Sunday 4 December 2016
Has the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, be the friend of whoever loves him…’’ an authentic proof in the Qadir narration?
ID: 122 Publish Date: 19 January 2016 - 18:35 Count Views: 166
Question & Answer » Imamat and Caliphate
Has the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, be the friend of whoever loves him…’’ an authentic proof in the Qadir narration?

A question by; Faeiz Momeni 

 

The religious doubt

In Menhaj Al-Sonah, Ibn Taymiyyah says that;

. . . لكن حديث الموالاة قد رواه الترمذي و أحمد و الترمذي في مسنده عن النبي (ص) انه قال : « من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه » و أما الزيادة و هي قوله : « اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه الخ » فلا ريب انه كذب .

The narration of Movalat has been quoted by Tarmazi and Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and for instance, Tarmai has quoted from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in his Mosnad that; His Holiness stated : ‘’whoever I am his Mola (Imam) then Ali is his Molla’’ and in addition to this namely, this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) that; ‘’ O, my Lord, love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him’’ with no doubt, is a false statement which has been attributed to the holy prophet of GOD.

- Menhaj Al-Sonat Al-Nabavie, Ahmad Ibn Abd Al-Halim Ibn Teimie Al-Harani Abu Al-Abbas (died in 728 Hejira) v 7 p 319; published by: Ghortobat Institute; 1406 Hegira; first edition; researched by: D. Muhammad Reshad Salem

And Mohammad Ibn Abd Al-Vahab has called into question the narration of Qadir and the sentence ‘’ O, my Lord, love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him’’ with blind eyes and merely in order to follow Ibn Taymyah in this way that;

و أما الزيادة فليست في الحديث . . . و لا ريب أنها كذب .

And nothing more has been mentioned in the narration ‘’ whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla’’ and everything else is a false statement

-Masael Lekhaseha Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab, Muhammad Ibn abd Al-Wahhab (died in 1206 Hegira) v 1 p 154; published by: Matabe Al-Riyadh; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Aziz Ibn Al-Romi; D. Muhammad Boltaji; D. Sayyed Hejab
 

The critique and survey of the claim of Ibn Taymyah

One of the distinctive features of Ibn Taymyah Harani and his followers is the rejection of the Ahl Al-Bayt’s (peace be upon him) virtues and the narrations which have been mentioned in spite of their authentic proofs  

However most of the Sunnite scholars and figures have quoted the holy narration of Qadir along with the sentence of ‘’O my Lord, love whoever loves him …’’ as well as acknowledged its accuracy, but we can see that Ibn Taymyah and his own followers have rejected and regarded as a false statement due to their opposition and enmity toward the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him)

Undoubtedly, if it proves that the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, love whoever loves him…’’ has an authentic proof based upon the Sunnite rules and the Sunnite scholars have acknowledged its accuracy throughout history then the falsity of Ibn Taymyah’s claim and as a result his hostility against the household of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) will be proved 

More than 30 men of the companions have narrated this saying

Ibn Hojr Haythami who is one of the Sunnite influential scholars acknowledges that more than 30 men of the companions have quoted the narration of Qadir with the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, love whoever loves him…’’

الحديث الرابع قال (ص) يوم غدير خم : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه » الحديث و قد مر . . . أنه رواه عن النبي (ص) ثلاثون صحابيا .

The fourth narration (pertaining to the virtues of Imam Ali, peace be upon him) which the holy prophet of GOD stated in the day of Qadir that; ‘’ whoever I am his Molla then this Ali (peace be upon him) is his Molla and O my Lord love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him and this is the narration of Qadir and as it has been said more than 30 men of the companions have quoted it from the holy prophet of GOD

-Al-Savaegh Mohreghe Ala Ahl Al-Rafz and Al-Zalal and Al-Zendeghe; Abu Abbas Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn Hajar Al-Heisami (died in 973 Hejira) v 2 p 353 and 355; Al-Fazl Al-Sani: Fi Fazala Razi Allah Anh Karam Allah Vajha; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Lebanon; 1417 Hegira; 1997; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abdullah Al-Torki; Kamel Muhammad Al-Kharat;

Ajluni who is one of the Sunnite outstanding scholar has emphasized upon this point in the book Kashf Al-Khafa that

« من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه » رواه الطبراني و أحمد و الضياء في المختارة عن زيد بن أرقم و عليّ و ثلاثين من الصحابة بلفظ « اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه »فالحديث متواتر أو مشهور .

The narration ‘’ whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla’’ has been quoted by Tabarani, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and Zya in the book Al-Mokhtarah (his eminent book) from Zayd Ibn Arqam and the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) and from more than 30 men of the companions of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) with the words of the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him’’ and this narration is a frequent as well as a well-known saying

-Kashf Al-Khafa and Mazil Al-Abas Ama Ashtahar Min Al-Ahadith ala Sonat Al-Nas; Esmaeel Ibn Muhammad Al-Ajluni Al-Jarahi; (died in 1162 Hegira) v 2 p 361; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1405 Hegira; fourth edition; researched by: Ahmad Al-Ghalash

And Jamal Al-Din Zayali who considers as one of the Sunnite great figures has mentioned the names of more than 10 men of the companions and says that; I saw further companions which quoted that narration

الحديث التاسع : قال : و ذلك لدعوة نبينا « اللهم عاد من عاداه »

قلت : روي من حديث زيد بن أرقم و من حديث البراء بن عازب و من حديث سعد بن أبي وقاص و من حديث طلحة بن عبيد الله و أبي سعيد الخدري و أبي هريرة و أنس بن مالك وابن عمر و جرير بن عبد الله البجلي و جابر بن عبد الله و حذيفة بن أسيد الغفاري و حبشي بن جنادة . . . ثم وقع لي في كتاب الموالاة للحافظ أبي العباس أحمد بن محمد بن سعيد المعروف بابن عقدة فوجدته رواه عن جماعة آخرين من الصحابة رضوان الله عليهم أجمعين .

The ninth narration; Zamakhshari said that; the quotation of this narration is due to the prayer of the holy prophet of GOD pertaining to Ali who stated that; ‘’ O my Lord, hate whoever hates him’’

I (Zayali) say that; this narration of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his propgeny) has been quoted from Zayd Ibn Arqam (the companion) and Al-Bara Ibn Azeb (the companion), Saed Ibn Abi Vaqas (the companion) Talha Ibn Obayd Allah (the companion) Abi Saeed Khadri (the companion) Abi Horayrah (the companion) Anas Ibn  Bajali (the companion) Jaber Ibn Abd Allah (the companion) Hozayfah ibn Asid Al-Qefari (the companion) and Habashi Ibn Jonadah (the companion)  and in the book of Hafez Ibn Oqdah also I found some of the other companions (may GOD be pleased with all of them) that this narration has been quoted from them by Ibn Oqdah
 

-Takhrij Al-Ahadith and Al-Asar Al-Vagheat Fi Tafsir Al-Kashef Zemakhshari; Jamal Al-Din Abdullah Ibn Yousef Ibn Muhammad Al-Zeiali (died in 762 Hegira) v 2 p 234 to 244; published by: Dar Ibn Khezaime; Al-Riyadh; 1414 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Abdullah Ibn Abd Al-Rahman Al-Saad

And Ibn Abd Al-Bar has mentioned some of the other companions who have heard and quoted this sentence from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny)

و روى بريدة و أبو هريرة و جابر و البراء بن عازب و زيد بن أرقم كل واحد منهم عن النبى صلى الله عليه و سلم أنه قال يوم غدير خم «من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه» .

And Baridah, Abu Horayrah, Bara Ibn Azeb and zayd iBn Arqam all of them has quoted from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) that His Holiness stated in the day of Qadir that; ‘’ whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla and O my Lord love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him’’    

-Al-Estiab Fi Marefat Al-Ashab; Yousef Ibn Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Bar (died in 463 Hegira) v 3 p 1099; published by: Dar Al-Jeil; Beirut; 1412 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Ali Muhammad Al-Bajavi

 Talmasani has numerated some of the other companions of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny)  who have heard and narrated this narration from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny)

و روى بُريدة بن الحُصيب و أبو هُريرة و البراء بن عازب و زيد بن أرقم و جابر بن عبد الله الأنصاريُّ كلُّ واحد عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم أنه قال يوم غدير خُم : « من كنت مولاه فعليٌّ مولاه اللهمَّ والِ من والاه وعاد من عاداه »

 And Boraydah Ibn Al-Hosayb, Abu Horayrah, Bara Ibn Azeb, Zayd Ibn Arqam and Jaber Ibn Abd Allah Ansari individually have narrated from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) that His Holiness stated in the day of Qadir Khom that; whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him

-Al-Joharat Fi Nasab Al-Nabi and Al-Ashabat Al-Ashrat, Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Ansari Al-Telmasani known as Belbari; (died in 644 Hegira)  v 1 p 293

Is it possible to imagine that all of these numbers of the companions have told lie?

The Sunnite most influential scholars and the sentence’’ O my Lord, love whoever loves him…’’

In the next part, we are going to present the standpoint of the Sunnite most influential scholars pertaining to the statement ‘’ O my Lord, love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him’’ as well as we intend to probe the scholars prior to Ibn Taymyah and after Ibn Taymayh in two sections 

The scholars prior to Ibn Taymyah

Now we are going to probe the books of the scholars who have lived prior to Ibn Taymyah and all of them were among the Sunnite most outstanding figures and is it imaginable that Ibn Taymyah has not observed these books and viewpoints?

These scholars have undertaken 3 major and significant actions pertaining to the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, love whoever loves him and hate whoever hates him’’ 

1, the quotation of this sentence in their own authentic books

Most of the Sunnite great figures and scholars who have lived prior to the age of Ibn Taymyah have mentioned the narration of Qadir along with the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him…’’ from century to century and from chest to chest and from their own great figures in their own books and we refer to 15 cases pertaining to this issue below

1, Ibn Abi Shaybah, the master of Bokhari (died in 235 Hejrah)

-Al-Ketab Al-Mosnef  Fi Al-Ahadith and Al-Asar, Abu Bakr Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abi Sheibe Al-Kufi; v 2 p 682; hadith no 32091; published by: Maktabat Al-Roshd; Riyadh; 1409 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Kamal Yousef Al-Hut

2, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal the Imam of Hanabalah (died in 241 Hejrah) in his own two books Mosnad Ahmad and Fazael Al-Sahabah

-Mosnad Al-Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Abu Abdullah Al-Shibani v 1 p 118; published by: Ghortobat Institute; Egypt

-Fazael Al-Sahabat, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Abu Abdullah Abu Sheibani v 2 p 610; v 2 p 682; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1403 Hegira; 1983; first editon; researched by: Vasi Allah Muhammad Abbas

3, IbN Majah Qazvini (died in 275 Hejrah) in his book Sonan which is one of the six Sunnite Sahah

-Sonan Ibn Maje, Muhammad Ibn Yazid Abu Abdullah Al-Ghazvini v 1 p 43; published by: Dar Al-Fekr; Beirut; researched by: Muhammad Foad Abd Al-Baghi

4, Abu Bakr Bazar (died in 292 Hejrah) in his Mosnad

-Al-Bahr Al-Zekhar (Mosnad Bazaz) Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Amro Ibn Abd Al-Khalegh Al-Bazaz v 10 p 211; published by: Olum Al-Ghoran Institute; Maktabat Al-Olum and Al-Hakam; Beirut; Medina; 1409 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: D, Mahfuz Al-Rahman Zein Allah

5, Nasaei (died in 303 Hejrah) in the book Al-Sonan Al-Kobra as well as in the book Khasaes of the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him)

-Al-Sonan Al-Korba, Ahmad Ibn Sheib Abu Abd Al-Rahman Al-Nesaee (died in 303 Hegira) v 5 p 45; v 5 p 130; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; 1411 Hegira; 1991; First Edition; researched by: D, Abd Al-Ghafar Soleiman Al-Bandari, Sayyed Kesravi Hassan

-Khasaes Amir-al-Momeneen Ali Ibn Abi Taleb, Ahmad Ibn Sheib Al-Nesaee Abu Abd Al-Rahman (died in 303 Hegira) v 1 p 96; published by: Maktabat Al-Moala; Kuwait; 1406 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Ahmad Mirin Al-Bolushi

6, Abu Yoli Moseli (died in 307 Hejrah) in his Mosnad

-Mosnad Abi Yali, Ahmad Ibn Ali Ibn Al-Mosana Abu Yali Al-Moseli Al-Tamimi v 1 p 428 and v 11 p 307; published by: Dar Al-Mamun; Al-Toras Damascus; 1404 Hegira; 1984; First Edition; researched by: Huasin Salim Asad

7, Tahavi (died in 321 Hejrah) in the book Sharh Moshkel Al-Athar

-Sharh Moshkel Al-Asar, Abu Jafar Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Salame Al-Tahavi v 5 p 18 and 19; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1408 Hegira; 1987; First Edition; researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt;

8, Ibn Haban (died in 354 Hejrah) in his own Sahih

-Sahih Ibn Heban betartib Ibn Bolban; Muhammad Ibn Heban Ibn Ahmad Abu Hatam Al-Tamimi Al-Basti; v 15 p 375; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1414 Hegira; 1993; Second Edition; researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt;

9, Tabarani (died in 360 Hejrah) in Al-Mojam Al-Kabir Va Al-Mojam Al-Osat

-Al-Mojam Al-Kabir Soleiman Ibn Ahmad Ayoob Abu Al-Ghasem Al-Tabarani v 5 p 166; published by: Maktabat Al-Zahra; Al-Mosel; 1404 Hegira; 1983; Second Edition; researched by: Hamdi Ibn Abd Al-Majid Al-Salafi

10, Hakem Nayshaburi (died in 405 Hejrah) in Al-Mostadrak

-Al-Mostadrak Ala Al-Sahihein, Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Abu Abdullah Al-Hakim Al-Neishaburi v 3 p 118; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; 1411 Hegira; 1990; First Edition; researched by: Mostafa Abd Al-Ghader Ata;

11, Thalabi (died in 427 Hejrah) in his interpretation book

-Al-Kashf and Al-Bayan (Tafsir Al-Salabi) Abu Eshagh Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ebrahim Al-Salabi v 4 p 126; published by: Dar Ehya Toras Al-Arabi; Beirut; Lebanon; 1422 Hegira; 2002; First Edition; researched by: Al-Imam Abi Muhammad Ibn Ashur; Morjeat and Tadghigh Al-Estaz Nazir Al-Sadei;

12, Jorjani (died in 499 Hejrah) in Al-Amali

-Ketab Al-Imami and HeyAl-Marufat Be Al-Imami Al-Khamisat; Al-Morshed Be Allah Yahyia  Ibn Al-Husain Al-Hassani Al-Shajari Al-Jorjani; v 1 p 192; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; Lebanon; 1422 Hegira; 2001; First Edition; researched by: Muhammad Hassan Esmaeel

13, Ibn Asaker (died in 571 Hejrah) in the book history of Damascus city

-History of Medina and Zekr Fazleha and Tasmie Min Halha Min Al-Amasel; Abi Al-Ghasem Ali Ibn Al-Hassan Ibn Hebe Allah Ibn Abdullah Al-Shafei; v 42 p 209; published by: Dar Al-Fekr; Beirut; 1995; researched by: Moheb Al-Din Abi Saeed Umar Ibn Gharame Al-Amri

14, Ibn Athir Jazari (died in 630 Hejrah) in Asad Al-Qabah

-Osd Al-Ghabe Fi Marefat Al-Sahabe; Ez Al-Din Ibn Al-Asir Abi Al-Hassan Ali Ibn Muhammad Al-Jazri; v 3 p 484; published by: Dar Ehya Toras Al-Arabi; Beirut; Lebanon; 1417 Hegira; 1996; First Edition; researched by: Adel Ahmad Al-Refaee

15, Moqadasi (died in 643 Hejrah) in Al-Ahadith Al-Mokhtarah

-Al-Ahadith Al-Mokhtare, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab Ibn Ahmad Al-Hanbali Al-Maghdasi v 2 p 106; published by: Maktabat Al-NEhzat Al-Hadith; Mecca; 1410 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Malek Ibn Abdullah Ibn Dahish

2, making special chapter to this sentence of Qadir narration

The second major action was that some of these scholars made a specific and single chapter pertaining to this prayer of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) ‘’ O my Lord, be friend  with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ regarding the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) in their own books years or rather centuries prior to the birth of Ibn Taymyah and its narration has been gathered below it and for instance we refer to two cases here

A, Ibn Haban (died in 354 Hejrah) the Sunnite famous scholar

ذكر دعاء المصطفي (ص) بالولاية لمن والي عليا و المعاداة لمن عاداه :

أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الأَزْدِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا إِِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِِبْرَاهِيمَ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ وَيَحْيَي بْنُ آدَمَ قَالا حَدَّثَنَا فِطْرُ بْنُ خَلِيفَة عَنْ أَبِي الطُّفَيْلِ قَالَ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ أَنْشُدُ اللَّهَ كُلَّ امْرِئٍ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ يَقُولُ يَوْمَ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ لَمَّا قَامَ فَقَامَ أُنَاسٌ فَشَهِدُوا أَنَّهُمْ سَمِعُوهُ يَقُولُ أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي أَوْلَي النَّاسِ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَالُوا بَلَي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاهُ فَإِِنَّ هَذَا مَوْلاهُ اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ مَنْ وَالاهُ وَعَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ فَخَرَجْتُ وَ فِي نَفْسِي مِنْ ذَلِكَ شَيْءٌ فَلَقِيتُ زَيْدَ بْنَ أَرْقَمَ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ قَدْ سَمِعْنَاهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ .

Mentioning the prayer of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) pertaining to the friendship of whoever love Ali and enmity of whoever hates Ali

Abu Tofayl said that; Ali (peace be upon him) stated that I swear to GOD those who heard this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom (to bear witness what they have heard) and some men who were present in that meeting stood up and testified that they have heard that the holy prophet of GOD stated that; O Moslems, do not you know that (according to the holy Qur’an) I am more merit and worthy than the believers to themselves and Moslems said that; O the holy prophet of GOD, His Holiness stated that; whoever I am his Molla (leader) then this Ali (peace be upon him) is his Molla (Imam) and O my Lord be friends with whoever loves Ali and be the enemy of whoever hates him. Abu Tofayl says that; I left that meeting of Ali while I could not stand the statement of the holy prophet of GOD any more. And after that I saw Zayd Ibn Arqam (the companion) and I said to him the whole story and he said that; we heard from the holy prophet of GOD who stated that pertaining to Ali (peace be upon him)

-Sahih Ibn Heban betartib Ibn Bolban; Muhammad Ibn Heban Ibn Ahmad Abu Hatam Al-Tamimi Al-Basti; v 15 p 375; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1414 Hegira; 1993; Second Edition; researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt;


B, Abu Bakr Ajari (died in 360 Hejrah)

باب ذكر دعاء النبي لمن والي علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه و تولاه و دعائه علي من عاداه :

حدثنا أبو محمد عبد الله بن العباس الطيالسي ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن موسى الحرشي ، قال : حدثنا عثمان بن علي قال : حدثنا عبد الملك بن أبي سليمان ، عن عطية ، عن زيد بن أرقم قال : قال رسول الله : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مواه ، اللهم وال من والاه ، وعاد من عاداه » .

The chapter of the holy prophet of GOD’s prayer pertaining to whoever is the friend with Ali Ibn Abi taleb (may GOD be pleased with him) and the curse of the holy prophet of GOD pertaining to whoever is the enemy of Ali

Zayd Ibn Arqam (the companion) said that; the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) stated that

Whoever I am his Molla then Ali Is his Molla and O my Lord, be the friend with whoever loves him and be the enemy with whoever hates him

-Al-Shariat, Abi Bakr Muhammad Ibn Al-Husain Al-Ajri (died in 360 Hegira) v 4 p 2049; published by: Dar Al-Vatan; Al-Riyadh; Saudi Arabia; 1420 Hegira; 1999; Second Edition; researched by: Dr. Abdullah Ibn Umar Ibn Soleiman Al-Damiji 

3-the acknowledgment to the accuracy of its proof

Most of the Sunnite scholars themselves prior to Ibn Taymyah have emphasized upon the accuracy and authenticity of their own narrations and some of the others declared their narrations as authentic and valid ones and for instance, we are going to refer to 3 cases here

A, Abu Jafar Tahavi (died in 321 Hejrah)

He is the man that Zahabi says pertaining to him that

الإمام العلامة الحافظ الكبير محدث الديار المصرية و فقيهها أبو جعفر أحمد بن محمد بن سلامة بن سلمة بن عبد الملك الأزدي الحجري المصري الطحاوي الحنفي صاحب التصانيف . . .

Imam, Allamah (highly knowledgeable man), the great Hafez (who knows the holy Qur’an by heart), narrator and Faqih (religious jurist) of Egypt, Abu Jafar Ahmad Ibn Mohamad Ibn Salamat Ibn Salamah Ibn Abd Al-Malek Azodi Hojri Mesri Tahavi Hanafi the writer of the works…

-Siar Alam Al-Nobala, Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Osman Ibn Ghaymaz Al-Zahabi Abu Abdullah (died in 748 Hegira) v 15 p 27; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1413 Hegira; ninth edition; researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt; Muhammad Naeem Al-Arghasusi

Tahavi writes that;

كما حدثنا أَحْمَدُ بن شُعَيْبٍ قال أخبرنا محمد بن الْمُثَنَّى قال حدثنا يحيى بن حَمَّادٍ قال حدثنا أبو عَوَانَةَ عن سُلَيْمَانَ يَعْنِي الأَعْمَشَ قال حدثنا حَبِيبُ بن أبي ثَابِتٍ عن أبي الطُّفَيْلِ عن زَيْدِ بن أَرْقَمَ قال لَمَّا رَجَعَ رسول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عن حَجَّةِ الْوَدَاعِ وَ نَزَلَ بِغَدِيرِ خُمٍّ ، أَمَرَ بِدَوْحَاتٍ فَقُمِّمْنَ ثُمَّ قال كَأَنِّي دُعِيتُ فَأَجَبْتُ إنِّي قد تَرَكْتُ فِيكُمْ الثَّقَلَيْنِ أَحَدُهُمَا أَكْبَرُ من الآخَرِ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ عز وجل و َعِتْرَتِي أَهْلَ بَيْتِي فَانْظُرُوا كَيْفَ تَخْلُفُونِي فِيهِمَا فَإِنَّهُمَا لَنْ يَتَفَرَّقَا حتى يَرِدَا عَلَيَّ الْحَوْضَ ثُمَّ قال : «إنَّ اللَّهَ عز وجل مَوْلاَيَ و أنا وَلِيُّ كل مُؤْمِنٍ» ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِيَدِ عَلِيٍّ رضي الله عنه فقال : « من كنت وَلِيَّهُ فَهَذَا وَلِيُّهُ اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ من وَالاَهُ وَ عَادِ من عَادَاهُ » فقلت لِزَيْدٍ سَمِعْتُهُ من رسول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فقال : ما كان في الدَّوْحَاتِ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ رَآهُ بِعَيْنَيْهِ وَ سَمِعَهُ بِأُذُنَيْهِ .

قال أبو جَعْفَر : فَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ ، صَحِيحُ الإِسْنَادِ لاَ طَعْنَ لأَحَدٍ في أَحَدٍ من رُوَاتِهِ فيه

Zayd Ibn Arqam said that; when the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) returned from Haj Al-Veda and arrived at Qadir Khom then his companions built a pulpit from the trunk of the trees as His Holiness ordered and then the holy prophet of climbed up that pulpit and stated that, my demise time is getting close and I am going to leave you while I will leave you two precious things which one is more merit than the other, the holy book of Allah the Almighty and my household Ahl Al-Bayt beware how do you want to treat them and these two never separate from one another until eventually they came to me beside the pond of Kothar then the holy prophet of GOD stated that; Allah the Almighty is my Molla and I am Molla of the whole believers and then he took the hand of Ali and stated that; whoever I am his Molla then this Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves Ali and be enemy with whoever hates him. Abu Tofayl says that; I said to Zayd Ibn Arqam that; did you hear from the holy prophet of GOD? He said; whoever were present there has seen with his own eyes and heard with his own ears

Abu Jafar said that; this narration is an authentic narration and no one is allowed to blame any of its narrators

-Sharh Moshkel Al-Asar, Abu Jafar Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Salame Al-Tahavi v 5 p 18 and 19; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1408 Hegira; 1987; First Edition; researched by: Shoaib Al-Arnowt;

B, Hakem Nayshaburi (died in 405 hejrah)

حدثنا أبو الحسين محمد بن أحمد بن تميم الحنظلي ببغداد ثنا أبو قلابة عبد الملك بن محمد الرقاشي ثنا يحيى بن حماد وحدثني أبو بكر محمد بن بالويه وأبو بكر أحمد بن جعفر البزار قالا ثنا عبد الله بن أحمد بن حنبل حدثني أبي ثنا يحيى بن حماد وثنا أبو نصر أحمد بن سهل الفقيه ببخارى ثنا صالح بن محمد الحافظ البغدادي ثنا خلف بن سالم المخرمي ثنا يحيى بن حماد ثنا أبو عوانة عن سليمان الأعمش قال ثنا حبيب بن أبي ثابت عن أبي الطفيل عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه قال : لما رجع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من حجة الوداع و نزل غدير خم أمر بدوحات فقمن فقال : « كأني قد دعيت فأجبت إني قد تركت فيكم الثقلين أحدهما أكبر من الآخر كتاب الله تعالى و عترتي فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما فإنهما لن يتفرقا حتى يردا علي الحوض » ثم قال : « إن الله عز وجل مولاي و أنا مولى كل مؤمن ثم أخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه فقال من كنت مولاه فهذا وليهاللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » و ذكر الحديث بطوله هذا حديث صحيح على شرط الشيخين و لم يخرجاه بطوله شاهده حديث سلمة بن كهيل عن أبي الطفيل أيضا صحيح على شرطهما .

Zayd Ibn Arqam said that; when the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) returned from Haj Al-Veda and arrived at Qadir Khom then his companions built a pulpit from the trunk of the trees as His Holiness ordered and then the holy prophet of climbed up that pulpit and stated that, my demise time is getting close and I am going to leave you while I will leave you two precious things which one is more merit than the other, the holy book of Allah the Almighty and my household Ahl Al-Bayt beware how do you want to treat them and these two never separate from one another until eventually they came to me beside the pond of Kothar then the holy prophet of GOD stated that; Allah the Almighty is my Molla and I am Molla of the whole believers and then he took the hand of Ali and stated that; whoever I am his Molla then this Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves Ali and be enemy with whoever hates him. Abu Tofayl says that; I said to Zayd Ibn Arqam that; did you hear from the holy prophet of GOD? He said; whoever were present there has seen with his own eyes and heard with his own ears

This narration according to the rule of Bokhari and Moslem (to be accepted as an authentic narration) is a sound saying but they have not mentioned that in their own two books (Sahih Bokhari and Sahih Moslem) and the narration of Salamah Ibn Kahil from Abu Tofayl is that proof that it is an authentic narration according to the rules of Bokhari and Moslem
 

-Al-Mostadrak Ala Al-Sahihein, Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Abu Abdullah Al-Hakim Al-Neishaburi v 3 p 118; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; 1411 Hegira; 1990; First Edition; researched by: Mostafa Abd Al-Ghader Ata;

C, Abu Taher Moqadasi (died in 643 Hejrah)

أخبرنا الحافظ أبو طاهر أحمد بن محمد بن أحمد السلفي إجازة قال أنا أبو الفتح محمد بن أحمد بن محمد بن الحسين بن الحارث المعلم فيما قرأت عليه من أصل سماعه حدثكم أبو عبدالله الحسين بن أحمد بن محمد بن سعيد الرازي إملاء ثنا أبو الحسن علي بن حسان بن القاسم الجديلي ببغداد ثنا أبو جعفر محمد بن عبدالله بن سليمان الحضرمي ثنا محمود بن غيلان ثنا الفضل بن موسى السيناني ثنا الأعمش عن سعيد بن وهب قال قال علي رضي الله عنه أنشد الله من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول يوم غدير خم : « الله وليي و أنا ولي المؤمنين من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه وانصر من نصره » قال فقال سعيد فقام إلى جنبي ستة قال فقال زيد بن يثيع قام من عندي ستة سئل الدارقطني عنه فقال حدث به الأعمش و شعبة و إسرائيل عن أبي إسحاق عن سعيد بن وهب عن علي و ذكر ما فيه من الاختلاف قال و أشبهها بالصواب قول الأعمش و شعبة و إسرائيل و من تابعهم و قد روي نحو هذا عن عبدالرحمن بن أبي ليلى عن علي عليه السلام . ( إسناده صحيح )

Amash has quoted from Saeed iBN Vahab from Ali (peace be upon him) that stated that; Ali (peace be upon him) stated that I swear to GOD those who heard this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom (to bear witness what they have heard) and Seed Ibn Vahab said that; 6 men who were besides me stood up and testified and Zayd Ibn Yathi said as well; 6 men beside me stood up… and the proof of this narration is authentic

-Al-Ahadith Al-Mokhtare, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab Ibn Ahmad Al-Hanbali Al-Maghdasi (died in 643 Hegira) v 2 p 106; published by: Maktabat Al-NEhzat Al-Hadith; Mecca; 1410 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Malek Ibn Abdullah Ibn Dahish


و به حدثنا عبدالله بن أحمد ثنا علي بن حكيم الأودي أنا شريك عن أبي إسحاق عن سعيد بن وهب و عن زيد بن يثيع قالا نشد عليّ في الرحبة من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول يوم غدير خم إلا قام قال فقام من قبل سعيد ستة و من قبل زيد ستة فشهدوا أنهم سمعوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول لعلي يوم غدير خم : « اليس الله أولى بالمؤمنين » قالوا بلى قال : « اللهم من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » . ( إسناده حسن )

Saeed Ibn Vahab and Zayd Ibn Yathi have quoted that; in the courtyard of the mosque Ali (peace be upon him) sworn those who heard the remarks of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom and Abi Eshaq said that; 6 men stood up from the place Saeed Ibn Vahab was sitting as well as 6 men stood up from the place Zayd IbN Yathi was sitting and all of them bore witness that they heard from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom that stated pertaining to Ali (peace be upon him) am not more merit than the believers to themselves? All of the people said; Yes. The holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) sated that; whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him and the proof of this narration is authentic

-Al-Ahadith Al-Mokhtare, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab Ibn Ahmad Al-Hanbali Al-Maghdasi (died in 643 Hegira) v 2 p 105; published by: Maktabat Al-NEhzat Al-Hadith; Mecca; 1410 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Malek Ibn Abdullah Ibn Dahish


أخبرنا عبدالله بن أحمد الحربي بها أن أبا القاسم هبة الله بن الحصين أخبرهم قراءة عليه أنا أبو علي بن المذهب أنا أبو بكر القطيعي ثنا عبدالله بن أحمد حدثني أبي ثنا حسين بن محمد و أبو نعيم المعني قثنا فطر عن أبي الطفيل قال جمع علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه الناس في الرحبة ثم قال أنشد بالله كل امرئ مسلم سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول يوم غدير خم ما قال فقام إليه بعض الناس - قال أبو نعيم فقام ناس كثير - فشهدوا حين أخذ بيده فقال للناس : « أتعلمون أني أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم » قالوا نعم يا رسول الله قال : « من كنت مولاه فهذا مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » قال : فخرجت كأن في نفسي شيئا فلقيت زيد بن أرقم فقلت له إني سمعت عليا يقول كذا و كذا قال : فما تنكر قد سمعت رسول الله يقول ذلك له × رواه أبو حاتم البستي عن عبدالله الأزدي عن إسحاق بن إبراهيم عن أبي نعيم ويحيى بن آدم عن فطر بن خليفة بنحوه ( إسناده حسن ) .

Abu Tofayl quotes that; in the courtyard of the mosque Ali (peace be upon him) gathered people and stated that; I swear to GOD every Moslem who heard this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom. Some men and Abu Naim said; most of the people stood up and bore witness that when the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) took the hand of Ali (peace be upon him) and stated that;   whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him. Abu Tofayl says that; I left that meeting while I was so unhappy with this statement of the holy prophet of GOD and after that I saw Zayd Ibn Arqam (the companion) and said to him that; I heard from Ali (peace be upon him) said something like this and that and Zayd iBn Arqam said that; do not reject that I myself heard from the holy prophet of GOD who stated that pertaining to Ali (peace be upon him) and the proof of this narration is authentic

-Al-Ahadith Al-Mokhtare, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab Ibn Ahmad Al-Hanbali Al-Maghdasi (died in 643 Hegira) v 2 p 173; published by: Maktabat Al-NEhzat Al-Hadith; Mecca; 1410 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Malek Ibn Abdullah Ibn Dahish
 

The scholars after Ibn Taymyah

Later on, we are going to probe the actions of most of the Sunnite great scholars who all of them have lived in the same age of Ibn Taymyah or lived after him those who were familiar with this claim of Ibn Taymyah (namely from the middle of the 8 century and later)

These Sunnite scholars have undertaken 3 major actions pertaining to the sentence’’ O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ as well 

1, the quotation of the scholars saying prior to Ibn Taymyah

In this action the scholars prior to Ibn Taymyah have quoted the same narrations which have been quoted in the Sunnite authentic books in their own books such as

1, Mazi (died in 748 Hejrah) in Tahzib Al-Kamal

-Tahzib Al-Kamal, Yousef Ibn Al-Zaki Abd Al-Rahman Abu Al-Hojaj Al-Mezi; v 11 p 90; v 11 p 100; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1400 Hegira; 1980; First Edition; researched by: Bashar Avad Al-Marouf

2, Zahabi (died in 748 Hejrah) in the history of Islam

-Tarikh Al-Islam and Vafiat Al-Mashahir Al-Alam, Shams Al-Din Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Osman Al-Zahabi; v 3 p 631; published by: Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Lebanon; Beirut; 1407 Hegira; 1987; First Edition; researched by: D. Umar Abd Al-Salam; Tadmeri;

3, Zayali (died in 762 Hejrah) in Al-Takhrij

-Takhrij Al-Ahadith and Al-Asar Al-Vagheat Fi Tafsir Al-Kashef Zemakhshari; Jamal Al-Din Abdullah Ibn Yousef Ibn Muhammad Al-Zeiali (died in 762 Hegira) v 2 p 234; published by: Dar Ibn Khezaime; Al-Riyadh; 1414 Hegira; First Edition; researched by: Abdullah Ibn Abd Al-Rahman Al-Saad

4, Yafei (died in 768 Hejrah) in Mrat Al-Janan

-Merat Al-Janat and Ebrat Al-Yaghzan; Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Saad Ibn Ali Ibn Soleiman Al-Yafi v 1 p 109; published by: Dar Al-Ketab Al-Islami; Cairo; 1413 Hegira; 1993;

5, Ibn Kathir Dameshqi (died in 774 Hejrah) in Al-Syrat Al-Nabaviah AND Al-Badayah Va Al-Nahayah

-Al-Sire Al-Nabavie Ibn Al-Kasir, Abu Al-Feda Esmaeel Ibn Umar Ibn Kasir Al-Gharshi (died in 774 Hegira) v 4 p 416

-Al-Bedaya VAnahay, Esmaeel Ibn Umar Ibn Kasir Al-Gharshi Abu Al-Feda; (Died in 744 Hegira) v 5 p 209; published by: Maktaba Al-Maref; Beirut

6.Ibn Abi Bakr Haythami (died in 807 Hejrah) in Majma Al-Zavaed

-Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba AlFavaed; Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heiami v 9 p 107; published by: Dar Al-Rian Al-Toras; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

7, Ibn Abi Bakr (died in 807 Hejrah) in Mavared Al-Zaman

-Mavared Al-Zeman Ela Zavaed Ibn Heban Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heisami Abu Al-Hassan; v 1 p 544; Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; researched by: Muhammad Abd Al-Razagh Hamzat

8, Ibn Hojr Asqalani (died in 852 Hejrah) in the book Al-Mataleb Al-Aliah

-Al-Mataleb Al-Alie Bezavaed Al-Masanid, Ahmad Ibn Ali Ibn Hajar Al-Asghalani v 16 p 97; published by: Dar Al-Asemat; Dar Al-Gheith; Saudi Arabia; 1419 Hegira; First Edition; published by: D. Saad Ibn Naser Ibn Abd Al-Aziz Al-Shatri

9 Thalabi (died in 875 Hejrah) in his own interpretation book

-Al-Javaher Al-Hesan Fi Tafsir Al-Ghoran, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Muhammad Ibn Makhluf Al-Saalebi; v 4 p 92; published by: Al-Elmi Al-Matbuat Institute; Beirut

10, Souti (died in 911 Hejrah) in the interpretation book Dor Al-Manthur and Jame Al-Ahadith as well as in his own book the history of Qaliphs

-Al-Dor Al-Mansur, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Al-Kamal Al-Souti (died in 911 Hegira) v 3 p 105; published by: Dar Al-Fekr; Beirut; 1993

-Jame Al-Ahadith (Al-Jame Al-Saghir and Zavaed and Al-Jame Al-Kabir) Al-Hofaz Jalal Al-Din Abd Al-Rahman Al-Souti v 5 p 400; and v 16 p 272;

-History of Caliphs, Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Souti v 1 p 169; published by: Matbat Al-Saadat; Egypt; 1371 Hegira; 1952; First Edition; Muhammad Mohei Al-Din Abd Al-Hamid

 11, Ibn Hojr Haythami (died in 973 Hejrah) in Al-Savaeq Al-Moharaqah

-Al-Savaegh Al-Mohreghe Ala Ahl Al-Rafz and Al-Zalal and Zendeghe, Abu Abbas Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Hajar Al-Heisami v 1 p 106; p 107 v 2 p 355; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Lebanon; 1417 Hegira; 1997; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abdullah Al-Torki; Kamel Al-Khatat

12, Motaqi Hendi (died in 975 Hejrah) in Kanz Al-Omal

-Kanz Al-Omal Fi Sonan Al-Aghval and Afal, Ala Al-Din Al-Motaghi Ibn Hesam Al-Din Hendi v 5 p 114; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; 1419 Hegira; 1998; First Edition; researched by: Mahmud Umar Al-Damiati

13, Halabi (died in 1044 Hejrah) in Al-Syrat Al-halabiah

-Al-Sirat Al-Halabie Fi Sire Al-Mamun, Ali Ibn Borhan Al-Din Al-Halabi; v 3 p 336; published by: Dar Al-Marefat; Beirut; 1400

14, Asemi (died in 1111 Hejrah) in the book Samt Al-Njum

-Samt Al-Nojum Al-Avali Fi Anba Al-Aval and Tavali, Abd Al-Malik Ibn Husain Ibn Abd Al-Malik Al-Shafei Al-Asemi Al-Maki v 3 p 36; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; 1419 Hegira; 1998; researched by: Adel Ahmad Abd Al-Mojud; Ali Muhammad Moavez

15, Ajluni (died in 1162 Hejrah) in the book Kashf Al-Khafa

-Kashf Al-Khafa and Mazil Al-Abas Ama Ashtahar Min Al-Ahadith Ali Al-Sonat Al-Nas, Esmaeel Ibn Muhammad Al-Ajluni Al-Jarahi; v 2 p 361; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1405 Hegira; fourth edition; researched by: Ahmad Al-Ghalash

16, Alusi (died in 1270 Hejrah) in Ruh Al-Mani

-Ruh Al-Maani Fi Tafsir Al-Ghoran Al-Azim and SabAl-Masani, Al-Alame Abi Al-Fazl Shahab Al-Din Al-Sayyed Mahmud Al-Alusi Al-Baghdadi; v 6 p 195; published by: Dar Ehya Toras Al-Arabi; Beirut

2, the correction and admission of the narration’s proof

The second major action which has been done by most of the Sunnite scholars after Ibn Taymyah was the acknowledgment to the frequency of the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ or considered that narration as an authentic or adequate saying with a valid proof and we suffice to some of these actions below

A, Zahabi who lived in the same age of Ibn Taymayah (died in 747 Hejrah)

و قد روى النسائي في سننه ، عن محمد بن المثنى عن يحيى بن حماد عن أبى معاوية ، عن الاعمش ، عن حبيب بن أبى ثابت ، عن أبى الطفيل ، عن زيد بن أرقم ، قال : لما رجع رسول الله من حجة الوداع و نزل غدير خم أمر بدوحات فقممن ثم قال : « كأنى قد دعيت فأجبت إنى قد تركت فيكم الثقلين : كتاب الله و عترتي أهل بيتى ، فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما فإنهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا على الحوض » ثم قال: « الله مولاى و أنا ولى كل مؤمن » ثم ثم أخذ بيد على فقال : « من كنت مولاه فهذا وليه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » فقلت لزيد : سمعته من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ؟ فقال : ما كان في الدوحات أحد إلا رآه بعينيه و سمعه بأذنيه .

قال شيخنا أبو عبد الله الذهبي : و هذا حديث صحيح .

 Abu Tofayl has quoted  from Zayd Ibn Arqam that he said that; when the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) returned from Haj Al-Veda and arrived at Qadir Khom then his companions built a pulpit from the trunk of the trees as His Holiness ordered and then the holy prophet of climbed up that pulpit and stated that, my demise time is getting close and I am going to leave you while I will leave you two precious things which one is more merit than the other, the holy book of Allah the Almighty and my household Ahl Al-Bayt beware how do you want to treat them and these two never separate from one another until eventually they came to me beside the pond of Kothar then the holy prophet of GOD stated that; Allah the Almighty is my Molla and I am Molla of the whole believers and then he took the hand of Ali and stated that; whoever I am his Molla then this Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves Ali and be enemy with whoever hates him. Abu Tofayl says that; I said to Zayd Ibn Arqam that; did you hear from the holy prophet of GOD? He said; whoever were present there has seen with his own eyes and heard with his own ears

Our master Zahabi said that; this is an authentic narration
 

-Al-Sire Al-Nabavie Ibn Kasir, Abu Al-Feda Esmaeel Ibn Umar Ibn Kasir Al-Gharshi Al-Dameshghi (died in 774 Hegira) v 4 p 416; Al-Bedaya Vanahaya; Esmaeel Ibn Umar Ibn Kasir Al-Gharshi Abu Al-Feda; (died in 774 Hegira) v 5 p 209; published by: Maktabat Al-Maaref; Beirut

و عن الذهبى : أن « من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه » متواتر أتقين أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قاله و أما « اللهم وال من والاه » فزيادة قوية الاسناد .

And it has been narrated from Zahabi that he said; the sentence ‘’ whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla is a frequent narration and I believe that the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) has stated that; and the sentence ‘’ O my Lord, be friend with however loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ (which has been mentioned after that) has an authentic proof as well

-Ruh Al-Maani Fi Tafsir Al-Ghoran Al-Azim and SabAl-Masani, Al-Alame Abi Al-Fazl Shahab Al-Din Al-Sayyed Mahmud Al-Alusi Al-Baghdadi; (died in 1270 Hegira)  v 6 p 195; published by: Dar Ehya Toras Al-Arabi; Beirut

B, Ibn Kathir Dameshqi Salafi (died in 774 Hejrah)

و قال النسائي في كتاب " خصائص على ": حدثنا الحسين بن حرب ، حدثنا الفضل بن موسى، عن الاعمش، عن أبى إسحاق ، عن سعيد بن وهب ، قال : قال على في الرحبة : أنشد بالله رجلا سمع رسول الله يوم غدير خم يقول : « إن الله ولى المؤمنين و من كنت وليه فهذا وليه ، اللهم وال من والاه ، وعاد من عاداه و انصر من نصره » و كذلك رواه شعبة عن أبى إسحاق و هذا إسناد جيد .

Saeed Ibn Vahab has quoted that Ali (peace be upon him) has stated that in the courtyard of the mosque that I swear to GOD whoever heard this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) who stated that; in fact Allah is Molla of the whole believers and I am Molla of the whole Moslem as well and whoever I am his Molla then this Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves Ali and be enemy with whoever hates him, and this narration has been quoted by Shobah from Abu Eshaq as well and the proof of this narration is authentic

-Al-Sire Al-Nabavie Ibn Kasir, Abu Al-Feda Esmaeel Ibn Umar Ibn Kasir Al-Gharshi Al-Dameshghi (Died in 774 Hegira) v 4 p 419

C, Haythami one of the Sunnite distinguished figure of the 9 century (died in 807 Hejrah)

باب قوله صلى الله عليه و سلم : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه » :

عن رباح بن الحارث قال جاء رهط إلى عليّ بالرحبة قالوا السلام عليك يا مولانا فقال : كيف أكون مولاكم و أنتم قوم عرب قالوا سمعنا رسول الله يوم غدير خم يقول : « من كنت مولاه فهذا مولاه » قال رباح : فلما مضوا تبعتهم فقلت من هؤلاء قالوا نفر من الأنصار فيهم أبو أيوب الأنصاري ، رواه أحمد و الطبراني إلا أنه قال قالوا سمعنا رسول الله يقول : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه » و هذا أبو أيوب بيننا فحسر أبو أيوب العمامة عن وجهه ثم قال سمعت رسول الله يقول : « من كنت مولاه فعليمولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه » و رجال أحمد ثقات .

The chapter of the statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny); whoever I am his Molla then this Ali is his Mola’’

Rebah has quoted that some people came to Ali (peace be upon him) in the courtyard of the mosque and said to him; O hello to our Mola, and Ali (peace be upon him) stated that; how can I be your Mola while you are a group of Arab people? I heard in the day of Qadir Khom from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) that stated; whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and Rebah sais that; when they went I followed them and asked from some men that who were they? They said that; these are some men of Ansars (the people of Medina) and also Abu Aub Ansari was among them. And this narration has been narrate by Ahmad Ibn hanbal and Tabarani with this different that group said; we heard from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) who stated that; whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him, and this is Abu Aub and while he was taking off his turban said that; I heard from the holy prophet of GOD who states that; whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with however hates him’’ and the narrators of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal are authentic narrators

 

-Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba, Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heisami (died in 807 Hegira) v 9 p 103; published by: Dar Al-Rian Al-Toras ; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

و عن عمرو بن ذي مر و سعيد بن وهب و عن زيد بن بثيع قالوا سمعنا عليا يقول نشدت الله رجلا سمع رسول الله يقول يوم غدير خم لما قام فقام ثلاثة عشر رجلا فشهدوا أن رسول الله قال : «ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم» قالوا بلى يا رسول الله قال : « فأخذ بيد علي فقال : « من كنت مولاه فهذا مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه و أحب من أحبه و أبغض من يبغضه و انصر من نصره و اخذل من خذله » .

رواه البزار و رجاله رجال الصحيح غير فطر بن خليفة و هو ثقة .

Amr Ibn Zemar, Saeed Ibn Vahab and Zayd Ibn Bathi said that; Ali (peace be upon him) stated that; I swear to GOD whoever heard the statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom to bear witness and immediately 13 men stood up and testified that the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) stated that; am I more merit than the believers to themselves? All of the people said; Yes the holy prophet of GOD. His Holiness stated that; O my Lord whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him and hate whoever harbor grudge against him and aid whoever aids him and humiliate whoever humiliates him

And this narration has been quoted by Bazar while his narrators are all authentic except Fatar Ibn Kalifah who is an authentic narrator as well
 

-Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba, Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heisami (died in 807 Hegira) v 9 p 104 and 105; published by: Dar Al-Rian Al-Toras ; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

و عن عبدالرحمن بن أبي ليلى قال شهدت عليا في الرحبة يناشد الناس أنشد الله من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول في يوم غدير خم :

«من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه» لما قام فشهد قال عبدالرحمن فقام اثنا عشر بدريا كأني أنظر إلى أحدهم عليه سراويل فقالوا : نشهد أنا سمعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول يوم غدير خم : « ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم و أزواجي أمهاتهم » قلنا بلى يا رسول الله قال : « فمن كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه» ، رواه أبو يعلى و رجاله وثقوا .

Abd Al-Rahman Abi Layli said that; I saw Ali (peace be upon him) in the courtyard of the mosque who sworn the people and stated that; I swear to GOD whoever heard from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom while he wa standing that; ‘’whoever I am his Mola then Ali is His Mola’’ Abd Al-Rahman Abi Layli said that; 12 men of the holy prophet of GOD’s companions who were present in the battle of Badr stood up as if I can see them while any of them have had a cover on their own heads and said that; we bear witness that we heard from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom who stated that; am I more merit and worthy to the believers than themselves and my wives are not the mother of the Moslems? We said; Yes, O the holy prophet of GOD. Then His Holiness sated that; O my Lord, whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him and this narration has been quoted by Abu Yoli and all of its narrators are authentic ones

-Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba, Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heisami (died in 807 Hegira) v 9 p 106; published by: Dar Al-Rian Al-Toras ; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

و عن زيد بن أرقم قال : نشد علي الناس ، أنشد الله رجلا سمع النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » فقام اثنا عشر بدريا فشهدوا بذلك و كنت فيمن كتم فذهب بصري .

رواه الطبراني في الكبير و الأوسط خاليا من ذهاب البصر و الكتمان و دعاء علي و في رواية عنده و كان علي دعا علي من كتم و رجال الأوسط ثقات .

Zayd Ibn Arqam said that; Ali (peace be upon him) sworn people to GOD and stated that; I swear to GOD whoever heard this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom who stated that; whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ and immediately 12 men of the companions of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) who were present along with His Holiness in the battle of Badr stood up and born witness and I was those men who concealed this witness therefore I lost my sight and Tabarani has quoted this narration in their own two books Al-Mojam Al-Kabir and Al-Mojam Al-Osat but the lack of sight and the concealment of Zayd Ibn Arqam as well as the curse of Ali (peace be upon him) have not being mentioned there of course, in another narration which has been quoted by Tabarani Imam Ali (peace be upon him) has cursed who has concealed the witness and the narrators of Mojam Al-Osat are more authentic

-Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba, Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heisami (died in 807 Hegira) v 9 p 106; published by: Dar Al-Rian Al-Toras ; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

و عن حبشي بن جنادة قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول يوم غديرخم : « اللهم من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه و انصر من نصره وأعن من أعانه » ، رواه الطبراني و رجاله وثقوا .

Habashi Ibn Jonadah (the companion) said that; in the day of Qadir Khom I heard from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) who stated that; whoever I am his Mola then Ali is HIS Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him and this narration has been quoted by Tabarani and all of its narrators are authentic narrators

-Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba, Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heisami (died in 807 Hegira) v 9 p 106; published by: Dar Al-Rian Al-Toras ; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

و عن سعيد بن وهب عن زيد بن بثيغ قال : نشد علي عليه السلام الناس في الرحبة من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول يوم غدير خم لما قام قال : فقام من قبل سعيد ستة و من قبل زيد سبعة فشهدوا أنهم سمعوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول يوم غدير خم لعلي : « أليس أنا أولى بالمؤمنين » قالوا : بلى قال : «اللهم من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » ، رواه عبدالله و البزار بنحوه أتم منه . . . و إسنادهما حسن .

Saeed Ibn Vahab has quoted that Ali (peace be upon him) has stated that in the courtyard of the mosque that I swear to GOD whoever heard this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) and Zayd said that; 6 men from the place of Saeed Ibn Vahab stood up and 7 other men from the place of Zayd Ibn Yathi stood up  and all of them born witness that in the day of Qadir he heard from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) who stated pertaining to Ali (peace be upon him) that; am I more merit to the believers than themselves? All of the people said; Yes, then the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) stated that; in fact Allah is Molla of the whole believers and I am Molla of the whole Moslem as well and whoever I am his Molla then this Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves Ali and be enemy with whoever hates him.

And these two narrations have been quoted by Abd Allah and Bazar in a more complete manner and the proofs of these two narrations are authentic

-Majma Al-Zavaed and Manba, Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Al-Heisami (died in 807 Hegira) v 9 p 107; published by: Dar Al-Rian Al-Toras ; Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi; Cairo; Beirut; 1407 Hegira

الفصل الثاني : في فضائله رضي الله عنه و كرم الله وجهه و هي كثيرة عظيمة شهيرة حتى قال أحمد : ما جاء لأحد من الفضائل ما جاء لعلي .

. . . الحديث الرابع قال  يوم غدير خم : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه » الحديث و قد مر في حادي عشر الشبه و أنه رواه عن النبي e ثلاثون صحابيا و أن كثيرا من طرقه صحيح أو حسن .

The second chapter; pertaining to the virtues of Ali (peace be upon him and may GOD be pleased with him) which are numerous and eminent then Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (the imam of Hanabalah) has said that;

So much virtues and precedence have been narrated pertaining to Ali (peace be upon him) which are more than any other companion’s virtues

The fourth narration (pertaining to the virtues of Ali peace be upon him); the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) stated in the Qadir Khom that; whoever I am his Mola this Ali (peace be upon him) is his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him and this is the narration and as it has been said 30 men of the companions of the holy prophet of GOD have stated that

-Al-Savaegh Al-Mohreghe Ala Ahl Al-Rafz and Al-Zalal and Zendeghe, Abu Abbas Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Hajar Al-Heisami;  (Died in 973 Hegira) v 2 p 353 and 355; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Lebanon; 1417 Hegira; 1997; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abdullah Al-Torki; Kamel Al-Khatat

D, Asemi Maki (died in 1111 Hejrah)

. . . لفظه عند الطبراني بسند صحيح أنه خطب بغدير خم ثامن عشر ذي الحجة مرجعه من حجة الوداع تحت شجرات برح له ما تحتها بعد صلاة الظهر فقال : « أيها الناس إنه قد نبأني اللطيف الخبير أنه لم يعمر نبي إلا نصف عمر الذي يليه من قبله وإني لأظن أني يوشك أن أدعى فأجيب و إن مسئول و إنكم مسؤولون فماذا أنتم قائلون قالوا نشهد أنك قد بلغت و جهدت و نصحت فجزاك الله خيرا فقال : « ألستم تشهدون أن لا إله إلا الله و أن محمدا عبده و رسوله وأن جنته حق وناره حق و أن الموت حق و أن البعث بعد الموت حق و أن الساعة آتية لا ريب فيها و أن الله يبعث من في القبور » قالوا : بلى نشهد بذلك قال : « اللهم اشهد » ثم قال : « أيها الناس إن الله مولاي و أنا مولى المؤمنين و أنا أولى بهم من أنفسهم » وفي رواية « ألستم تعلمون أني أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم » قالوا : بلى قال : « فمن كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه و انصر من نصره واخذل من خذله وأدر الحق معه أينما دار»ثم قال : « أيها الناس إني فرطكم و إنكم واردون على الحوض حوضا عرضه كما بين بصرى إلى صنعاء فيه عدد نجوم السماء قدحان من فضة وإني سائلكم حين تردون علي و إني تارك فيكم الثقلين فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما الثقل الأكبر كتاب الله عز وجل سبب طرفه بيد الله و طرفه بأيديكم فاستمسكوا به لا تضلوا ولا تبدلوا وعترتي أهل بيتي فإنه قد نبأني اللطيف الخبير أنهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا على الحوض» .

The concept of this narration as it has been mentioned in the book of Tabarani with an authentic proof is that; the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of 18 Za Hajjah when he was returning from Haj Al-Veda and in the Qadir Khom, under the shadow of the trees and after the noon prayer delivered a speech and stated that; O the people, … my demise is getting closer and very soon I am leaving you and you and us are responsible… then His Holiness stated that; O the people, Allah the Almighty is my Mola and I am  Mola of the believers and I am more merit to them than themselves… they said; Yes, the holy prophet of GOD then His Holiness stated that; whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him and aid whoever aids him and humiliate whoever humiliates him and accompany the truth with Ali wherever he is

-Samt Al-Nojum Al-Avali Fi Anba Al-Aval and Tavali, Abd Al-Malik Ibn Husain Ibn Abd Al-Malik Al-Shafei Al-Asemi Al-Maki v 2 p 379; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Beirut; 1419 Hegira; 1998; researched by: Adel Ahmad Abd Al-Mojud; Ali Muhammad Moavez

E, Ajloni (died in 1162 Hejrah)

« من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه » رواه الطبراني و أحمد و الضياء في المختارة عن زيد بن أرقم و عليّ و ثلاثين من الصحابة بلفظ « اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » فالحديث متواتر أو مشهور .

-Kashf Al-Khafa and Mazil Al-Abas Ama Ashtahar Min Al-Ahadith Ali Al-Sonat Al-Nas, Esmaeel Ibn Muhammad Al-Ajluni Al-Jarahi; v 2 p 361; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Beirut; 1405 Hegira; fourth edition; researched by: Ahmad Al-Ghalash

And Albani one of the Sunnite contemporary scholars

He is one of those who made considerable efforts pertaining to this narration and probed some of its proofs and the way of its quotation

1750- « من كنت مولاه ، فعلي مولاه ، اللهم وال من والاه ، و عاد من عاداه » .

ورد من حديث زيد بن أرقم و سعد بن أبي وقاص و بريدة بن الحصيب و علي بن أبي

طالب و أبي أيوب الأنصاري و البراء بن عازب و عبد الله بن عباس و أنس بن مالك و أبي سعيد و أبي هريرة .

This narration has been quoted from (several companions such as) Zayd Ibn Arqam, Sad Ibn Abi Vaqas, Boridat Ibn Al-Hasib, Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (peace be upon him), Abu Aub Al-Ansari, Al-Bara Al-Azeb, Abd Allah Ibn Abbass, Anas Ibn Malek and Abi Horayrah (and we are going to refer to some of these men here)

حديث زيد و له عنه طرق خمس :

الأولى : . . . عن أبي الطفيل قال : جمع علي رضي الله عنه الناس في الرحبة ثم قال لهم : أنشد الله كل امرئ مسلم سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول يوم غدير خم ما سمع لما قام فقام ثلاثون من الناس . . . فشهدوا حين أخذ بيده فقال للناس : " أتعلمون أني أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم ؟ " قالوا : نعم يا رسول الله ، قال : « من كنت مولاه ، فهذا مولاه ، اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه » قال : فخرجت و كأن في نفسي شيئا ، فلقيت زيد بن أرقم ، فقلت له : إني سمعت عليا يقول كذا و كذا قال : فما تنكر ، قد سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول ذلك له » . . .

قلت : و إسناده صحيح على شرط البخاري .

1, the narration of Zayd Ibn Arqam which itself contains 5 ways of narration

The first way;

Abu Tofayl quotes that; in the courtyard of the mosque Ali (peace be upon him) gathered people and stated that; I swear to GOD every Moslem who heard this statement of the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) in the day of Qadir Khom. Some men and Abu Naim said; most of the people stood up and bore witness that when the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) took the hand of Ali (peace be upon him) and stated that;   whoever I am his Molla then Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him. Abu Tofayl says that; I left that meeting while I was so unhappy with this statement of the holy prophet of GOD and after that I saw Zayd Ibn Arqam (the companion) and said to him that; I heard from Ali (peace be upon him) said something like this and that and Zayd iBn Arqam said that; do not reject that I myself heard from the holy prophet of GOD who stated that pertaining to Ali (peace be upon him) and Albani says that; this narration is an authentic saying according to the rules of Bokhari pertaining to the authenticity of the narration

سعد بن أبي وقاص ، و له عنه ثلاث طرق :

الثانية : عن عبد الواحد بن أيمن عن أبيه به أخرجه النسائي في الخصائص (16 ) و إسناده صحيح أيضا ، رجاله ثقات رجال البخاري غير أيمن والد عبد الواحد و هو ثقة كما في التقريب .

Sad Ibn Abi Vaqas himself who has 3 ways of narration

The second way of narration

It has been narrated from Abd Al-Vahed Ibn Ayman from his father Sad Ibn Abi Vaqas who has quoted this narration through Nasai pertaining to the virtues of the commander of the faithful (peace be upon him) and its proofs are accurate as well and all of its narrators are the narrators of Bokhari except that Ayman the father of Abd Al-Vahed as it has been mentioned in the book Taqrib Al-Tahzib (Ibn Hojr Asqalani) (however he is not one of the narrators of Bokhari) he is an authentic narrator as well

علي بن أبي طالب ، و له عنه تسع طرق :

السادسة : عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي ليلى قال : " شهدت عليا رضي الله عنه في الرحبة ينشد الناس . . . أخرجه عبد الله بن أحمد ( 1 / 119 ) من طريق يزيد بن أبي زياد و سماك بن عبيد بن الوليد العبسي عنه .

Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (peace be upon him) who has 9 ways of narrations

The sixth way of narration

Abd Al-Rahman Abi Layli said that; in the courtyard of the mosque I saw Ali (peace be upon him) who sworn to GOD the people… this narration has been quoted from Abd Allah Ibn Ahmad in volume 1, page 119, from Yaid Ibn Abi Zyad and Samak Ibn Obayd Ibn Al-Valid Al-Absi from Abd Al-Rhaman Ibn Abi Layli

I (Albani) says that; this narration is an authentic narration even with respect to its 2 ways of quotation

And at the end he sums up his own comments

و للحديث طرق أخرى كثيرة جمع طائفة كبيرة منها ، الهيثمي في المجمع ( 9 / 103 - 108) و قد ذكرت و خرجت ما تيسر لي منها مما يقطع الواقف عليها بعد تحقيق الكلام على أسانيدها بصحة الحديث يقينا و إلا فهي كثيرة جدا ، و قد استوعبها ابن عقدة في كتاب مفرد ، قال الحافظ ابن حجر : منها صحاح و منها حسان و جملة القول أن حديث الترجمة حديث صحيح بشطريه ، بل الأول منه متواتر عنه صلى الله عليه و سلم كما ظهر لمن تتبع أسانيده و طرقه ، و ما ذكرت منها كفاية .

This narration has many other ways of quotation that Haythami has complied most of them in the book Majma Al-Zavaed, v 9, p 103 to 108. And I mentioned some of them as possible as I could the narrations that if someone see them and make research to them then he will make certain that their proofs are authentic. (and I could not mentioned the whole ways of the quotation) since, they are too many and Ibn Oqdah has written a  specific book pertaining to this narration and also complied all of the ways of this narration and Hafez Ibn Hojr has said pertaining to this narration that; some of these narrations are authentic and the other ones are sound in short; both parts of this narration (1, whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola) and (2, O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him) are authentic rather than the first part (whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola) has been successively narrated from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) and this fact will be evident for whoever make research to its proofs and ways of the quotation and this extent which has been mentioned is sufficient

-Al-Selselat Al-Sahihe v 4 p 249

[ من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه ] . صحيح ، انظر طرقه و شواهده في الكتاب فهي كثيرة و أولها عن أبي الطفيل عنه قال : لما دفع النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم من حجة الوداع و نزل غدير خم أمر بدوحات فقممن ثم قال : « كأني دعيت فأجبت و إني تارك فيكم الثقلين أحدهما أكبر من الآخر : كتاب الله و عترتي أهل بيتي فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما فإنهما لن يتفرقا حتى يردا علي الحوض » ثم قال : « إن الله مولاي وأنا ولي كل مؤمن ثم إنه أخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه فقال : « من كنت وليه فهذا وليه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه » . صحيحٌ .

The narration ( whoever I am his Mola then Ali ids his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him) is an authentic saying with respect to its proofs and the way of narration which are too many in this book and just look at the first narration of Abu Tofayl which its concept is that  

 when the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) returned from Haj Al-Veda and arrived at Qadir Khom then his companions built a pulpit from the trunk of the trees as His Holiness ordered and then the holy prophet of climbed up that pulpit and stated that, my demise time is getting close and I am going to leave you while I will leave you two precious things which one is more merit than the other, the holy book of Allah the Almighty and my household Ahl Al-Bayt beware how do you want to treat them and these two never separate from one another until eventually they came to me beside the pond of Kothar then the holy prophet of GOD stated that; Allah the Almighty is my Molla and I am Molla of the whole believers and then he took the hand of Ali and stated that; whoever I am his Molla then this Ali is his Molla and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves Ali and be enemy with whoever hates him. and this is an authentic narration.

-Al-Selselat Al-Sahihat – Mokhtsarat v 4 p 330

« من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه » و هو حديث صحيح غايةً ، جاء من طرق جماعة من الصحابة ، خرجت أحاديث سبعة منهم و لبعضهم أكثر من طريق واحد و قد خرجتها كلها و تكلمت على أسانيدها في سلسلة الأحاديث الصحيحة .


The narration ‘’ whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’

Is the most authentic narration in high extent of the validity. And it has been quoted from the group of the companions that I have mentioned 7 narrations of them and for some of these saying there are more than one way of narration and I have set forth all of its ways of narration as well as l talked about their proofs in the book Selselah Ahadith Sahihah

-Zelal Al-Janat v 2 p 338

حدثنا علي بن محمد حدثنا أبو الحسين أخبرني حماد بن سلمة عن علي بن زيد ابن جدعان عن عدي بن ثابت عن البراء بن عازب قال : أقبلنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في حجته التي حج فنزل في بعض الطريق فأمر الصلاة جامعة فأخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه فقال : « ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم » قالوا : بلى قال : « ألست أولى بكل مؤمن من نفسه » قالوا بلى قال : « فهذا ولي من أنا مولاه اللهم وال من والاه اللهم عاد من عاداه » ( صحيح )

 Bara Ibn Azeb said that; we were returning along with the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) from Haj ceremony and we stopped in one of the place in the middle of the road and the holy prophet of GOD ordered to perform the noon and afternoon prayers together and then His Holiness took the hand of Ali (peace be upon him) and stated that; am I more merit to the believers than themselves? They said that; Yes, His Holiness stated that; am I more merit to any believer than himself? They said; Yes. Then he stated that; whoever I am his Mola then this Ali is his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him and this narration is an authentic saying

-Sahih Ibn Maje v 1 p 26; hadith no 113 

3, the critique of the claim of Ibn Taymyah

In addition to the above-mentioned actions some of the Sunnite scholars who have lives after Ibn Taymyah undertook the third action as well and that is they have explicitly criticized and rejected the claim of Ibn Taymyah pertaining to the falsity of the sentence’’ O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ and those who rejected his claim are;

1, Ibn Hojr Maki (died in 947 Hejrah) one of the outstanding figures of Sunnite narrators and scholars

أنه ( يعني حديث من كنت مولاه ) ،‍ حديث صحيح لا مرية فيه و قد أخرجه جماعة كالترمذي و النسائي و أحمد و طرقه كثيرة جدا و من ثم رواه ستة عشر صحابيا و في رواية لأحمد أنه سمعه من النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم ثلاثون صحابيا و شهدوا به لعلي لما نوزع أيام خلافته كما مر و سيأتي و كثير من أسانيدها صحاح و حسان و لا التفات لمن قدح في صحته و لا لمن رده بأن عليا كان باليمن لثبوت رجوعه منها و إدراكه الحج مع النبي و قول بعضهم إن زيادة « اللهم وال من والاه الخ » موضوعة ،‌ مردود فقد ورد ذلك من طرق صحح الذهبي كثيرا منها .

-Al-Savaegh Al-Mohreghe Ala Ahl Al-Rafz and Al-Zalal and Zendeghe, Abu Abbas Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Hajar Al-Heisami;  (Died in 974 Hegira) v 1 p 164 ; published by: Al-Resalat Institute; Lebanon; 1417 Hegira; 1997; First Edition; researched by: Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Abdullah Al-Torki; Kamel Al-Khatat

. . . ثم قول بعضهم إن زيادة : « اللهم وال من والاه » موضوعة ، مردودة ، فقد ورد ذلك من طرق صحح الذهبي كثيرا منها .

-Merghat Al-Mafatih Sharh MEshkat Al-Masabih, Ali Ibn Soltan Muhammad Al-Ghari (Died in 1014 Hegira) v 11 p 258; published by: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmie; Lebanon; Beirut; 1422 Hegira; 2001; First Edition; researched by: Jamal Itani

And this statement of some people that said; the additional sentence of ‘’ O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ is a false and forge sentence is not true since this additional sentence has been mentioned from some ways of narrations that Zahabi has regarded authentic and accurate

C, Borhan Al-Din Halabi (died in 1044 Hejrah)

. . . و قول بعضهم إن زيادة « اللهم وال من والاه إلى آخره » موضوعة ، مردود فقد ورد ذلك من طرق صحح الذهبي كثيرا منها .

  -Al-Sire Al-Halabie Fi Sire  Al-Amin Al-Mamun, Ali Borhan Al-Din Al-Halabi (Died in 1044 Hegira) v 3 p 336; published by: Dar Al-Marefat; Beirut; 1400

And this statement of some people that said; the additional sentence of ‘’ O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ is a false and forge sentence is not true since this additional sentence has been mentioned from some ways of narrations that Zahabi has regarded authentic and accurate

D, Albani one of the Sunnite influential and contemporary scholars

After mentioning the proofs and the various ways of the narration ‘ whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him’’ reached to this conclusion and writes that;

. . . و جملة القول أن حديث الترجمة حديث صحيح بشطريه ، بل الأول منه متواتر عنه صلى الله عليه و سلم كما ظهر لمن تتبع أسانيده و طرقه و ما ذكرت منها كفاية .

The abstract of this statement; both parts of this narrations (1, whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola , and O my Lord, be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him) are accurate rather than the first part of this narration has been successively narrated from the holy prophet of GOD (peace and bless of GOD be upon him and his progeny) and this point will be evident for whoever makes research to the proofs and the quotation ways of this saying and to to this extent I have mentioned would be sufficient

And after that conclusion, then immediately he mentioned his own intent pertaining to the probe of the proofs of that saying

إذا عرفت هذا ، فقد كان الدافع لتحرير الكلام على الحديث و بيان صحته ، أنني رأيت شيخ الإسلام بن تيمية ، قد ضعف الشطر الأول من الحديث و أما الشطر الآخر ، فزعم أنه كذب ! و هذا من مبالغته الناتجة في تقديري من تسرعه في تضعيف الأحاديث قبل أن يجمع طرقها و يدقق النظر فيها و الله المستعان .

Now after realizing the proofs and the quotation ways of this saying I have to say that; my real purpose of writing this point pertaining to this narration and mentioning its accuracy is that; I saw Shakh Al-Islam Ibn Taymyah has consider the first part of this saying (whoever I am his Mola then Ali is his Mola) as a weak narration as well as he thought that the second part of this narration (O my Lord be friend with whoever loves him and be enemy with whoever hates him) is false and forge one. In my view, the real intent of his claim is his exaggeration to weaken the narrations prior to gathering the proofs and the quotation ways of that sayings and meditation and attention to them

-Al-Selselat Al-Sahihe v 4 p 249

At the end I say that; have Ibn Taymyah and Mohammad Ibn Abd Al-Vahab seen these Sunnite first-hand sources as well as their own scholars’ views prior to them (as Albani said) to talk about these points in such a manner and have disgraced themselves in the people’s eyes and if so then this indicate their deep ignorant pertaining to the Sunnite narrative texts or maybe they have seen them but…

 

GOOD LUCK

THE BOARD OF ADDRESSING THE RELIGIOUS DOUBTS

    THE RESEARCH INSTITUE OF HIS HOLINESS IMAM OF THE AGE

                  (MAY GOD PRECIPITATE HIS REAPPERANCE) 

 



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