Sunday 4 December 2016
Has the verse ‘’ and he who brings the truth and he who accept it as the truth, these are they that guard (against evil) ‘’ been revealed in the honor of Abu Bakr?
ID: 138 Publish Date: 20 January 2016 - 13:33 Count Views: 124
Question & Answer » Sunni
Has the verse ‘’ and he who brings the truth and he who accept it as the truth, these are they that guard (against evil) ‘’ been revealed in the honor of Abu Bakr?

A QUESTION BY; SAYED ASKARI
 

RESPONSE

وَ الَّذي جاءَ بِالصِّدْقِ وَ صَدَّقَ بِهِ أُولئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُون‏ . الزمر / 33 .

And he who brings the truth and he who accept it as the truth, these are they that guard (against evil)

THE BRIEF RESPONSE

At first; according to the narration of Sahih Bokhari from the quotation of Ayeshah that no verse of the holy Qur’an has been revealed pertaining to us

مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِينَا شَيْئًا مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ . صحيح البخاري ، البخاري ، ج 6 ، ص 42 .

-Majma Al-Zavaed , Heithami v 9, p 47,48, Fath Al-Bari Ibn Hajar , v 13, p 413

Secondly; the narration which proves this point for Abu Bakr is considerd as a false and fabricated narration from the point of view of the Sunnite scholars as well as the acknowledgement of their own great figures

-Sahih Moslem v 5, p 157, Ketab Al-Jahad ,Chapter Hokm Al-Fi

Thirdly; the real view of the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) pertaining to Abu Bakr and Omar is the same view which has been mentioned in Sahih Moslem in which His Holiness called those two as the liar, sinful, betrayer and tricker

(الذي صدق به هو علي كرم الله تعالى وجهه ).

-Tafsir Al-Alusi, Al-Alusi v 24, p 3, Al-Dor Al-Mansur Jalal Al-Din Al-Souti v 5, p 328

Fourthly; there are various narrations in the Sunnite books which prove that this verse of the holy Qur’an has been revealed pertaining to the honor of the commander of the faithful (peace eb upon him)

THE DETAELD RESPONSE

Some of the Sunnite scholars and commentators such as Fakhr Razi and … makes efforts to prove that this narration has been revealed pertaining to Abu Bakr and the real intent of ‘’ The man who accept that’’ is Abu Bakr but with referral to the Sunnite sources and texts we will find out that this claim is not right but this verse has been revealed pertaining to the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him)

In order to prove that point we are going to suffice to some proofs of the Sunnite sources and texts

 

No verse has been revealed pertaining to the family of Abu Bakr

 Mohammad Ibn Esmaeil Bokhari writes in the quotation of Ayesha the daughter of Abu Bakr that

مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِينَا شَيْئًا مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ .

No verse of the holy Qur’an has been revealed pertaining to the our household

-Sahih Al-Bokhari, Al-Bokhari, v 6, p 42

According to this narration which has been mentioned in the Sunnite most authentic book after the holy book then all of the narrations which have been mentioned in the Sunnite books pertaining to the revelation of some verses of the holy Qur’an about Abu bakr are false and in contrast to this narration

 

The weakness of the narration’s proof pertaining to the revelation of the verse about Abi Bakr

The Sunnite scholars themselves have weakened this narration and Haythami the Sunnite famous scholar says after the quotation of a detailed narration from the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) pertaining to the virtues of Abu Bakr that

وعن أسيد بن صفوان صاحب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لما توفى أبو بكر سجى بثوب فارتجت المدينة بالبكاء ودهش كيوم قبض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وجاء علي بن أبي طالب مسترجعا مسرعا وهو يقول اليوم انقطعت خلافة النبوة ... فسماك الله في كتابه صديقا فقال والذي جاء بالصدق محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم وصدق به أبو بكر ... رواه البزار وفيه عمر ابن إبراهيم وهو كذاب .


When Abu Bakr passed away, they covered him with a cloth and the people of Medina were crying for him as the day the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) passed away and Ali Ibn AbI Taleb (peace be upon him) quickly came while he was saying ‘’ we are from Allah the Almighty, and unto Him we will return’’ and then he stated that; this day the Caliphate of the holy prophet of GOD terminated … and Allah the Almighty called you in His holy book as the ‘’trustful man’’ and stated that; the real intent of ‘’ the man who brings the truth’’ is the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GDO be upon him and his progeny) and the real purpose of ‘’ the man who accepted the truth’’ is Abu bakr

This narration has been quoted by Bazar and in its proof is Omar Ibn Ebrahim who was a famous liar

-Majma Al-Zavaed, Al-Heithami v 9, p 47, 48

And Ibn Hojr Asqalani says pertaining to this point that

ومن طريق لين إلى علي بن أبي طالب الذي جاء بالصدق محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم والذي صدق به أبو بكر .

-Fath Al-Bari , Ibn Hajar v 13, p 413

It has been quoted from Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (peace be upon him) via a not trustworthy proof that the real intent of the phrase ‘’ the man who brings the truth’’ is the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) and the real purpose of the phrase ‘’ the man who accepted the truth’’ is Abu Bakr  

Imam Ali (peace be upon him) has called Abu Bakr as a liar and betrayer

The real view of the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) pertaining to Abu Bakr and Omar is the same as it has been mentioned in the Sahih Moslem in which he writes in the quotation of the second Qaliph that

قَالَ فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّىَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَنَا وَلِىُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فَجِئْتُمَا تَطْلُبُ مِيرَاثَكَ مِنَ ابْنِ أَخِيكَ وَيَطْلُبُ هَذَا مِيرَاثَ امْرَأَتِهِ مِنْ أَبِيهَا فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- « مَا نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ ». فَرَأَيْتُمَاهُ كَاذِبًا آثِمًا غَادِرًا خَائِنًا ... ثُمَّ تُوُفِّىَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَأَنَا وَلِىُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- وَوَلِىُّ أَبِى بَكْرٍ فَرَأَيْتُمَانِى كَاذِبًا آثِمًا غَادِرًا خَائِنًا ... .

After the demise of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) Abu Bakr said that; I am the successor to the holy prophet of GOD and then you two (Abbass and Ali) came and you Abbass demanded the heritage of your nephew and you Ali demanded the heritage of Fatima the daughter of the holy prophet of GOD

Abu Bakr said that; the holy prophet of GOD has stated; we do not leave any heritage and what is remained is charity and you called him as a liar, sinful, betrayer and tricky

After the death of Abu Bakr, I (Omar) became the successor of the holy prophet OF GOD and Abu Bakr and once again you two called me as a liar, sinful, betrayer and tricky  

-Sahih Moslem, v 5, p 157, Ketab Al-Jahad, Chapter Hokm Al-Fi

Now with this respect how can be possible that the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) has come in the death time of the first Qaliph and stated such a thing? 

The verse has been revealed pertaining to the honor of the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him)

From the other side, there are various narrations in the Sunnite books that imply that this verse of the holy Qur’an has been revealed pertaining to the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) and since there are numerous narrations pertaining to this case and we are going to suffice to some narrations in a brief manner

Alusi one of the Sunnite famous commentators writes in his interpretation book that

وقال أبو الأسود . ومجاهد في رواية . وجماعة من أهل البيت . وغيرهم : الذي صدق به هو علي كرم الله تعالى وجهه .

Abu Asvad and Mojahed and the others in the narration pertaining to Ahl Al-Bayt (peace be upon him) that the real intent of ‘’ the man who accepted the truth’’ is Ali (peace be upon him)

-Tafsir Al-Alusi, Al-Alusi v 24, p 3

And Souti writes in the book Dor Al-Manthur that

وأخرج ابن مردويه عن أبي هريرة والذي جاء بالصدق قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وصدق به قال علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه .

-Al-Dor Al-Mansur, Jalal Al-Din Al-Souti, v 5, p 328

And Hakem Haskani has quotyed 6 narrations in the book Shvahed Al-Tanzil pertaining to this case that we are going to suffice to three of them here

810 - حدثنا السيد أبو منصور ظفر بن محمد الحسيني رحمه الله حدثنا أبو الحسين علي بن عبد الرحمان بن عيسى بن مأتي بالكوفة ، حدثنا الحبري حدثنا الحسن بن الحسين العرني حدثنا علي بن القاسم ، عن عبد الوهاب بن مجاهد ، عن أبيه في قول الله تعالى : ( والذي جاء بالصدق وصدق به ) قال : ( الذي ) جاء بالصدق رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ، و ( الذي ) صدق به علي .

-Shavahed Al-Tanzil, Al-Hakem Al-Hasakani, v 2, p 178

813 - في ( التفسير ) العتيق : وسعيد بن أبي سعيد التغلبي عن أبيه ، عن مقاتل بن سليمان ، عن الضحاك : عن ابن عباس ( في تفسير قوله تعالى : ( والذي جاء بالصدق وصدق به ) ) قال : هو النبي جاء بالصدق ، و ( الذي ) صدق به علي بن أبي طالب .

-Shavahed Al-Tanzil, Al-Hakem Al-Hasakani, v 2, p 180

812 - أخبرناه أبو عبد الرحمان محمد بن أحمد القاضي ب الريوند ) أخبرنا أبو محمد الحسن بن محمد بن أحمد بن أيوب الزوري بالري أخبرنا أبو بكر الجعابي حدثنا الحسين بن علي السلولي بالكوفة ( أخبرنا ) محمد بن الحسن السلولي حدثنا عمر بن سعد ( الأسدي ) البصري عن ليث : عن مجاهد ( في قوله تعالى ) ( والذي جاء بالصدق وصدق به ) قال : ( جاء بالصدق ) رسول الله . و ( صدق به ) علي بن أبي طالب . ( رواه أيضا ) أبو بكر السبيعي عن الحسين به .

-Shavahed Al-Tanzil, Al-Hakem Al-Hasakani, v 2, p 179,180

And Ibn Mardaviah Isfahani has quoted in his own Manaqeb these 3 narrations

عن أبي هريرة : ( والذي جآء بالصدق ) قال : رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) ، ( وصدق به ) قال : علي بن أبي طالب ( رضي الله عنه ) .

عن مجاهد في الآية قال : ( وصدق به ) علي بن أبي طالب .

عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) : ( الذي جآء بالصدق ) محمد ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) . والذي ( وصدق به ) علي بن أبي طالب .

-Managheb Ali Ben Abi Taleb Ma Nazal Min Al-Quran Fi Ali Abi Bakr Ahmad Ben Musa Ibn Mardavie Al-Esfahani, p 314, 315

An dIbn Asaker has quoted various narrations and we are going to mention one of them

عن ابن مجاهد عن أبيه في قوله عز وجل " والذي جاء بالصدق وصدق به " قال الذي جاء بالصدق رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) وصدق به علي بن أبي طالب .

--Tarikh Medina Damascus Ibn Asaker, v 42, p 360

CONCLUSION;

This verse does not deal with Abu Bakr at all rather than it has been revealed pertaining to the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him)

 

GOOD LUCK

        THE BOARD OF ADDRESSING THE RELIGIOUS DOUBTS

 THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF HIS HOLINESS IMAM OF THE AGE

         (MAY GOD PRECIPITATE HIS BLESSING REAPPEARNCE)

 



Share
* Name:
* Email:
* Comment :
* Security code:
  

Latest Articles
Most Comments
Most viewed
Index | Contact us | Archive | Search | Link | List Comments | About us | RSS | Mobile |