Saturday 3 December 2016
Why do they call His Holiness Ali (peace be upon him) as’’ the divider of paradise and hell”?
ID: 128 Publish Date: 20 January 2016 - 10:20 Count Views: 157
Question & Answer » Imam Ali
Why do they call His Holiness Ali (peace be upon him) as’’ the divider of paradise and hell”?

A QUESTION BY; Mani Algudarz
 

RESPONSE

This statement has been quoted from the blessing being of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) pertaining to the honor of His Holiness Ali (peace be upon him) in the various narrations 

The exact text of the narration from the Shiite sources

عن عبد الله بن عباس قال : قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : ... معاشر الناس ، إن عليا قسيم النار ، لا يدخل النار ولي له ، ولا ينجو منها عدو له ، إنه قسيم الجنة ، لا يدخلها عدو له ، ولا يزحزح عنها ولي له .

It has been quoted from Abd Allah Ibn Abbass that he said; the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) stated that; O the people in fact, Ali is the divider of hell (the fire) namely whoever is His Holiness’ friend and helper will never enter into the fire and whoever is His Holiness’ enemy will not survive from that and indeed he is the divider of paradise and whoever is His Holiness’ enemy will not enter into that and whoever is His Holiness’ friend will not be prevented from that

-Amali Sheikh Sadugh, p 83, Khesal, Sheikh Sadugh, p 496

قال(علي ابن موسي الرضا) قال رسول الله " ص " يا علي انك قسيم الجنة والنار

His Holiness Ali Ibn Mosa Al-Reza stated that; the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) stated that;

-Oyun Akbar Al-Reza, v 1 p 30

O Ali, indeed you are the divider of paradise and hell

عن سليمان بن خالد ، عن أبي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد الصادق ، عن آبائه عليهم السلام قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لعلي عليه السلام : ... يا علي أنت قسيم الجنة والنار ، لا يدخل الجنة إلا من عرفك وعرفته ، ولا يدخل النار إلا من أنكرك وأنكرته .

It has been quoted from Solayman Ibn Khaled from Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) from his fathers from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) stated to His Holiness Ali (peace be upon him) that; O Ali, you are the divider of paradise and hell and no one enters paradise unless he knows you and you know him (he has to be one of your Shiites) and no one enters hell unless who reject you and you reject him as well

-Amali, Sheikh Mofid, p 213

This narration has been mentioned in various forms in the below sources such as ‘’ the divider of hell and paradise’’, ‘’the divider of hell’’, the divider of paradise and hell’’, and ‘’peace be upon you O the divider of hell and paradise’’

-Al-Kafi Koleini, v 4 p 570, Maani Al-Akhbar Sheikh Sadugh, p 206, Tahzib Al-Ahkam Sheikh Tusi, v 6 p 29, Rozah Al-Vaezin Fetal Neishaburi, p 100, 118, Al-Mastarshod Tabari Shii, p 264, Amali Sheikh Mofid, p 213, Amali Sheikh Tusi, p 305, 629, Ehtejaj Tabarsi, v 1 p 209, 341, Managheb Ibn Shahr Ashub, v 2 p 8, v 3 p 28, Al-Taraef Seyed Ben Tavoos, p 76, Medina Al-Majez, v 1 p 280                      

The narration from the Sunnite sources

This narration has been mentioned in most of the Sunnite sources however, some prejudiced made efforts to weaken this narration but it has been entered in the lexical book as well as it has been mentioned in the Sunnite sources via various documents then there will be no room for those who seek excuses and now we are going to refer to some of the quotation in the Sunnite sources

عن علي رضي الله تعالى عنه أنا قسيم النار

His Holiness Ali (peace be upon him) stated that; I am the divider of hell

-Al-Faegh Fi Gharib Al-Hadith Jarollah Zamakhshari, v 3 p 97

وروى أيضا عن الأعمش عن موسى بن طريف ، عن عباية ، قال سمعت عليا ( ع ) ، وهو يقول : أنا قسيم النار .

And also it has been narrated from Amash from Mosa Ibn Tarif from Ebayah that said; I heard from Ali (peace be upon him) while he was saying that I am the divider of hell

-Sharh Nahaj Al-Balaghe Ibn Abi Al-Hadid, v 2 p 260, v 19 p 140

عن عباية عن علي قال : أنا قسيم النار ، إذا كان يوم القيامة قلت هذا لك وهذا لي .

It has been narrated from Ali (peace be upon him) who stated that; I am the divider of hell and when the Judgment day comes I will say (to fire) this man for you and that men for me

-Al-Badayat Al-Nahayat, v 7 p 392

-Gharib Al-Hadith, v 1 p 377, Al-Nahayat Fi Gharib Al-Hadith, v 4 p 61, Al-Managheb, Kharazmi, p 41, Kanz Al-Emal, Motaghi Hendi, v 13 p 152, Tarikh Medina Damascus, v 42 p 298

The reason of this reputation

 Some of the narrations have referred to the reason of this reputation and we suffice to two of these narrations

1 - حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان قال : حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا أبو العباس القطان قال : حدثنا محمد بن إسماعيل البرمكي قال : حدثنا عبد الله بن داهر قال : حدثنا أبي ، عن محمد بن سنان عن المفضل بن عمر قال : قلت لأبي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد الصادق " ع " لم صار أمير المؤمنين علي بن أبي طالب قسيم الجنة والنار ؟ قال : لان حبه إيمان وبغضه كفر ، وإنما خلقت الجنة لأهل الايمان ، وخلقت النار لأهل الكفر ، فهو عليه السلام قسيم الجنة والنار ، لهذه العلة فالجنة لا يدخلها إلا أهل محبته ، والنار لا يدخلها إلا أهل بغضه .

It has been narrated from Mofazal Ibn Omar that he said that; I said to Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) that for what reason the commander of the faithful Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (peace be upon him) has been called as the divider of paradise and hell? His Holiness stated that; for this reason that  to love him is equivalent to faith and to hate him is equal to infidelity and in fact paradise has been created for the faithful people as well as hell (the fire) has been created for the unbelievers therefore, and for this reason His Holiness Ali (peace be upon him) is the divider of paradise and hell thus no one will enter paradise unless he is His Holiness’ friend and lover as well as no one will enter the fire unless he is His Holiness’ enemy

-Elal Al-Sharaye, v 1 p 162


And also it has been narrated in another saying from Imam Reza (peace be upon him) that

30 - حدثنا تميم بن عبد الله بن تميم القرشي قال : حدثني أبي عن أحمد بن علي الأنصاري عن أبي الصلت الهروي قال : قال المأمون يوما للرضا عليه السلام يا أبا الحسن أخبرني عن جدك أمير المؤمنين بأي وجه هو قسيم الجنة والنار وبأي معنى فقد كثر فكري في ذلك ؟ فقال له الرضا عليه السلام : يا أمير المؤمنين ألم ترو عن أبيك عن آبائه عن عبد الله بن عباس أنه قال : سمعت رسول الله ( ص ) يقول : حب علي إيمان وبغضه كفر ؟ فقال : بلى فقال الرضا عليه السلام : فقسمة الجنة والنار إذا كانت على حبه وبغضه فهو قسيم الجنة والنار

Aba Salt Horavi has quoted that one day Mamun said to Imam Reza (peace be upon him) that; O Aba Al-Hasan inform us from your father the commander of the faithful that for what reason has he called as the divider of paradise and hell and what does this mean since this point made me so preoccupied then Imam Reza (peace be upon him) stated to him that; O Mamun have not you narrated from your father and from his fathers and from Ibn Abbass and from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) that he said I heard from the holy prophet of GOD that he stated; to love Ali is equal to faith and to hate him is equivalent to infidelity and Mamun answered; Yes, then His Holiness stated that; he will divide paradise and hell when the faith and infidelity are in terms of love and hate thus His Holiness is the divider of paradise and hell

-Oyun Akhbar Al-Reza

The divider of paradise and hell in the poetry

Many poets have employed this narration in their own poems throughout long centuries and we refer to some of them here

قسيم النار ذو خير وخير يخلصنا الغداة من السعير

فكان محمد في الدين شمسا علي بعد كالبدر المنير


Ali (peace be upon him) is the divider of hell and the man of blessing and it would be very nice to survive from hell in the day of Judgment

Then the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) is just like the sun in Islam and after him Ali is like a moonlight

-Khateme Al-Mostadrak, Mirza Nuri, v 3 p 80

قال البشنوي:

فمدينة العلم التي هو بابها أضحى قسيم النار يوم مآبه

          فعدوه أشقى البرية في لضى ووليه المحبوب يوم حسابه


Thus the city of knowledge that he is its gate and it is evident that he will divide hell in the resurrection day

Then his enemy is the most miserable man in the judgment day and his friend will be honored in the day of punishment

-Managheb Ibn Shahr Ashub, v 1 p 314

قال عمار بن تغلبة :

علي حبه جنة قسيم النار والجنة

وصي المصطفى حقا إمام الانس والجنة .


The love of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb is like a shield against the fire and he is the divider of paradise and hell

And he is the rightful heir and successor to the holy prophet of GOD Mohammad Mostafa (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) and his is the leader of the mankind and Jinn

-Medina Al-Moajez, Alame Bohrani, v 1 p 260

 

GOOD LUCK

THE BOARD OF ADDRESSING THE RELIGIOUS DOUBTS

THE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF HIS HOLINESS IMAM OF THE AGE

       (MAY GOD PRECIPITATE HIS BLESSING REAPPEARANCE) 

 



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