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Did Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon him) marry another person before the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)?
ID: 104 Publish Date: 18 January 2016 - 16:51 Count Views: 481
Question & Answer » Prophecy
Did Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon him) marry another person before the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)?

This question has been come up by: Mostafa

 

Answer:

 

Khadije, the best wife

 

Hazrat Khadije Kobra (peace be upon him) was the best wife of the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and one of four heaven’s superior women. She is the first person that believed in the messenger of God and she donated all of his properties in the path of the Islam development.

 

   Alame Majlesi (may God be well pleased with him) has written about this matter  

 

 

عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَحُمْرَانَ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) قَالَ حَدَّثَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيُّ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) قَالَ إِنَّ جَبْرَئِيلَ (عليه السلام) قَالَ لِي لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِي حِينَ رَجَعْتُ وَقُلْتُ يَا جَبْرَئِيلُ هَلْ لَكَ مِنْ حَاجَةٍ قَالَ حَاجَتِي أَنْ تَقْرَأَ عَلَى خَدِيجَةَ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَمِنِّي السَّلَامَ

وَحَدَّثَنَا عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ حِينَ لَقَّاهَا نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ فَقَالَ لَهَا الَّذِي قَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ فَقَالَتْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ السَّلَامُ وَ مِنْهُ السَّلَامُ وَ إِلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ وَعَلَى جَبْرَئِيلَ السَّلَامُ.

Imam Bagher (peace be upon him) has narrated from Abu Saeid Khodri that the messenger of God bade ' ' when I came back, I said to Gabriel ' ' do you have any requests from me? ' ' he said ' ' my request is that you say the hello of God and me to Khadije. When the messenger of God annunciated the message of Gabriel to Khadije, he answered ' ' great God is representative of health and all of health is from him and all of health originates from him. Peace upon Gabriel.               

 

Al-Majlesi, Muhammad Bagher (died in 1111 Hejira), Bahar Al-Anvar, v 16 p 7 chapter 5- Tazvaja p Be Khadije Raziollah Anha, Researched by: Muhammad Al-Bagher Al-Behbudi, Published by: Al-Vafa Institute, Beirut, Lebanon, Second Edition; Al-Mosahahat, 1403- 1983

 

 

Muhammad Ben Ismaeil Bokhari has written

 

3609 حدثنا قُتَيْبَةُ بن سَعِيدٍ حدثنا محمد بن فُضَيْلٍ عن عُمَارَةَ عن أبي زُرْعَةَ عن أبي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه قال أتى جِبْرِيلُ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال يا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هذه خَدِيجَةُ قد أَتَتْ مَعَهَا إِنَاءٌ فيه إِدَامٌ أو طَعَامٌ أو شَرَابٌ فإذا هِيَ أَتَتْكَ فَاقْرَأْ عليها السَّلَامَ من رَبِّهَا وَمِنِّي وَبَشِّرْهَا بِبَيْتٍ في الْجَنَّةِ من قَصَبٍ لَا صَخَبَ فيه ولا نَصَبَ.

Gabriel came to the messenger of God and bade ' ' Khadije has come and she has dish in her hand that contains meat, food and drink (doubt is from narrator). When Hazrat Khadije came to you, say hello to her from God and from me and annunciate her to a house in the heaven made of pearl, gold and ruby and it is safe from fuss and pain.

 

Al-Bokhari Al-Jaafi, Muhammad Ben Esmaeel Abu Abdullah (died in 256 Hejira), Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 3 p 1389, v 6 p 2723, Researched by: D. Mostafa Deib Al-Bagha, Published by: Dar Ibn Kathir, Al-Yamame, Beirut, Third Edition; 1407- 1987

 

Khadije, one of the heaven best women

 

Muhammad Ben Ismaeil Bokhari has narrates in another narration that Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon her) and Hazrat Maryam (peace be upon her) are the best heaven women

 

3249 حدثني أَحْمَدُ بن أبي رَجَاءٍ حدثنا النَّضْرُ عن هِشَامٍ قال أخبرني أبي قال سمعت عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بن جَعْفَرٍ قال سمعت عَلِيًّا رضي الله عنه يقول سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول خَيْرُ نِسَائِهَا مَرْيَمُ ابْنَةُ عِمْرَانَ وَخَيْرُ نِسَائِهَا خَدِيجَةُ.

Abdullah Ben Jafar narrates from Imam Ali (peace be upon him) that bade ' ' I heard from the messenger of God that bade ' ' the best heaven women are Maryam, the daughter of Umran and Khadije.

 

Al-Bokhari Al-Jaafi, Muhammad Ben Esmaeel Abu Abdullah (died in 256 Hejira), Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 3 p 3248, Researched by: D. Mostafa Deib Al-Bagha, Published by: Dar Ibn Kathir, Al-Yamame, Beirut, Third Edition; 1407- 1987

 

The position of Hazrat KHadije had none of the wives of the messenger of God because the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) remembered Khadije and he remembered him well. This provoked the jealousy of some of wives of the messenger of God and they objected the messenger of God why he remembered her a lot.

 

 

The confession of Aeshe to the superiority of Hazrat Khadije:

                   

Narrating from Aeshe, Bokhari has written

 

3605 حدثنا سَعِيدُ بن عُفَيْرٍ حدثنا اللَّيْثُ قال كَتَبَ إلي هِشَامٌ عن أبيه عن عَائِشَةَ رضي الله عنها قالت ما غِرْتُ على امْرَأَةٍ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ما غِرْتُ على خَدِيجَةَ هَلَكَتْ قبل أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَنِي لِمَا كنت أَسْمَعُهُ يَذْكُرُهَا وَأَمَرَهُ الله أَنْ يُبَشِّرَهَا بِبَيْتٍ من قَصَبٍ وَإِنْ كان لَيَذْبَحُ الشَّاةَ فَيُهْدِي في خَلَائِلِهَا منها ما يَسَعُهُنَّ.

Aeshe says ' ' I was jealous of no woman as much as Khadije. I did not understand her and she passed away before my marriage with the messenger of God. I was jealous of her because the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) remembered her more and God had annunciated her to a house made of gold, pearl and rubbyand whenever the prophet killed sheep, he donated it to the friends of  of Khadije.

 

Al-Bokhari Al-Jaafi, Muhammad Ben Esmaeel Abu Abdullah (died in 256 Hejira), Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 3 p 1388, Researched by: D. Mostafa Deib Al-Bagha, Published by: Dar Ibn Kathir, Al-Yamame, Beirut, Third Edition; 1407- 1987

 

 

He has narrated in another narration

 

3610 وقال إِسْمَاعِيلُ بن خَلِيلٍ أخبرنا عَلِيُّ بن مُسْهِرٍ عن هِشَامٍ عن أبيه عن عَائِشَةَ رضي الله عنها قالت اسْتَأْذَنَتْ هَالَةُ بِنْتُ خُوَيْلِدٍ أُخْتُ خَدِيجَةَ على رسول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَرَفَ اسْتِئْذَانَ خَدِيجَةَ فَارْتَاعَ لِذَلِكَ فقال اللهم هَالَةَ قالت فَغِرْتُ فقلت ما تَذْكُرُ من عَجُوزٍ من عَجَائِزِ قُرَيْشٍ حَمْرَاءِ الشِّدْقَيْنِ هَلَكَتْ في الدَّهْرِ قد أَبْدَلَكَ الله خَيْرًا منها

Aeshe says ' ' Hale, the daughter of Khadije, wanted to be allowed to visit the messenger of God. The messenger of God remembered Khadije, provoked and bade ' ' O ' God! Hale has come. I became sad and said ' ' you remember an old woman from the old women of the Ghoreish Tribe whose teeth had fallen a lot. She has died and God has granted you a wife better than her. 

 

Al-Bokhari Al-Jaafi, Muhammad Ben Esmaeel Abu Abdullah (died in 256 Hejira), Sahih Al-Bokhari, v 3 p 1388, Researched by: D. Mostafa Deib Al-Bagha, Published by: Dar Ibn Kathir, Al-Yamame, Beirut, Third Edition; 1407- 1987

 

Narrating from Aeshe, Ahmad Ben Hanbel has written 

 

24908 حدثنا عبد اللَّهِ حدثني أبي ثنا علي بن إِسْحَاقَ انا عبد اللَّهِ قال انا مُجَالِدٌ عَنِ الشعبي عن مَسْرُوقٍ عن عَائِشَةَ قالت كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا ذَكَرَ خَدِيجَةَ أَثْنَى عليها فَأَحْسَنَ الثَّنَاءَ قالت فَغِرْتُ يَوْماً فقلت ما أَكْثَرَ ما تَذْكُرُهَا حَمْرَاءَ الشِّدْقِ قد أَبْدَلَكَ الله عز وجل بها خَيْراً منها قال ما أبدلني الله عز وجل خَيْراً منها قد آمَنَتْ بي إِذْ كَفَرَ بي الناس وصدقتني إِذْ كذبني الناس وواستني بما لها إذا حرمني الناس ورزقني الله عز وجل وَلَدَهَا إِذْ حرمني أَوْلاَدَ النِّسَاءِ

Whenever the messenger of God remembered Khadije, he praised her a lot. One day, I became sad and said ' ' why are you remembering a woman without teeth? God has given you a better wife. He bade ' ' God has not given me a wife better than her. When all of people turned their face away from me, he believed in me; when others denied me, he confirmed me and left her wealth to me and when others deprived me, God gave me a child from him when I deprived from other women.

 

Al-Sheibani, Ahmad Ben Hanbal Abu Abdullah (died in 241 Hejira), Mosnad Ahmad Ben Hanbal , v 6 p 117, Published by: Ghartabat Institute, Egypt

 

Al-Zahabi, Shams Al-Din Muhammad Ben Ahmad Ben Osman (died in 748 hejira), Tarikh Al-Eslam Vafiyat Al-Mashahir Al-Alam, v 1 p 238, Researched by: D. Omar Abd Al-Salam Tedmeri, Published by: Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi, Lebanon / Beirut, First Edition; 1407 Hejira- 1987

 

After narrating this narration, Heithami has said  

رواه أحمد وإسناده حسن.

Al-Heithami, Abu Al-Hasan Ali Ben Abibakr (died in 807 Hejira), Majma Al-zavaed Manba Al-Favaed, v 9 p 224, Published by: Dar Al-Riyan Leltorath / Dar Al-Ketab Al-Arabi, Cairo, Beirut, 1407 hejira

Refer to the following address for more research about the jealousies of Aeshe

 

 

Hence, there is no doubt about the rank of Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon him). However, since Sunni scientists like to introduce Aeshe as the best wife of the messenger of God, they try to make virtues for him and only thing that they have found is that they claim that Aeshe was only virgin wife of the messenger of God and other wives of the messenger of God married before they married him such as Hazrat Khadije whereas this matter is in contrast with the realities of the history because Aeshe had another husband before the messenger of God based on a narration.  

 

Had Aeshe married before the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)?

 

Ibn Sad has written in the book ' ' Al-Tabaghat Al-Kobra ' '

 

عن عبد الله بن أبي ملكية قال خطب رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم عائشة بنت أبي بكر الصديق فقال إني كنت أعطيتها مطعما لابنه جبير فدعني حتي أسلها منهم فاستسلها منهم فطلقها فتزوجها رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم.

Abdullah Ben Abi Malike says ' ' the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) proposed marriage to Aeshe, the daughter of Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr said ' ' I have had Aeshe marry Jabir Ben Mataamm. Let me make them stop living with my daughter. Abu Bakr made them stop living with her daughter and he had his daughter divorce him. Then the messenger of  God married him. 

 

Al-Zahari, Muhammad Ben Sad Ben Mani Abu Abdullah Al-Basari (died in 230 Hejira), Al-Tabaghat Al-Kobra, v 8 p 59, Published by: Dar Sader, Beirut

 

Al-Asghalani Al-Shafei, Ahmad Ben Ali Ben Hajar Abu Al-Fazl (died in 852 Hejira), Al-esabat Fi Tamiz Al-sahabat , v 8 p 17, Researched by: Ali Muhammad Al-Bajavi, Published by: Dar Al-Jeil, Beirut, First Edition; 1412 Hejira- 1992

 

Hence, Aeshe was the wife of another person with name ' ' Jabir Ben Mataam before the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). 

 

?Was Hazrat Khadije non-virgin

Our main discussion about this matter is whether Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon her) had married before the messenger of God or not?The answer of this question is found in the books and works of Shiite dignitaries and intellectuals a lot. We will refer to some parts of the answer and the explanation respecting all of dignitaries and considering briefness of remark:

 

Some scientist have said ' ' the messenger of God did not have virgin wife except Aeshe ' ' and they have said about Khadije ' ' she married two persons with the names ' ' Atigh Ben Abdullah Makhzumi and Abu Hale Tamimi before she married the messenger of God and she had some children from them.

 

Abu Al-Ghasem Ismaeil Ben Muhammad Isfahani, one of Sunni scientists, says clearly that Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon her) was virgin.

 

وكانت خديجة امرأة باكرة ذات شرف ومال كثير وتجارة تبعث بها إلى الشام فتكون عيرها كعامة عير قريش.

Hazrat KHadije was a virgin woman and he had a lot of wealth, she sent the caravan of business toward Sham and her caravan was as large as all caravan of the Ghoreish Tribe.  

 

Al-Asbahani, Abu Al-Ghasem Esmaeel Ben Muhammad Ben Al-Fazl Al-Teimi (died in 535 Hejira), Dalael Al-Nabovat, v 1 p 178, Researched by: Muhammad Muhammad Al-Hadad , Published by: Dar Tayebe, Riyadh , First Edition, 1409 Hejira

 

Abu Al-Ghasem Kufi, one of the Shiite scientists, has had an interesting reason which we get the attention of dear readers to that. He has written in the book ' ' Al-Estaghase ' ' 

أن الإجماع من الخاص والعام من أهل الأنال ونقلة الأخبار على أنه لم يبق من أشراف قريش ومن ساداتهم وذوي النجدة منهم إلا من خطب خديجة ورام تزويجها فامتنعت على جميعهم من ذلك فلما تزوجها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم غضب عليها نساء قريش وهجرنها وقلن لها خطبك أشراف قريش وأمراؤهم فلم تتزوجي أحدا منهم وتزوجت محمدا يتيم أبي طالب فقيرا لا مال له، فكيف يجوز في نظر أهل الفهم أن تكون خديجة يتزوجها أعرابي من تميم وتمتنع من سادات قريش وأشرافها على ما وصفناه، ألا يعلم ذو التميز والنظر أنه من أبين المحال وأفظع المقال، ولما وجب هذا عند ذوي التحصيل ثبت أن خديجة لم تتزوج غير رسول الله (ص).

The Sunni and Shiite Mohadessin and the historians agree unanimously that all of dignitaries, aristocrats, heads and the gentlemen of the Ghoreish tribe proposed marriage to Hazrat Khadije and they wished to marry her, but Hazrat Khadije rejected all of them. When the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) married him, all of women of the Ghoreish tribe stopped their relationship and communication with her and they said ' ' you rejected the marriage proposal of the Ghoreish heads and you have married a person that is poor and he has no wealth.

Hence, can intellectuals accept that Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon her) married An Arabic person from the tribe of Bani Tamim, but she did not accept the marriage proposal of the Ghoreish heads?

The intellectuals should know that this matter is the clearest denials and the most unpleasant remarks. When this matter is proved for researchers, it will be proved that Hazrat Khadije did not marry a person other than the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants).

Al-Kufi Abu Al-Ghasem Ali Ben Ahmad Ben Musa Ibn Al-Emam Al-Javad Muhammad Ben Ali (died in 352 Hejira), Ketab Al-Esteghathe, v 1 p 70, according to the software of Maktab Ahle Al-Beit

We can ask this question from researchers ' ' if Hazrt Khadije (peace be upon her) had married an Arabic person from the Tamim Tribe before marriage with the messenger of God, would there been anything else for these criticisms after marriage with the messenger of God? Was the marriage of a widow for all of people of Mecca as important as all of the wives of the Ghoreish Aristocrats stopped their relationship with her?

 

If Aeshe had been supposed to be censured, why would not she have been censured when she wanted to marry an Arabic person that was poor and he was not from a high social class? 

 

Hence, we are sure that the story of marriage of Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon her) before the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) is one of intrigues of persons that did not recognize any boundary about virtues for the enemies of Ahle Beit (peace be upon them) and they did not leave any virtues for Ahle Beit (peace be upon them) and if so, they would have considered them for others.

Answering to some questions 

 First question: if Hazrat Khadije had not had husband before her marriage with the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants), whose daughters would Zeinab, Roghaye, and Un Gulthum have been? Were the children of the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)?

 

According to the narration of the historians, Khadije had a sister with the name ' ' Hale ' ' that married a man from Makhzun and she had a child with her own name ' ' Hale ' '. Then she had a child from Tamim with the name ' ' Abu Hend ' ' and she had a child with the name ' ' Hend ' '. This man from Tamim married another woman and he had two children with the names ' ' Roghaye ' ' and ' ' Zeinab ' ' from her.  Mother of these two daughters passed away and then the father of two daughters passed away. Hend, the child of Hale, was left to the family of her husband family and Hale came to the house of Khadije with these two daughters that were from another wife of her husband. Khadije undertook their responsibility and after she married the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants), these two daughters were with Khadije and the messenger of God and they were trained by them and they were called Rabie of the messenger of God. According to the custom of Arab,  Rabie was considered the same as the daughter of a person therefore,  people considered them the daughters of Khadije and the messenger of God.

Refer to the following address for more information

 

Are married two daughters of the Prophet ( PBUH) by Osman correct? 

 

The second question: some have considered it impossible that Hazrat Khadije did not marry although she had two features such as beauty and wealth and she was from a great family with high rank and they have said ' ' is it possible that the father and the guardian of a woman such as Khadije left her without husband and lived alone ?

  

we answer:

 

First: the father of Khadije was killed in the Fojar War.

 

Second: if she had had a guardian other than father, she could not have made her to choose a husband. Hence, the expectation of a woman like her for a good husband and in a social class equal with her was a reasonable and acceptable matter.

 

The result of the discussion 

Consequently, proving child or children for Khadije from the husband other than the messenger of God is not only possible, but it is also far from the mind according to the historical narrations. Hence, the marriage of Khadije before the honorable of the Islam is one of false matters and at least it has happened according to ignorance and false interpretation from historical events which make each aware narrator conclude in this way.

 

GOOD LUCK

THE BOARD OF ADDRESSING THE RELIGIOUS DOUBTS

     THE RESEARCH INSTITUE OF HIS HOLINESS IMAM OF THE AGE

                    (MAY GOD PRECIPITATE HIS REAPPERANCE)
 


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