهيثمي في " المجمع " ( 9 / 103 - 108 ) و قد ذكرت و خرجت ما تيسر لي منها مما يقطع الواقف عليها بعد تحقيق الكلام على أسانيدها بصحة الحديث يقينا ، و إلا فهي كثيرة جدا ، و قد استوعبها ابن عقدة في كتاب مفرد ، قال الحافظ ابن حجر : منها صحاح و منها حسان . 
و جملة القول أن حديث الترجمة حديث صحيح بشطريه ، بل الأول منه متواتر عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم كما ظهر لمن تتبع أسانيده و طرقه ، و ما ذكرت منها كفاية .

“There are a lot of narrated documents about Hadith Ghadir; people like Heisami mentioned them in Al-Majma Asnad. What I said is a part of it; and whoever read it will be sure about the authenticity of the documents. Ibn Aghade talked about all the narrators in a separated book and Ibn Hajar, based on some documents, considers it authentic, and based on some other documents, considers it virtuous. To make the long story short, both part of the Hadith are correct and authentic; the first part was narrated successively from Prophet Muhammad”

Al-Bani, Muhammad Naser (contemporary), Al-Selselat Al-Sahih v 4 p 249, According to the program of Al-Maktabat Al-Shamelat

Al-Bani`s Translation

Wahhabis have made a website for him in internet; they have introduced him in this way:

العلامة الشيخ محمد ناصر الدين الألباني أحد أبرز العلماء المسلمين في العصر الحديث ، ويعتبر الشيخ الألباني من علماء الحديث البارزين المتفردين في علم الجرح والتعديل ، والشيخ الألباني حجة في مصطلح الحديث وقال عنه العلماء المحدثون إنه أعاد عصر ابن حجر العسقلاني والحافظ بن كثير وغيرهم من علماء الجرح والتعديل .

“Allame Naser Al-Din Al-Bani is one the famous scholar of the time; he was unique in narrating Hadith and in Jarh and Tadil. Some of the scientists, about him, said: Al-Bani, in the time of Ibn Hajar Asghalani, Ibn Kasir and other Hadith experts revived the science of Jarh and Tadil”

Then, he says:

قال سماحة الشيخ عبد العزيز بن باز رحمه الله :
«ما رأيت تحت أديم السماء عالما بالحديث في العصر الحديث مثل العلامة محمد ناصر الدين الألباني» .

“Bin Baze, the former Mufti of Hejaz, says: “Today, there is no expert more knowledgeable than Sheikh Naser Al-Bani”

Then, he writes:

وسئل سماحته عن حديث رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : «ان الله يبعث لهذه الأمه على رأس كل مائة سنة من يجدد لها دينها» فسئل من مجدد هذا القرن ، فقال رحمه الله : الشيخ محمد ناصر الدين الألباني هو مجدد هذا العصر في ظني والله أعلم .

“When Prophet said: “God sends someone, every hundred years, to revive the religion”, someone asked Bin Baz: “Who is this reviver now?” He said: “I assume that Al-Bani is the reviver of the religion and practice”

He quotes from Sheikh Maghbel Al-Vadei:

والذي أعتقده وأدين الله به أن الشيخ محمد ناصر الدين الألباني حفظه الله من المجددين الذين يصدق عليهم قول الرسول (صلى الله عليه وسلم) : «إن الله يبعث على رأس كل مائة سنة من يجدد لها أمر دينها» .

“Maghbel Vadei said: “What I believe is that Al-Bani is the reviver of religion as Prophet Muhammad said: “Every century, someone borns and revived the religion”

Source: http://alalbany.net/albany_serah.php

13. Shoaib Al-Arnut (Contemporary)

Shoaib Al-Arnut is the famous Sunni contemporary researcher who has corrected and researched many books like: Tahzib Al-Kamal, Siar Alam Nobala, Mosnad Ahmad and …. . In the research of Mosnad Ahmad, under the Hadith no 3062, says:

قوله « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه » لها شواهد كثيرة تبلغ حد التواتر .

“Hadith of من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه has many documents that prove that it is a successive Hadith”

Ahmad Hanbal, Mosnad Ahmad Bin Hanbal, (Al-AHadith Mazilat Be Ahkam Shoaib Al-Arnut) v 1 p 330, under the Hadith 3062, published: Gortobat Institute Cairo

Sunni Scholars Confessing the Authenticity of Hadith Ghadir

1. Termezi quoting from Abu Latif

حدثنا محمد بن بَشَّارٍ حدثنا محمد بن جَعْفَرٍ حدثنا شُعْبَةُ عن سَلَمَةَ بن كُهَيْلٍ قَال سمعت أَبَا الطُّفَيْلِ يحدث عن أبي سَرِيحَةَ أو زَيْدِ بن أَرْقَمَ شَكَّ شُعْبَةُ عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : «من كنت مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ» .
قال : أبو عِيسَى هذا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صحيح وقد رَوَى شُعْبَةُ هذا الحديث عن مَيْمُونٍ أبي عبد اللَّهِ عن زَيْدِ بن أَرْقَمَ عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وأبو سَرِيحَةَ هو حُذَيْفَةُ بن أَسِيدٍ الْغِفَارِيُّ صَاحِبُ النبي .

“Ibn Sarih or Zeid Ibn Argham quoted from Prophet Muhammad as saying: “Whoever I am his leader, Ali will be his leader as well”. This Hadith is authentic; and it is quoted from Meimun Ibn Abdullah quoting from Zeid Ibn Argham, quoting from Prophet Muhammad. Abu Sarihe is the same Hozaife Ibn Asid Ghafari, the Prophet`s companion.”

Al-Termezi, Muhammad Ibn Isa Abu Isa Al-Selami (died in 279 Hejira), sonan Termezi v 5 p 633, Hadith 3713 chapter of Managheb Ali Ibn Abi Taleb, researched by: Ahmad Muhammad Shaker Vakherun published by: Dar Al-Ehya Al-Toras Al-ArabiBeirut

Muhammad Naser Al-Bani, after narrating this Hadith, says:

أخرجه الترمذي و قال : «حديث حسن صحيح» .
قلت : وإسناده صحيح على شرط الشيخين .

“Termezi quoted that and he considered it as an authentic Hadith    ; and I say that its document, considering the conditions of Sahih Bokhari and Moslem, is authentic”

Al-Albani, Muhammad Naser, Selselat Al-AHadith Al-Sahihat v 4 p 331-332, published by: Maktabat Al-Maaerf Riyadh

2. Ibn Maje Ghazvini quoting from Sad Ibn Abi Veghas:

حدثنا عَلِيُّ بن مُحَمَّدٍ ثنا أبو مُعَاوِيَةَ ثنا مُوسَى بن مُسْلِمٍ عن بن سَابِطٍ وهو عبد الرحمن عن سَعْدِ بن أبي وَقَّاصٍ قال قَدِمَ مُعَاوِيَةُ في بَعْضِ حَجَّاتِهِ فَدَخَلَ عليه سَعْدٌ فَذَكَرُوا عَلِيًّا فَنَالَ منه فَغَضِبَ سَعْدٌ وقال تَقُولُ هذا لِرَجُلٍ سمعت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول من كنت مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ وَسَمِعْتُهُ يقول أنت مِنِّي بِمَنْزِلَةِ هَارُونَ من مُوسَى إلا أَنَّهُ لَا نَبِيَّ بَعْدِي وَسَمِعْتُهُ يقول لَأُعْطِيَنَّ الرَّايَةَ الْيَوْمَ رَجُلًا يُحِبُّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ .

“Abdul Rahamn, known as Ibn Sabet, quoted from Saad Ibn Abi Veghas that when Moavia went, for Haj, to Mecca, Saad Ibn Abi Veghas visited him. The attendees started talking behind Ali (pbuh) to make Moavia Happy. Saad got angry and said: “You are attributing these nonsenses to someone about whom Prophet said:

«من كنت مولاه فعلىّ مولاه»

And I saw Prophet Muhammad addressing his speech to Ali (pbuh) and said:

«انت منّى بمنزلة هارون من موسى الّا أنّه لا نبىّ بعدى»

He also said:

«لاعطينّ الرّاية رجلا يحبّ اللّه و رسوله

“I bequeath the banner of battle to someone whom God and Prophet love him”

Ibn Maje Ghazvini, Muhammad Ibn Yazid (died in 275 Hejira), Sonan Ibn Maje v 1 p 45 Hadith 121, chapter: The virtues of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb, researched by: Muhammad Foad Abdul Baghi, published: Dar-Al Fekr Beirut

Muhammad Naser Al-Bani, after narrating the tradition, says:

أخرجه ابن ماجة ( 121 ) . قلت : و إسناده صحيح .

Al-Bani, Muhammad Naser, Selselat Al-AHadith Al-Sahihat v 4 p 249, according to the Al-Maktabat Al-Shamelat program

3. Ibn Majer Ghazvini quoting from Bara Ibn Azeb:

حدثنا عَلِيُّ بن مُحَمَّدٍ ثنا أبو الْحُسَيْنِ أخبرني حَمَّادُ بن سَلَمَةَ عن عَلِيِّ بن زَيْدِ بن جُدْعَانَ عن عَدِيِّ بن ثَابِتٍ عن الْبَرَاءِ بن عَازِبٍ قال أَقْبَلْنَا مع رسول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم في حَجَّتِهِ التي حَجَّ فَنَزَلَ في بَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ فَأَمَرَ الصَّلَاةَ جَامِعَةً فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِ عَلِيٍّ فقال أَلَسْتُ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ من أَنْفُسِهِمْ قالوا بَلَى قال أَلَسْتُ أَوْلَى بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ من نَفْسِهِ قالوا بَلَى قال فَهَذَا وَلِيُّ من أنا مَوْلَاهُ اللهم وَالِ من وَالَاهُ اللهم عَادِ من عَادَاهُ .

“Adi Ibn Sabet quoted from Bara Ibn Azeb that he had the honor of accompanying Prophet in his last Haj. He said: “On the way back, Prophet ordered us to pray congregationally, then he raised Ali`s hand and said:

«ألست أَوْلى‏ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ؟  

“Aren`t I more superior to the believers?” All said yes. He again said: “«ألست أولى بكلّ مؤمن من نفسه “Aren`t I more deserve than the believers?” They all again said yes. Then he pointed to Ali and said: «فهذا ولىّ من أنا مولاه» since you accepted what I just said, be aware that Ali is as superior as I am to every believer”. Then he said: “Oh God, love those who love Ali and disgrace his enemies”

Ibn Maje Ghazvini, Muhammad Ibn Yazid (died in 275 Hejira) Sonan Ibn Maje v 1 p 43, Hadith 116, the virutes of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb, researched by: Muhammad Foad Abd Al-Baghi, published by: Dar Al-Fekr Beirut.

Al-Bani, after narrating this tradition, says: “It is authentic”

Muhammad Naser Al-Bani, Sahih Ibn Maje v 1 p 26 Hadith 113, according to the Al-Maktabat Al-Shamelat Program

4. Ibn Hajar Asghalani quoting from Amir Al-Momeneen

وقال إسحاق : أخبرنا أبو عامر العقدي ، عن كثير بن زيد ، عن محمد بن [ عمر ] بن علي عن أبيه ، عن علي رضي الله عنه قال : إن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم حضر الشجرة بخم ، ثم خرج آخذا بيد علي رضي الله عنه قال : « ألستم تشهدون أن الله تبارك وتعالى ربكم ؟ » قالوا : بلى . قال صلى الله عليه وسلم : « ألستم تشهدون أن الله ورسوله أولى بكم من أنفسكم وأن الله تعالى ورسوله أولياؤكم ؟ » . فقالوا : بلى . قال : « فمن كان الله ورسوله مولاه فإن هذا مولاه ، وقد تركت فيكم ما إن أخذتم به لن تضلوا كتاب الله تعالى ، سببه بيدي ، وسببه بأيديكم ، وأهل بيتي » .

“Amir Al-Momeneen said: “Prophet Muhammad was under a tree in an area called Khom, he stood aside the tree and grabbed my hand and told people: “Oh people, do you believe god? They said: “Yes” “Do you believe that Allah and me are more deserve than you and your souls? Do you believe that Allah and his Prophet (me) are your leaders? They said: “Yes” He said: “Those whose leader is Allah and me, Ali will be his leader as well” “For now, I leave you two precious things and if you resort to them you will not be deviated; one is Quran which is a firm cable between you and Allah, one side of it is in Allah`s hand and the other side is your hand; and the other thing is my Ahl-al-Beit.”

Ibn Hajar, after narrating this tradition, says:

( هذا إسناد صحيح ) ، وحديث غدير خم قد أخرج النسائي من رواية أبي الطفيل عن زيد بن أرقم ، وعلي ، وجماعة من الصحابة رضي الله عنهم ، وفي هذا زيادة ليست هناك ، وأصل الحديث أخرجه الترمذي أيضا .

“The document of this Hadith is authentic. The Hadith of Ghadir is quoted from Nesaee quoting from Abu Tofeil quoting from Zeid Ibn Argham quoting from Amir Al-Momeneen and companions. In this tradition, there are more statements than that one. The genuine Hadith of Termezi is quoted”

Ibn Hajar Asghalani, Ahmad Ibn Ali Ibn Hajar (died in 852 Hejira)  Al-Mataleb Al-Alie Bezavaed Al-Masaeed Al-Samanee v 16 p 142, Hadith no 3943, researched by: D. Saad Ibn Naser Ibn Abdul Al-Aziz Al-Shetri, published by: Dar Al-Asemat. Dar Al-Gheis Al-Suadi Al-Tabat: Al-Aval 1419 Hejira

5. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal quoting from Riah Ibn Al-Haras.

حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبي ثنا يحيى بن آدَمَ ثنا حَنَشُ بن الحرث بن لَقِيطٍ النخعي الأشجعي عن رِيَاحِ بن الحرث قال جاء رَهْطٌ إلى عَلِىٍّ بِالرَّحْبَةِ فَقَالُوا السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يا مَوْلاَنَا قال كَيْفَ أَكُونُ مَوْلاَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ عَرَبٌ قالوا سَمِعْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يوم غد يرخم يقول من كنت مَوْلاَهُ فان هذا مَوْلاَهُ قال رِيَاحٌ فلما مَضَوْا تَبِعْتُهُمْ فَسَأَلْتُ من هَؤُلاَءِ قالوا نَفَرٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فِيهِمْ أبو أَيُّوبَ الأنصاري .

“Nakhaee quoted a tradition from Riah Ibn Hares which says that a group of people visited Amir Al-Momeneen, in Harbe. They saluted him and said: «السّلام عليك يا مولانا» Ali (pbuh) asked them: “How am I your leader, while you are Arabs?” they said: “Because we head Prophet, in the day of Ghadir Khom, saying:

«من كنت فانّ هذا مولاه»

Riha says: “When they said goodbye to Ali (pbuh) I followed them and ask some people that who were they? They said: “They are from “Ansar” among which Abu Ayoob Ansari was there.”

Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Abu Abdullah Al-Shibani (died in 241 Hejira) Mosnad Al-Imam Hanbal v 5 p 419 Hadith no 23609 published by: Ghortobat Institute Egypt

Al-Bani, after narrating this tradition, says:

أخرجه أحمد والطبراني من طريق حنش بن الحارث بن لقيط النخعي الأشجعي عن رياح بن الحارث . 
قلت : وهذا إسناد جيد رجاله ثقات . وقال الهيثمي : « رواه أحمد و الطبراني ، ورجال أحمد ثقات » .

“This tradition is quoted from Ahmad and Tabarani quoting from Hanash Ibn Hares Ibn Laghit quoting from Riah Ibn Hares. I believe that its document and its narrators are authentic; and Heisami said that Ahmad and Tabarani quoted that; and the narrators of Mosnad Ahmad are authentic”

Al-Bani, Muhammad Naser, Al-Selselat Al-Sahihat v 4 p 249 According to the Al-Maktabat Al-Shamelat Program

حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبي ثنا حُسَيْنُ بن مُحَمَّدٍ وأبو نُعَيْمٍ الْمَعْنَى قَالاَ ثنا فِطْرٌ عن أبي الطُّفَيْلِ قال جَمَعَ علي رضي الله عنه الناس في الرَّحَبَةِ ثُمَّ قال لهم أَنْشُدُ اللَّهَ كُلَّ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ سمع رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول يوم غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ ما سمع لَمَّا قام فَقَامَ ثَلاَثُونَ مِنَ الناس وقال أبو نُعَيْمٍ فَقَامَ نَاسٌ كَثِيرٌ فَشَهِدُوا حين أَخَذَهُ بيده فقال لِلنَّاسِ أَتَعْلَمُونَ انى أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ من أَنْفُسِهِمْ قالوا نعم يا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قال من كنت مَوْلاَهُ فَهَذَا مَوْلاَهُ اللهم وَالِ من وَالاَهُ وَعَادِ من عَادَاهُ قال فَخَرَجْتُ وَكَأَنَّ في نفسي شَيْئاً فَلَقِيتُ زَيْدَ بن أَرْقَمَ فقلت له انى سمعت عَلِيًّا رضي الله عنه يقول كَذَا وَكَذَا قال فما تُنْكِرُ قد سمعت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول ذلك له .

“Fetr Ibn Khalife quoted from Abu Tafil that Amir-al-Momeneen gathered people in Rahbe and said: “I demand all who people who heard what Prophet Muhammad said in Ghadir Khom to stand up. Thirty stood to testify. Abu Naeem said many people stood up and testified that Prophet raised Ali`s hand and told people:

“Do you know that I am more qualified than you? All people agreed with people and consequently Prophet said: «من كنت مولاه فهذا مولاه»
And he added: “Oh God, love those who love Ali, and consider the enemies of Ali as your enemies”

Abutafil said: “I got out of the crowd sadly. When the crowd was coming back, I went to visit and told him: “I heard from Ali such and such” Zeid said: “Don’t deny what you heard because what you heard I heard it from Prophet Muhammad”

Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Abu Abdullah Al-Shibani (died in 241) Mosnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal v 4 p 370 Hadith 19321 Published: Ghoratab Institute Egypt.

Al-Bani, after narrating this tradition, says:

أخرجه أحمد ( 4 / 370 ) و ابن حبان في " صحيحه " ( 2205 - موارد الظمآن ) و ابن أبي عاصم ( 1367 و 1368 ) و الطبراني ( 4968 ) و الضياء في " المختارة " ( رقم -527 بتحقيقي ) .
قلت : و إسناده صحيح على شرط البخاري . و قال الهيثمي في " المجمع " ( 9 / 104) : " رواه أحمد و رجاله رجال الصحيح غير فطر بن خليفة و هو ثقة " .

“This tradition is quoted by Ahmad, Ibn Heban in his Sahih, Ibn Abi Asem, Tabarani, Maghdesi in Al-Mokhtare which I personally investigated. What I believe is that this tradition, according to the conditions of Sahih Bokhari, is authentic. Heisami, in Majam Al-Zavaed, said that it was quoted by Ahmad; and the narrators of the Ahmad and Sahih Bokhari are all authentic expect Fetr Ibn Khalife who is also reliable”

Al-Bani, Muhammad Naser, Al-Selselat Al-Sahihat v 4 p 249, According to the Al-Maktabat Al-Shamelat



 





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