Wednesday 7 December 2016
Who was the first person that cried for Imam Hussein?
ID: 243 Publish Date: 27 January 2016 - 19:59 Count Views: 383
Question & Answer » Shia beliefs
Who was the first person that cried for Imam Hussein?

 This question has been come up by: Amini

 

The explanation of the question:

 

According to what has been said in the Shiite books, the first person that mourned for Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) was Hazrat Adam. What is the opinion of the Sunni scholars about this area? Do they accept this narration? Are there narrations in his books about the first person that cried for Sayad Al-Shohada (peace be upon him) (before Imam Hussein martyred)?                         

 

Answer:

                                                    

Some narrations have been narrated about the mention of remembrance of Abi Abdullah (peace be upon him) even before his birth and before the time of the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)  

                                                                                                       

of Imam Hussein ( peace be upon him ) three The mention of the martyrdom

                                                                                                   

Hundred years before Besat:

 

2874 حدثنا محمد بن عبد الله الحضرمي ثنا محمد بن غورك ثنا أبو سعيد التغلبي عن يحيى بن يمان عن إمام لبني سليم عن أشياخ له غزوا الروم فنزلوا في كنيسة من كنائسهم فقرأوا في حجر مكتوب:

أيرجوا معشر قتلوا حسينا شفاعة جده يوم الحساب

فسألناهم منذ كم بنيت هذه الكنيسة قالوا قبل أن يبعث نبيكم بثلاث مائة سنة قال أبو جعفر الحضرمي وثنا جندل بن والق عن محمد بن غورك ثم سمعته من محمد بن غورك

 

When we were fighting with Rome, I entered one of its churches. There was a stone that has been written on ' ' does a nation that kills Hussein hope the intermediate of his grandfather in the day of the doomsday?                              

Al-Mojam Al-Kabir Al-Tabarani v 3 p 124

                                                                                           

وروينا أن صخرة وجدت قبل مبعث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بثلاث مائة سنة وعليها مكتوب باليونانية

أيرجو معشر قتلوا حسينا

 

 

We were informed that a rock was found in Beit Al-Moghadas three hundred years before Besat of the messenger of God and it had been written on it with the language of Saryani                                                                                    

Does a nation that kills Hussein…

Al-Nabsarat Ibn Jozi v 2 p 17

 

  

It has been said in the following books like these two narrations

 

Tahzib Al-Kamal, v 6 p 442, Bagiat Al-Talab Fi Tarikh  Halab ,v 6- p 2653, sobh Al-Asha Fi Sanaat Al-Ensha , v 13 p 234 ,Al-Khasaes Al-Kobra  Souti ,v 1 p 63                                                                                                                         

 

According to the confession of the Sunni scientists, Hakem Neishaburi has said in the book Amali ' ' like this narration (about a text with such poems) and he has added to it. But, unfortunately, this narration cannot be found in his book.  Apart from the mentioned poem, this added part includes the name of Ibrahim Khalil Allah (as a writer)                                                                                

                                                                                                  

حديث أنس أن رجلا من أهل نجران احتفر حفيرة فوجد فيها لوحا من ذهب فيه مكتوب :

 

اترجو أمة قتلت حسينا شفاعة جده يوم الحساب

وكتب ابراهيم خليل الله فجاؤا باللوح إلى رسول الله فقرأه ثم بكى وقال من آذانى وعترتى لم تنله شفاعتى حا فى أماليه

 

The narration of Anas is that a person from Najran delves a hole and then he finds a board from gold in it. It was written on it ' ' Does a nation…and the name of Ibrahim Khalil Allah was also written on it. Then he took it to the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). The prophet read it and cried and bade ' ' if someone hurts me and my family, he will have my intermediate. Hakem in the book ' ' Amali ' '                                             

Tanzie Al-Shariat Ali Ben Muhammad Ben Ali Ben Aragh Al-Kanani v 1 p 409

 


The Sunni narrations about crying for Abi Abdullah (peace be upon him):

 

Whatever is found about crying for Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) in the Sunni books has been about the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)                                                                                                 

We narrate the statement of Zahabi that has been known as bias     in this part,

 

and we translate the important parts 

 

وقال الإمام أحمد في مسنده ثنا محمد بن عبيد ثنا شرحبيل بن مدرك عن عبد الله بن نجي عن أبيه أنه سار مع علي وكان صاحب مطهرته فلما حاذى نينوى وهو سائر إلى صفين فنادى اصبر أبا عبد الله بشط الفرات قلت وما ذاك قال دخلت على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وعيناه تفيضان فقال قام من عندي جبريل فحدثني أن الحسين يقتل بشط الفرات وقال هل لك أن أشمك من تربته قلت نعم فقبض قبضة من تراب فأعطانيها فلم أملك عيني أن فاضتا وروى نحوه ابن سعد عن المدائني عن يحيى بن زكريا عن رجل عن الشعبي أن علياً قال وهو بشط الفرات صبراً أبا عبد الله وذكر الحديث

وقال عمارة بن زاذان ثنا ثابت عن أنس قال استأذن ملك القطر على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في يوم أم سلمة فقال يا أم سلمة احفظي علينا الباب لا يدخل علينا أحد فبينا هي على الباب إذ جاء الحسين فاقتحم الباب ودخل فجعل يتوثب على ظهر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فجعل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يلثمه فقال الملك أتحبه قال نعم قال فإن أمتك ستقتله إن شئت أريتك المكان الذي يقتل فيه قال نعم فجاءه بسهلة أو تراب أحمرقال ثابت فكنا نقول إنها كربلاء

عمارة صالح الحديث رواه الناس عن شيبان عنه

وقال علي بن الحسين بن واقد حدثني أبي ثنا أبو غالب عن أبي أمامة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لنسائه لا تبكوا هذا الصبي يعني حسيناً فكان يوم أم سلمة فنزل جبريل فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لأم سلمة لا تدعي أحداً يدخل فجاء حسين فبكى فخلته أم سلمة يدخل فدخل حتى جلس في حجر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال جبريل إن أمتك ستقتله قال يقتلونه وهم مؤمنون قال نعم وأراه تربته رواه الطبراني

وقال إبراهيم بن طهمان عن عباد بن إسحاق وقال خالد بن مخلد واللفظ له ثنا موسى بن يعقوب الزمعي كلاهما عن هاشم بن هاشم الزهري عن عبد الله بن زمعة قال أخبرتني أم سلمة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم اضطجع ذات يوم فاستيقظ وهو خاثر ثم اضطجع ثم استيقظ وهو خاثر دون المرة الأولى ثم رقد ثم استيقظ وفي يده تربة حمراء وهو يقبلها فقلت ما هذه التربة قال أخبرني جبريل أن الحسين يقتل بأرض العراق وهذه تربتها

وقال وكيع ثنا عبد الله بن سعيد عن أبيه عن عائشة أو أم سلمة شك عبد الله أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لها دخل علي البيت ملك لم يدخل علي قبلها فقال لي إن ابنك هذا حسيناً مقتول وإن شئت أريتك من تربة الأرض التي يقتل بها

رواه عبد الرزاق عن عبد الله بن سعيد بن أبي هند مثله إلا أنه قال أم سلمة ولم يشك

وإسناده صحيح رواه أحمد والناس

وروي عن شهر بن حوشب وأبي وائل كلاهما عن أم سلمة نحوه

 

 

Ahmad Ben Hanbel has said in the book ' ' Mosnad ' ' …he accompanied Imam Ali and carried the dish of his water. Then when he arrived Neinava he called ' ' O ' the son of Abdullah! Wait in the river of Forat ' ' as he was going to Safein. I said ' ' what does it mean? ' ' he bade ' ' I visited the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) as his two eyes were bubbling (like spring) ' '. Then he bade to me ' ' Jebreil stood beside me and said ' ' Hussein will be killed beside the river of Forat ' '. And he also added ' ' would you like to feel the smell of his tomb ' '. I said ' ' yes ' '. Then he gave a fist of his dirt. Then I could not help my crying…                                                                                                

It has been narrated from Anas ' ' the anger of rain wanted the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) to let him visit him when the prophet was in the house of Um Salame. Then Hazrat Muhammad bade ' ' keep an eye to the door so that no one comes to us ' '. In such time, Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) came and then he insisted on coming in and hid behind the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendant). The messenger of God kissed him. Then the anger of rain said ' ' do you love him? ' ' Hazrat Muhammad bade ' ' yes ' '. He said ' ' your nation will kill him after you. If you want, I will show the place of his martyrdom ' '. Then Hazrat Muhammad accepted it. He took the prophet beside the hill with the red dirt.                            

Sabet said ' ' we said it in Karbela and the narrations of Amare are good ' '.

 

…the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) bade to his wives ' ' do not make this child, Hussein, cry ' '. When the prophet wanted to remind this remark, Gabriel descended. Hazrat Muhammad bade to Um Salame ' ' do not let anyone enter the room ' '. Then Hussein came and started crying. Um Salame let him enter. He entered and sat on the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). Then Gabriel said ' ' your nation will kill him ' '. Hazrat asked ' ' they kill him whereas they are devout (they claim they believe in God ' '. he said ' ' yes ' '. then he showed his tomb to Hazrat Muhammad ' '.

…Um Salame informed me that one day the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) had slept and he woke up sadly. Then he slept and woke up again. Therefore, he felt better. He slept and woke up and he had red dirt in his hand and kissed it. I asked ' ' what is this dirt? ' ' he bade ' ' Gabriel informed that Hussein would be killed in Iraq and this is his dirt…                    

 

The messenger of God bade to me ' ' an angel came to me that has never come to me so far. Then he said ' ' your child, Hussein, will be killed and if you want, I will show you the dirt of the land that will be killed in…its document is valid and Ahmad and some have narrated it.      

 

Tarikh Al-Eslam Zahabi, v 5 p 102

                                                                

                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                             Good luck

 

 

 

 



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